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National Science Teachers Association
2017
Ancient Earth Journal: The Late Jurassic
Book Jacket   Juan Carlos Alonso and Gregory S. Paul
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781633221086 Gr 4-6-With the look of a tea-stained field guide, this exploration of the late Jurassic period provides general dino-related information along with a few added bits. For instance, in addition to data on the length, height, and weight of these creatures, some of their temperaments are also discussed. (The allosaurus is described as aggressive and the diplodocus hallorum as cautious.) While dinosaurs are the main course here, Jurassic plants like ginkgo trees and mammals such as the Shenshou lui (a shrewlike creature from China) are also briefly covered. Although this title has a picture book format, the language and the occasional use of a script font would likely be frustrating for most readers below fourth grade. Appended is a handy pronunciation key. VERDICT Consider for serious dinosaur aficionados.-Anne Chapman Callaghan, Racine Public Library, WI © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781633221086 Dinosaur species that lived 162145 million years ago are documented in gorgeous, detailed illustrations set on pages like a naturalist's journal. After introductions to each of the major groups or orders of the period (therapods, sauropods, ornithischians, and pterosaurs, plus a small chapter on mammals), features of each animal are highlighted through abundantly captioned action sketches and anatomical close-ups. Pronunciation key appended. (c) Copyright 2017. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2017
Animals by the Numbers
Book Jacket   Steve Jenkins
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544630925 Gr 2-6-Jenkins combines cut-and-torn-paper illustrations with infographics to present highly engaging visual comparisons from the animal kingdom. Ranging from one to four pages in length, the graphic sections feature careful layouts that convey well-chosen and fascinating data. Clean lines and abundant white space lead readers to absorb the information without strain or confusion. In one example, a horizontal bar graph examines the speeds of 15 animals, each identified by name and a silhouette figure. In addition, illustrations highlight two particular examples with captions. Varied graph formats demonstrate each topic to maximum effect. Concentric circles show the surprising differences between wing speeds of hummingbirds and gnats. Cut-paper horns are neatly placed within a bar graph of horn lengths. There's even a logic tree outlining the decision-making process of an armadillo. Scales are clearly noted, even when they shift on the following page, as in the impressive four-page look at the deadliest animals that reveals the mosquito's clear dominance. Estimated data is always identified, such as numbers representing the combined biomass of species. In some cases, two graphs are used to offer different perspectives on the topic: a horizontal bar graph details tongue lengths, for example, while on the facing page a vertical depiction compares those lengths to the size of each animal (and the bars are cleverly rounded to resemble tongues). VERDICT Compelling visual presentation makes the information accessible and exciting. Highly recommended for all science collections.-Steven Engelfried, Wilsonville Public Library, OR © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544630925 *Starred Review* Caldecott Honor-winner Jenkins is well-known for his paper collage artwork and for deploying fascinating animal facts in easily digestible picture book formats. This volume, composed of a series of captivating infographics, ups the ante. Each spread spotlights a different topic, such as the expected standards of size and speed, as well as more obscure features, like the spread comparing tongue lengths, both in actual measurements and relative to body size. The graphics are paired with plenty of explanatory text that defines key terms, like decibel and biomass, and snappy collage illustrations of some creatures. The pages highlighting animals that thrive in extreme temperatures features a handy thermometer chart with emperor penguins on the cold bottom and Pompeii worms at the steamy top, and special attention is given to tardigrades, microscopic creatures that can live anywhere, even in space. There's a wealth of information here, organized so cleverly that it's easy to see almost immediately what the images are communicating, and the accompanying factoids and scientific concepts are often surprising. The intriguing and engaging format of this title is stimulating on a variety of levels, and the approach should appeal to a wide range of students, especially visual learners, something for which educators will be grateful. A brilliantly executed take on a perennially high-interest topic.--Rosenfeld, Shelle Copyright 2016 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A visual compendium of facts and figures about the animal world.The prolific Jenkins knows how to present information in ways that resonate with his child readers. He presents aspects of animal physiology that have particular appeal for their ease of understanding (size, heart rate, life span) and for their eww! factor (venom, poison, human deaths). His examples range widely, and his information reflects what young readers want to know. How many different kinds are there? Which is fastest? Who travels furthest? He even touches on endangered species and mass extinctions. This engaging title will also delight educators, who will find it a splendid source for graph- and chart-reading practice. There are pie graphs and bar charts in varying designs, histograms, proportionally scaled graphics, clusters, a timeline, and even a flow chart. There are numerous symbols and keys. The clean design places both the animal images and the connected infographics on generous white space with clear labels. Aspects such as size and biomass are presented to scale, and these comparisons always include humans. The graphical combination of cut-and-tornpaper collage, words, and numbers begins with the table of contents. In an afterword, Jenkins explains where he got his numbers and how he dealt with conflicting statistics. A special treat for all who love animal statistics. (bibliography, websites) (Informational picture book. 6-12) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2017
Because of an Acorn
 Lola M. Schaefer
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781452112428 A spare text describes the relationship between living things in an oak forest ecosystem. Some examples are of circumstance (the abundance of trees attracts nesting birds) and some of happenstance (a hawk alighting on a branch knocks off an acorn), but the book, with handsome illustrations featuring browns and greens, nicely emphasizes nature's interconnectedness. Additional oak forest information, including environmental tips, is included. (c) Copyright 2017. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781452112428 A spare text describes the relationship between living things in an oak forest ecosystem. Some examples are of circumstance (the abundance of trees attracts nesting birds) and some of happenstance (a hawk alighting on a branch knocks off an acorn), but the book, with handsome illustrations featuring browns and greens, nicely emphasizes nature's interconnectedness. Additional oak forest information, including environmental tips, is included. (c) Copyright 2017. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2017
A Beetle is Shy
 Dianna Hutts Aston
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781452127125 Butterflies are showcased in many beautiful books, including A Butterfly Is Patient (2011), by Aston and Long, whose latest volume celebrates a much larger and more ancient (if not so famously decorative) group of insects: beetles. With a short paragraph on almost every page, the text addresses topics such as the egg-to-adult development of beetles, the hard outer wings that make them distinct from other insects, and their varied means of locomotion, communication, and protection. Each double-page spread leads off with a large-print line such as A beetle is tasty, introducing these insects as an abundant and protein-rich food source, or A beetle is helpful . . . or harmful, leading into a discussion of species that destroy pests or, alternately, destroy gardens and crops. Any thought that beetles are drab is dispelled by the large-scale watercolor illustrations, including a striking kaleidoscopelike composition that features iridescent beetle species. From the jacket art to the concluding identification page, here's an attractive addition to the series that began with An Egg Is Quiet (2006).--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2016 Booklist
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781452127125 Aston and Long follow A Butterfly Is Patient and other collaborations with a poetic examination of the vast insect order of beetles. As in the previous books, brief phrases ("A beetle is kaleidoscopic," "A beetle is colossal") introduce various characteristics, explored in crisp, accessible text that can be both general and species-specific ("[Fireflies] flash their signals to attract a mate, defend their territory, and warn away predators"). Long's watercolors capture the vibrant details of the rainbow stag beetle, dead-nettle leaf beetle, and other striking specimens in a sparkling homage to a diverse category of insect. Ages 5-8. Author's agent: Rosemary Stimola, Stimola Literary Studio. (Apr.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781452127125 K-Gr 4-The author/illustrator pair have created yet another colorful and intricate work. The combination of Aston's soft text and Long's watercolors provide readers with an enjoyable insight into the world of beetles. Text presented in a sweeping cursive font introduces a general statement about beetles ("A beetle is telegraphic"), while text rendered in a smaller, nonscript font expands on this trait or ability ("Most beetles send messages to each other using chemicals called pheromones.. Others `talk' to each other with squeaky, raspy sounds."). Several illustrations depict the beetle species in their natural environments (a boll weevil munching on a plant), while others juxtapose everyday items with the insect to give a sense of size perspective (the North American featherwing beetle and the eye of a needle). Each species is labeled, and the -endpapers feature an illustrated free-form list of all the beetles pictured. The only thing that could make this book better would be a glossary of the beetles with additional information for the curious child. VERDICT Children and adults will love this beautiful and fascinating book.-Gretchen Crowley, Alexandria City Public Libraries, VA © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781452127125 Larger-than-life watercolor illustrations of colorful, gem-like beetles are framed by poetic text describing their features and behaviors. This exploration of beetle biodiversity showcases their "kaleidoscopic" colors; their range of stature ("A beetle is colossal... / or microscopic"); their lively moves as they dig, run, hop, and swim; the ways they are "helpful... / or harmful" to human endeavors; and more. An eloquent blend of science and art. (c) Copyright 2017. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2017
Best in Snow
Book Jacket   April Pulley Sayre
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481459167 PreS-Gr 1-In this visually stunning tribute to winter weather, Sayre explores the water cycle through photography and verse. In the opening lines, a freeze and a breeze combine to produce feathery snowflakes that drift down from the sky and "land on a squirrel's nose." Flowing from page to page, the alliterative rhyming text describes the characteristics and behavior of the frozen precipitation. Evocative photos of winter landscapes and wildlife quietly capture the serene beauty of a forest blanketed in snow. "Snow sails" around an orange-beaked female cardinal, and "it settles" on a scattering of fallen brown leaves. Coming full circle, a freeze and a breeze conjure a storm and it snows once again, frosting bare branches with sparkling white. Sayre's simple text and in particular her eye-catching photos celebrate the wonder and magic of the natural world. Appended back matter that explains the snowflake's cyclical journey from lakes and rivers up to the clouds and down to earth again will further pique readers' curiosity, along with the accompanying suggested reading list. VERDICT Pair this commendable companion to Sayre's Raindrops Roll with Jacqueline Briggs Martin's Snowflake Bentley as the seasons change and winter approaches.-Linda L. Walkins, Saint Joseph Preparatory High School, Boston © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781481459167 *Starred Review* A companion volume to Raindrops Roll (2015), this exceptionally handsome picture book offers a close-up look at snow. Crisp, concise phrases point out what happens before, during, and after a snowstorm, leading children from one idea to the next (freeze, cloud, snow, wind, sun, drips, slush) and ending with a sentence that echoes the beginning phrases. In the middle section, accompanying four large photos on two double-page spreads, these words relate to sunlight after a snowfall: Air warms. / Snow softens. / It drip, / drip, / drips. / Snowmelt / forms / icicle / tips. Elements of the text are sometimes slanted, curved, or arranged in ways that underscore their meanings. While the lyrical narrative alone could be read in a minute, the variety, intricacy, and beauty of the photos give viewers many reasons to pause and look closely at each striking image. Sayre has a well-deserved reputation for exceptional nature photography and dependable science writing for young children. The appended Secrets of Snow section presents additional information related to observations made within the book. Combining eye-catching photos and a spare, poetic text, Sayre's latest informational picture book is uncommonly rewarding for one-on-one sharing and highly recommended for preschool and primary-grade units on snow.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2016 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481459167 PreS-Gr 1-Gorgeous photographs complement evocative and economic verse in this poetic exploration of the winter water cycle. Alliterative language flows and pulses in a rhyming progression: "Air warms./Snow softens./It drip, drip, drips./Snowmelt/forms/icicle tips." A perfect storytime or one-on-one selection; readers of all ages will want to snuggle up and settle in to appreciate this gem. © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. This striking photo essay engages curious readers as the world of snow is revealed in all of its frigid manifestations. Be it a shivering, huddled squirrel or a cardinal posing as a vermilion exclamation point within a maze of snow-laden branches, the frost-flecked forest creatures gazing forth from Sayre's compelling compositions contrast perfectly with the stark descriptions. A freeze. / A breeze. / A cloud. / It snows. The economically precise language entices and beguiles in a rhyming progression that accompanies a series of photos that range from dark gray clouds to drifting snowflakes to a brittle pane of ice fractals. The photos are stunning. Two red-winged blackbirds are captured in midair, about to land on a feeder; snowflakes on a red squirrels coat stand out in a double-pagedominating close-up; individual drops of water are captured melting from ice-encrusted fir needles. Stealthily introduced science concepts unfurl amid a visual symphony of meteorological splendor. The appended science facts perfectly accompany each line of poetry reproduced from the body of the text, harmoniously blending the authors twin disciplines of science and creative writing. A lesson-enriching bibliography is also provided. Adult companions of young explorers will find in Sayre's latest nature study an ideal vehicle for early STEAM curricula and activities at home or in school. (Informational picture book. 3-8) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781481459167 Sayre follows Raindrops Roll with an attention-grabbing tribute to snow, pairing striking photographs with snowflake-delicate verse. Squirrels, deer, and other animals make cameos ("A freeze. A breeze./ A cloud. It snows./ Snowflakes land/ on a squirrel's nose"), but it's Sayre's images of feathery ice crystals, pine needles caked in dripping icicles, and riverscapes blanketed in white that capture the essence of winter's magic. An enlightening closing spread addresses a range of topics about snow (such as why snowflakes sometimes "plaster one side of a tree branch but leave the other side bare"), offering some scientific heft to balance the artistry and poetry of the preceding pages. Ages 3-8. Agent: Emily Mitchell, Wernick & Pratt. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481459167 In brief, simple poetic phrases (sometimes only two words per page) and stunning photos, Sayre celebrates snow in its many forms. Forest animals make appearances, but it is the exquisite close-up pictures of frost, snowflakes, and ice that steal the show. Teachers should gladly add this companion to Raindrops Roll to their science/nature and poetry units. Further information is included at book's end. Reading list. (c) Copyright 2017. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2017
Bubonic Panic
Book Jacket   Gail Jarrow
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781620917381 In her third book in this trilogy (Red Madness; Fatal Fever), Jarrow focuses on the nineteenth century, when the bubonic plague reared its ugly head in places like Hong Kong, Honolulu, and San Francisco. The thorough, fascinating treatment is complemented by a handsome design that includes numerous primary source artifacts. An exemplary contribution to the history of science and medicine. Timeline. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781620917381 Gr 5 Up-The arrival of bubonic plague in San Francisco in 1900 resulted in not only death but also fear, quarantine, and social upheaval. With the diligence of a detective, the awareness of a sociologist, and a novelist's flair for the dramatic, Jarrow investigates a terrifying period of U.S. history while also delving into the background of the disease. This compellingly designed, artfully written blend of science and history will enlighten as it entices. © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781620917381 Gr 5 Up-With a mesmerizing description of the suffering endured by bubonic plague victims, followed by several fascinatingly gruesome photographs depicting visible signs of the disease, Jarrow hooks readers from the start. This final installment of the author's "Deadly Disease" trilogy is as compelling as the first two titles, Red Madness: How a Medical Mystery Changed What We Eat (2014) and Fatal Fever: Tracking Down Typhoid Mary (2015, both Boyds Mills). Before describing the chaos the plague wrought on American shores, Jarrow recounts major plague outbreaks throughout history as well as early bacteriological advances, such as the identification by French scientist Alexandre Yersin of the microbe responsible for the bubonic plague. The plague arrived in the port city of San Francisco in 1900 and claimed its first victim in Chinatown, a neighborhood near the wharves. Chinatown was quickly quarantined by the Board of Health, but with California Governor Henry T. Gage denying the existence of plague and Chinese officials bucking against perceived discrimination, tensions rose and containment efforts failed. Eventually Rupert Blue of the Marine-Hospital Service was brought in by the surgeon general to control the outbreak. When the plague returned to San Francisco in 1907 after the devastating earthquake of 1906, Blue came back. By this time scientists had determined that the fleas on rats were responsible for transmitting the plague, and the city mobilized to curtail the rat population, successfully containing the outbreak in a matter of months. Weaving in numerous photographs and newspaper clippings, Jarrow tells an absorbing story. VERDICT Nonfiction that reads like a thriller-not to be missed.-Ragan O'Malley, Saint Ann's School, Brooklyn, NY © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781620917381 If the term bubonic plague conjures up images of medieval Europe, this disquieting book will shift your frame of reference a little closer to home: San Francisco in the early 1900s. Jarrow looks at plague throughout history and medical research into its causes, before zeroing in on its resurgence in the late nineteenth century, when it arose in Asia and reached Honolulu. She offers a detailed portrayal of its medical and social consequences when it struck in California, initially in San Francisco's Chinatown. Thoroughly researched and clearly presented, the text offers a direct window into the period. The intertwined themes of prejudice against Asian Americans, public health officials hampered by politicians, and mistrust of scientific research (which indicated that fleas carried plague from rodents to humans) make the story complex, revealing a good deal about human nature as well as the period and the disease itself. In addition to the many well-chosen period photos and prints, the illustrations include a few color photos of plague-ridden bodies. An informative book on an unusual topic.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2016 Booklist
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781620917381 Jarrow concludes her Deadly Diseases trilogy (after Red Madness and Fatal Fever) with a harrowing, in-depth exploration of the reappearance of bubonic plague at the turn of the 20th century. After briefly detailing earlier outbreaks of plague, Jarrow focuses on the Third Pandemic, which began in 1880s China before spreading to India, Hawaii, San Francisco, and beyond. Augmented by archival illustrations and photographs (including some gruesome ones showing the effects of the plague), her gripping narrative balances the clock-racing work of scientists and officials attempting to understand and stop the plague with entwined themes of fear, prejudice, and anger ("San Francisco's Chinese population had been unlucky enough to live near the harbor where plague entered the city"). Extensively researched, with numerous resources for readers looking to study the topic further. Ages 10-up. (May) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
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2016
About Habitats: Polar Regions.
 Cathryn Sill
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781561458325 This picture-book introduction to polar areas sets the stage with three round maps of Earth: one centered on the equator, another on the Arctic, and a third on Antarctica. Each right-hand page in the book's main section features a large, distinctive watercolor painting of wildlife in the Arctic or Antarctic, while the facing page carries a brief identification of the locale and any animals pictured, as well as a line or two of simply written text pertaining to the scene. Some creatures are shown on snow or tundra, while others are in the air, beneath the sea, or (in cross-sectional scenes) hibernating in underground dens or tunneling beneath the snow. In the afterword, each picture appears in miniature along with additional information on the animals and other features shown, such as permafrost and the aurora australis (southern lights). Given the demand for informational picture books on Arctic and Antarctic regions and their wildlife, libraries will find this a particularly useful addition to the Sills' handsome About Habitats series.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781561458325 K-Gr 2-In the most recent addition to this series, the husband-and-wife team cover the Arctic and Antarctica. The author's experience as an elementary teacher is evident in her ability to explain complex topics in simple but never condescending text. The verso features a fairly general explanatory statement, while the recto contains a beautifully painted watercolor, labeled with the name of the plant or animal species depicted. The book opens with a map, while the back matter includes more in-depth information about the flora and fauna portrayed. VERDICT A solid read-aloud to introduce young children to this area of the world.-Maggie Chase, Boise State University, ID © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781561458325 One simple sentence of text faces a detailed full-page painting of a feature (e.g., a narwhal, Antarctic hair grass) of a polar region, both Arctic and Antarctic. Each numbered plate corresponds to an afterword containing a paragraph about the feature and further information. Easily accessible initially, the information expands with the reader's skill; repeating labels would improve coordination of text and afterword. Websites. Bib., glos. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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  Book Jacket
2016
Ada Byron Lovelace and the Thinking Machine
 Laurie Wallmark
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Two hundred years after her birth in 1815, the world is finally beginning to pay attention to Ada Byron Lovelace, considered by many to be the inventor of computer programming. Computer scientist and debut author Wallmark introduces her subject as a child fascinated by numbers, lucky enough to be born to a geometry-loving mother with the means and inclination to nurture her daughter's talents. She focuses on her subject's adolescence, choosing details that highlight Lovelace's development as a mathematical genius. The girl sketches models for flying machines, works endless calculations to compute the wings' poweryoung readers will sympathize as they hear how "writing for so long made her fingers hurt"and studies a toy boat to see how minute adjustments to its sails affect its speed. A bout of measles that leaves her temporarily blind and paralyzed serves to further hone her brilliance, as her mother drills her with math problems. She is perfectly positioned for her fateful meeting with Charles Babbage, whose proposed Analytical Engine prompts her to write the algorithm (described as "a set of mathematical instructions") that becomes the world's very first computer program. Chu's illustrations, digitally colored in a deep, jewel-toned palette, accompany the lively prose. Lovelace is a Pre-Raphaelite beauty set against a backdrop of teeming Victorian interiors littered with diagrams and pages of figures; children will enjoy spotting the girl's loyal cat. A splendidly inspiring introduction to an unjustly overlooked woman. (author's note, timeline, bibliography) (Picture book/biography. 5-8) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781939547200 Gr 1-4-This well-written and handsomely illustrated picture book biography details how Ada Lovelace Byron was able to write the first computer program more than 100 years before the first computer was built. Ever since she was a young girl, Lovelace was fascinated by numbers. As she was growing up, she filled her journals with ideas for inventions and equations. Her mother provided tutors to further develop Lovelace's passion for mathematics. When one of these tutors invited Lovelace and her mother to a gathering of scientists, she met the famous mathematician and inventor Charles Babbage. He was so impressed by Lovelace's knowledge that he invited her to his laboratory, where she learned about his idea for an Analytical Engine, a mechanical computer that would solve difficult problems by working them through step-by-step. She realized that this "computer" would only work if it were provided with detailed instructions, and after much work, she succeeded in writing what is now referred to as the first computer program and in creating the profession of computer programming. The descriptive text and dazzling spreads work seamlessly to provide a sense of Lovelace's growing passion for mathematics and invention. The illustrations reflect the 19th-century setting and contain numerous supporting details. For example, gears that will eventually become part of the design of the Analytic Engine are featured throughout: in the corners of the title page, on the pages of Ada's journals, and on Babbage's chalkboard. VERDICT An excellent addition to STEM collections.-Myra Zarnowski, City University of New York © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781939547200 *Starred Review* Although her father, the Romantic poet Lord Byron, was bewitched by language, it was numbers that captured Ada Byron Lovelace's imagination. Raised by her mother, known as the Princess of Parallelograms for her passion for geometry, young Ada filled journals with invention ideas, particularly a flying machine. When the measles left Ada blind and paralyzed for years, her mother kept her mind sharp with number problems. And, of course, Ada dreamed of her flying machine. A healthier, teenage Ada was tutored by the accomplished female mathematician Mary Fairfax Somerville, and she was introduced to Charles Babbage and his Difference Machine, a revolutionary calculator. Despite their age difference (she 17 and he 41), Ada was considered an equal, and Babbage asked for her help with his Analytical Engine, a mechanical computer. As she spent months creating an algorithm for the machine, she developed a new profession: computer programming. Soft, delicate yet detailed illustrations evoke Ada's wonder and accomplishments, with a final spread depicting a spacecraft a flying machine come true running a computer language called Ada in her honor. Back matter offers more information on Ada's life and the world's first computer program. A beautiful tribute to this female computer pioneer.--Leeper, Angela Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
After the Ashes
Book Jacket   Sara K. Joiner
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780823434411 Joiner uses the devastating 1883 eruption of the volcano Krakatau as the basis of her first book. When readers meet 13-year-old Katrien Courtlandt, she is writing an admiring letter to Charles Darwin from her home in Java, where she has just finished reading On the Origin of Species. In her spare time, she collects beetles to contribute to his research, but her father and aunt-believing she has become too unladylike and unsociable-limit her time in the jungle, try to teach her how to run a household, and encourage her to spend time with a "polite and kind" girl named Brigitta, rather than her native friend Slamet. When Krakatau erupts, ash fall and tsunamis wipe out the majority of the population of Katrien's town, claiming the lives of many close to her; Katrien and Brigitta form a reluctant partnership, which transforms into a friendship. Joiner's story is slow to start, but once the eruption and its aftermath are underway, it shifts into a breakneck, and often heartbreaking, coming-of-age survival story. Ages 10-up. Agent: Carrie Pestritto, Prospect Agency. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823434411 In 1883 Java, after the eruption of Krakatau and the tsunami, rival colonist girls Katrien and Brigitta must endure the harsh tragedy of their circumstances (including death of family members) to survive. Strong-willed aspiring scientist Katrien's obsession with Darwin proves helpful but feels forced at times. Some impacts of Dutch East Indies colonialism are cursorily addressed in the story. An author's note adds historical details. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823434411 Gr 4-6-Based on the catastrophic explosion of the volcano island Krakatoa in 1883, Joiner's historical novel tells the story of 13-year-old Katrien, a Dutch girl who has spent her entire life in the Dutch East Indies. She feels most at home exploring the jungle with her best friend, Slamet, an indigenous boy, and collecting beetles to prove Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Katrien is also close to her father, who has encouraged her interest in the natural world, until recently when he seems to have joined forces with Tante Greet to teach Katrien to become "a productive member of society." After a series of events, both in the natural world and in Katrien's close-knit community, which foreshadow the impending disaster, Krakatoa erupts, leaving Katrien alone to navigate the destruction and chaos on her beloved island. She joins forces with another survivor, Brigitta Burkart, who had been Katrien's closest friend until Brigitta's 10th birthday when the two girls dramatically parted ways. Alone in the jungle with all familiar markings washed away by destructive waves, the girls make their way through realistically portrayed scenes of human loss, come to terms with their youthful misjudgments, and realize that their survival depends on mutual trust and collaboration. VERDICT Recommend this adventurous and often heart-stopping novel to fans of Katherine Rundell's Cartwheeling in Thunderstorms (S. & S., 2014) and Andrea Davis Pinkney's The Red Pencil (Little, Brown, 2014).-Shelley Sommer, Inly School, Scituate, MA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Joiner's debut novel draws readers in with familiar themes but raises the stakes by setting it during one of modern history's most violent natural disastersthe eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883. Born in the Dutch East Indies, Katrien Courtlandt is Dutch by ancestry but Javanese by all other accounts. Katrien struggles to fit into the mold of a 13-year-old Dutch girl and would much rather be exploring the jungle with her best friend, indigenous boy Slamet, than learning how to sew from Tante Greet, who is trying to groom her into the perfect Dutch lady. Her carefree days end when Mount Krakatau erupts, spewing ash across the sky and snatching everything dear to herher father, her aunt, her friend, and her home. As fate would have it, Katrien is thrown together with her nemesis, Brigitta, and the rivals must overcome their differences to survive not just the loss of their families, but also deadly tsunamis and extreme thirst and hunger. Despite contrived speech patterns (why do indigenous people speak Dutch translated into broken English and "in a thick accent" generations after the Dutch arrived?) and inaccuracies (a "kampong" is a village not a thatched cottage, and the so-called Javanese language used is actually Bahasa Indonesia), the story is saved by an intriguing, if at times incredible, storyline. Despite cultural slips, this heart-rending story of love and loss, family ties, and friendship will keep readers hooked till the end. (Historical fiction. 10-15) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780823434411 In 1883, 13-year-old Katrien lives with her father, a Dutch official, and her aunt in an island town within sight of a volcanic island, Krakatau. Her former friend Brigitta and the other girls at school view her hobby of collecting insects with disgust, while she disdains their interest in boys and bustles and babies. But when the volcano erupts and tidal waves wipe out their community, Katrien and Brigitta must depend upon each other to survive a harrowing ordeal. A subplot involving Katrien's childhood friendship with an Indonesian boy raises issues related to social structure, class consciousness, and colonial power. The strongest part of the novel is the characterization of Katrien, which enables readers to believe that she could survive the catastrophic events that kill nearly everyone around her. In her first novel, Joiner brings together a great deal of historical background material related to the Dutch East Indies, relations between colonials and native Indonesians, and the eruption of the volcano. An absorbing adventure story with a vividly drawn setting.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Ancient Earth Journal: The Early Cretaceous: Notes, drawings, and observations from prehistory
Book Jacket   Juan Carlos Alonso
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781633220331 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals are presented as if on the pages of a naturalist's journal. Multiple sketches of each species provide details on anatomy, size, and behaviors, carefully combining artistic interpretation with known facts about the creature. Notes that explain conditions in the featured period (100144 million years ago) accompany the illustrations. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781633220331 Gr 3-6-Similar in tone to Henry Gee and Luis V. Rey's fictional A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs: The Essential Handbook for Travelers in the Mesozoic, this so-called journal includes facts and a great deal of guesswork. Presented as a paleontologist or explorer's field notebook, with color-washed pen and ink drawings, it is a "record of sightings and observations" during the early Cretaceous period. There's a bit of speculation here. For example, do we know Acrocanthosaurus was "solitary, very aggressive"? Probably the latter, as it was a large theropod, but did it "attack prey by biting the hindquarters"? It was found in Oklahoma, Texas, and Wyoming; was in the family Charcharodontosauridae; was big; and might very likely have looked like the tawny-washed illustrations and sketches stretching over four pages. But for young readers, this commingling of definitive fact and speculation can be misleading. However, the attractive design will spark children's imaginations. VERDICT Presenting current facts with a soupcon of creativity, this eye-catching title will be coveted by young dinophiles.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781633220331 The high-quality illustrations of this short but fascinating book are a sign of the expertise of the creators: Alonso is an artist and graphic designer, and Paul is an illustrator and researcher who worked on projects such as Jurassic Park. Though they cover only 19 dinosaurs (plus 2 early birds), they do give readers a good overview of life during the early Cretaceous period. The dinosaurs are organized into four suborders: theropods, sauropods, ornithischians, and pterosaurs. Each suborder's section offers examples of some of the dinosaurs it classifies and covers a range of sizes and scientific families. There are informational passages at the beginning of each section offering detailed descriptions of each suborder, but the real draw for budding paleontologists are the illustrations, which are realistic, in full color, and labeled, much like an old-fashioned nature journal. The only thing missing are details on how the artists developed their vision of each dinosaur, but that is a small quibble for a book that is sure to be popular with dinosaur-mad readers.--Wildsmith, Snow Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Two accomplished paleoartists invite armchair paleontologists to go eye to eye with 21 dinosaurs and flying reptiles. Each chosen dino is presented in a two- to four-page gallery of full-body color portraits supplemented with sepia close-ups of claws and maws. They range from toothy theropods like Carcharodontosaurus saharicusposed with jaws open, closed, and drenched in goreand towering sauropod Argentinosaurus huinculensis to Enaliornis barretti, an early bird. All are carefully identified and caught in natural poses with faint shadows but almost no other background detail. Nearly all gaze directly up at viewers with predatory or (if vegetarian) cautionary mien. Their physical details and brightly patterned, scaly hides are worked with fine-lined realism, and colors, particularly in feathers, glow iridescently. Each entry includes a tally of basic information, a select set of descriptive labels, and a scale drawing of the creature next to a (usually much smaller) human figure. Perhaps in an effort to add verisimilitude, though, the authors salt the captions and commentary with unsupported notes on "Temperament" and behavior ("Microraptor emits a high-pitched squawk"), nor do they cite any sources or leads to further information. Eye candy for both serious and casual dinophiles, with an admixture of facts and fancies. (pronunciation guide) (Nonfiction. 8-11) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
Animal Mouths
 Mary Holland
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781628555523 In this companion to Holland's Animal Eyes (2014), photographs and concise text examine the mouths belonging to hawks, butterflies, beavers, weasels, and other creatures. The layout is bare-bones, with white text dropped inelegantly onto the images, but Holland takes care to identify the 12 animals she photographs, while introducing pertinent vocabulary (molars, prey) and some enticing trivia (robber flies "use their piercing-sucking mouthparts to drink the [liquified] insides of their prey"). While nicely shot and framed, the photographs do a mixed job of actually showcasing the animals' mouths; supplemental images of certain animals' skulls help compensate, and back matter provides additional information, activities, and resources. Ages 4-8. (Apr.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781628555523 Close-up photographs accompany this discussion of a variety of animals' mouths. Different types of teeth, beaks, and mandibles are featured along with explanations of how each mouth and its unique components are best suited for each animal. Simple (but overly long in places) text makes this suitable for beginning nature enthusiasts. Back matter provides review and encourages further exploration. Glos. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Bilby: Secrets of an Australian Marsupial
 Edel Wignell
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763667597 With charm and appreciation for their full range of behaviors, Wignell conveys information about bilbies through the perspective of a growing baby bilby and the nocturnal movements of its mother as she forages for food in an Australian desert filled with predators and danger. Jackson's impressionistic brushstrokes and contrasting colors of the blue-tinged bilbies in the oranges of Australia emphasize their darting and twitching movements. Ind. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Birdology: 30 Activities and Observations for Exploring the World of Birds Young Naturalists
Book Jacket   Russo, Monica
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781613749494 This wide-format guide to everything avian is a great starting point for burgeoning bird-watchers. Each chapter offers a dizzying wealth of information about birds and their songs, field markings, beaks, wings, diet, behavior, habitats, and more. Russo also includes helpful activities encouraging basic observation skills that range from the exceedingly easy (listen to bird calls; look at different types of feathers) to the more complicated (build a bird feeder; plant a hummingbird garden; help prevent window collisions). A closing chapter on bird banding, wildlife rehabilitation, and conservancy, moreover, encourages kids to consider the environment and civilization's effects both positive and negative on bird populations and reminds them of the many current laws protecting birds. Though the chapter organization is a bit confusing and the sheer volume of facts about myriad types of birds would have benefited from even more illustrations, there is enough information and photos of birds in these pages not to mention the emphasis on recording observations, a cornerstone of many scientific disciplines that those drawbacks are fairly minimal. Nature lovers will likely have a field day.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2014 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781613749494 Gr 4-6-One way to address today's "nature deficit" is to focus on the birds outside almost every window. Observation activities set off in color text boxes are designed to develop observation skills and cultivate an understanding of bird behavior. Each chapter focuses on a different aspect of birds, such as field marks, beaks and feet, wings, eyes and nests, and more. Feathers make birds unique, and the first chapter describes the different kinds. Color photos of wing and tail feathers highlight their different shapes, and photographs of birds in flight show how the feathers function. One "Eyes Only" box explains that since picking up a wild bird feather is not only illegal but also not healthy, looking without touching is best. "Try This" boxes highlight such activities as bird feeding, walking like a heron, and building a small brush pile where birds can roost. One "Listen For" alerts novice bird observers to figure out different bird songs, calls and alarm signals, and the honking and quacking of birds in flight. An excellent glossary of "Bird Words" provides definitions, and the four-page index differentiates pictures from text with italics. Beautifully illustrated with full color photographs and sketches, this is sure to create new bird watchers.-Frances E. Millhouser, formerly at Fairfax County Public Library, VA (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A longtime nature columnist invites young people to use their eyes, ears, hands and minds to learn about birds. More than an introduction, this is an immersion in the world of birding. Chapter by chapter, the author discusses field marks, beaks and feet, wings, eyes and nests, habitats, feeding, migration, and ways to protect and nurture birds. Each chapter also includes directions for activities: things to look and listen for, things to make and do. The author's stated aim is "to foster independent study by careful observation and hands-on activities." While many of the birds described and pictured are labeled, the focus isn't naming but what else readers might learn through close attention. Her lengthy text is full of information, presented in a chatty, conversational way that often directly addresses readers: "By now you might be confused." While the author adds interesting facts about birds from faraway places, she's mostly discussing birds that will be familiar to residents of the United States and southern Canada. (Both author and photographer live in Maine.) She even suggests observing chickens. The activities are relatively simple and could easily be done independently or as a family or class project. For older readers or adults who hope to encourage young nature watchers, a thorough and interesting exploration. (Nonfiction. 9 up) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
Call of the Osprey
Book Jacket   Dorothy Hinshaw Patent
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232686 Gr 5-8-Patent's lucid prose and Muñoz's clear color photos work together to document the efforts of the Montana Osprey Project, which studies the negative effects of toxic metals released into the environment during mining operations on these raptors. The book follows three scientists-Erick Greene, Heiko Langner, and Rob Domenech-as they study established pairs during the nesting season. They band osprey chicks, take blood samples and feather clippings for chemical analysis, fit birds with electronic transmitters to follow their wanderings, scoop silt from riverbeds to check for pollutants, and focus two webcams on osprey nests to check on parenting skills and chick development. The trio also talk with wildlife biology students and cooperate with locals who are fascinated by ospreys. Sidebars abound on a wide variety of topics, many pertaining to the ospreys: their biology, food, nesting behaviors, and migration patterns. Others include biographical background on the three scientists, an article on a young student and her experiments on fish in metal-contaminated waters, and information about the use of mercury in mining operations and the dangers that baling twine poses to nest building ospreys. An extensive author's note describes Patent's experience with some very far-flung pollution. VERDICT An exciting addition to a stellar series.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232686 Readers learn basic osprey information from Montana Osprey Project scientist Erick Greene's presentation to a high school group. Patent thoroughly describes the raptors' behaviors as well as field and laboratory research conducted by the scientists. The pages are filled with current and historical photographs; biographical sketches of scientists and students; and details about the region's ecological history. Reading list, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544232686 From the Scientists in the Field series, this handsome volume introduces the Montana Osprey Project, beginning with an empty nest. Awaiting the annual return of the ospreys, it sits on a platform atop a tall pole. Nearby, Patent and Muñoz watch as a roofing truck lifts two scientists up to adjust a webcam aimed at the nest. Well researched and clearly written, the text offers plenty of information about ospreys in the area and the work of the scientists who study them. They band the chicks, take blood and feather samples, and track pollutants in the local environment, where heavy metals can sometimes be traced to runoff from old mines. Sidebars tackle topics such as Superfund sites, DDT, and the hazards of plastic baling twine in osprey nests. One engaging, diarylike feature pairs written observations with photos of the adult birds, their eggs, and the chicks as they grow and prepare to fly. Illustrated with many fine color photos, this is a solid addition to science collections.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Ospreys, severely affected by DDT in the 1960s, now serve as indicators for the success of pollution remediation on a Superfund cleanup site. Scientists from the Montana Osprey Project invite the public to share their enthusiasm for these amazing raptors, bringing young people to visit the nests and maintaining two webcams while carrying on the work of collecting and analyzing samples of blood and feathers from osprey chicks along the Clark Fork River. Patent introduces the birds and the project, explaining environmental issues resulting from mining in the Clark Fork area, various dangers for ospreys, and the research. A chapter of osprey observations done through Web cameras, watching two pairs raise their chicks, is followed by an explanation of the problem of mercury and then a description of the attachment of transmitters to these birds to research migration patterns. There's a great deal of information crammed into this title; many sidebars and special sections interrupt the exposition. Readers without a solid science background may have difficulty following the steps of data analysis. Libraries still holding Patent and Muoz's Ospreys (1993) will find that simpler title a helpful overview of the species, but this one demonstrates how studying these birds may help address some knottier scientific problems. More science than adventure, this is a challenging addition to the Science in the Field series. (Nonfiction. 12-16) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
Chocolate: Sweet Science and Dark Secrets of the Worlds Favorite Treat
 Kay Frydenborg
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544175662 Gr 6-8-This fascinating book presents a deep, multifaceted glimpse at a delectable dessert: chocolate. Engaging-even witty in places-and enlightening, it gives a history of the sweet treat, speculating about its little-known origins 1,500 years ago in the Upper Amazon Basin of South America, exploring its role in the European conquest of Central and South America, and discussing the dark side of chocolate: the use of slave labor to grow and harvest it. Frydenborg examines the development of chocolate as an industry in Europe and America in the 18th and 19th centuries. The book also goes into the science of the confection, such as why it's considered so tasty and its potential health benefits. Along the way, Frydenborg seamlessly weaves in information about relevant historical figures, including confectioner Milton S. Hershey; Russian scientist Nikolai Vavilov, who traced the origins of the cacao tree; and explorers such as Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizzaro. Photographs enhance readers' understanding, though the recipes and sidebars are occasionally distracting. Robert Burleigh's celebrated Chocolate: Riches from the Rainforest (Abrams, 2002), aimed at elementary school students, is better designed, but those looking for a more detailed history for an older audience would do well to consult Frydenborg's work. VERDICT An excellent and highly original addition to history collections.-Shauntee Burns-Simpson, New York Public Library, Staten Island (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780544175662 Frydenborg (Wild Horse Scientists) examines the considerable impact, both good and bad, that chocolate and the cacao tree have had and continue to have on cultures around the globe in this wide-ranging treatment of the subject. Primarily a chronological history of the tropical plant and its deliciously addictive by-products, the fascinating, fast-moving narrative also delves into the socioeconomic, scientific, and culinary importance of the cacao bean. Recipes, from Aztec foaming chocolate to Toll House cookies, conclude many of the 13 chapters, which include "Tree of Myth and Money" and "Candy, Food, or Medicine?" A full-color insert includes photos of the tree itself and modern-day Peruvian cacao farmers, as well as reproductions of artwork depicting Mesoamerican people and events touched by chocolate. With a rise in social justice, sustainable food sourcing, and global warming, the author considers how the crop might benefit the Amazonian rainforest and its native peoples: "Could chocolate be the key to preserving this precious, threatened ecosystem and to helping people whose livelihood depends on it?" A bibliography, website list, and time line conclude this expansive chocolate primer. Ages 12-up. (Apr.)? © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544175662 Frydenborg explores chocolate's complex history, from the cacao tree's probable origins to today's Big Candy, without sugarcoating the sweet's "dark secrets." The book closes by covering modern-day attempts to make chocolate production more sustainable and ethical. Informative sidebars, photos and maps, and historical recipes interspersed throughout, plus a full-color photographic insert, enhance the presentation. Timeline, websites. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544175662 The history of chocolate is a troubling one, riddled as it is with slavery, exploitation, and risky environmental practices, and the food itself, particularly its health benefits, is often a source of mystery. Frydenborg sets out to untangle that mystery, beginning with chocolate's vital role in ancient Mesoamerican culture, its discovery by conquistadores, and its eventual worldwide popularity. Today, as demand for chocolate starts to outpace supply, scientists and growers are seeking out ways to adopt more sustainable cultivation practices as well as searching for wild cacao trees, which might offer clues about the plant's origin. Covering controversy over labor laws, the chemical makeup of chocolate, and recent attempts to map the cacao genome, Frydenborg offers a wealth of information that will likely encourage students to think critically about the ecological and human cost of their favorite candies and maybe even prompt them to choose sustainable alternatives. This is a great choice for school projects or chocolate fans curious about their beloved treat.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Stories of ancient cultures, religion, conquest, slavery, privilege, invention, medicine, culinary experimentation, science and more are all confected together in this flavorful, richly textured historical chronicle of chocolate.Once confined to religious rituals and royalty, consumption of chocolate is now an $83 billion worldwide business, with the average European eating 24 pounds per year and the average U.S. citizen, 11 pounds per year. Frydenborg begins this fascinating history in Mesoamerica, where cocoa beans were used as currency; it was so valuable that its consumption was reserved for emperors. The conquistadors brought cocoa to Europe, where its popularity grew quickly among the privileged. With the decimation of indigenous populations thanks to European invaders, African slaves had to be imported for cocoa bean cultivation. The kind of chocolate we know today was developed through experimentation in the 19th century. We have the Swiss to thank for milk chocolate and the Dutch for the chocolate bar. The author lays it all out in a lively text punctuated by archival illustrations, photographs and sidebars, taking care to impress upon readers that even today, chocolate is more than just dessert. Its medicinal properties and applications have long been noted, as has its usefulness as a stimulant. A deliciously informative, engaging and sweeping chronicle of one of the most popular treats in the world. (timeline, bibliography, websites) (Nonfiction. 12-18) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544175662 Gr 6-8-This fascinating book presents a deep, multifaceted glimpse at a delectable dessert: chocolate. Engaging-even witty in places-and enlightening, it gives a history of the sweet treat, speculating about its little-known origins 1,500 years ago in the Upper Amazon Basin of South America, exploring its role in the European conquest of Central and South America, and discussing the dark side of chocolate: the use of slave labor to grow and harvest it. Frydenborg examines the development of chocolate as an industry in Europe and America in the 18th and 19th centuries. The book also goes into the science of the confection, such as why it's considered so tasty and its potential health benefits. Along the way, Frydenborg seamlessly weaves in information about relevant historical figures, including confectioner Milton S. Hershey; Russian scientist Nikolai Vavilov, who traced the origins of the cacao tree; and explorers such as Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizzaro. Photographs enhance readers' understanding, though the recipes and sidebars are occasionally distracting. Robert Burleigh's celebrated Chocolate: Riches from the Rainforest (Abrams, 2002), aimed at elementary school students, is better designed, but those looking for a more detailed history for an older audience would do well to consult Frydenborg's work. VERDICT An excellent and highly original addition to history collections.-Shauntee Burns-Simpson, New York Public Library, Staten Island © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Dirty Rats?
 Darrin Lunde
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781580895668 Few animals are as maligned as rats, something mammal specialist Lunde knows well. "Dirty rats. Their beady eyes and naked tails make us scream. Eek! Aargh! Yikes!" he writes as a frightened woman in hair curlers tries to sweep rats off her apartment's fire escape. Lunde sets out to challenge misconceptions about these ubiquitous rodents, while introducing different rats from around the world, pointing out how they vary significantly from those seen in urban subway stations ("Not all rats have ugly, naked tails. The bushy-tailed cloud rat's tail is completely covered in fur"). Readers learn how rats scatter seeds that enable plants to grow and how laboratory rats help find cures for disease. Gustavson's typically lush oil paintings do their part to help sway opinions-his sewer rats come across as intelligent, curious, and even adorable. Ages 3-7. Illustrator's agent: Abigail Samoun, Red Fox Literary. (Feb.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580895668 Rats spread disease, but there's a positive side, too: some "help plants spread their seeds," and rats are a vital part of the food chain. Double-page oil paintings introduce various species around the world; the brief text mentions physical adaptations to different habitats. The presentation lacks depth, but given the subject, that might draw in rat-phobic readers. Websites. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580895668 Lunde starts out this closer shudder look at rats just how you might expect: in grimy subway tunnels and moonlit gutters, where rats swarm and scurry in the night. Rats are hated, hunted, trapped, and feared, and we see a harried woman bashing rats from her fire escape and rats approaching a skull-labeled mousetrap. But then Lunde, rat-apologist extraordinaire, suggests a broader view. Not all rats eat garbage; some, like the long-tailed marmoset rat, eat strictly bamboo. It continues from there: not all rats live in sewer pipes; some live in rivers. Not all rats scurry; some hop like a kangaroo. In smaller type, additional scientific information fills out further details about each atypical rat mentioned. Of course, none of this is quite enough to make rats cuddly, though there is a somewhat comical hard-luck-life expression in many of Gustavson's otherwise realistic oil depictions. The colors are especially evocative: the streaky browns of a tunnel, the steel blue of a street at night, the dark purple of mountain twilight. Rats: useful! Still kinda gross, though.--Kraus, Daniel Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Egg
Book Jacket   Robin Page
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. With their characteristic design and choice of intriguing details, this prolific author-illustrator pair introduces "nature's perfect package": the egg.An egg-shaped introduction encapsulates the main ideas of this latest offering in a series of titles exploring nature's wonders. Almost every animal begins life in an egg. Some, like human eggs, are nurtured internally, but many more develop outside. Eggs come in an astonishing variety of shapes, sizes, colors and numbers and are tended to in myriad ways or simply strewn, developing on their own. All contain what's necessary to form and nurture the new creature. Spread by spread readers learn about the range of egg layers, egg sizes, how many are lain and where, egg eaters, egg protection, packaging, carrying, incubation and emergence. A final spread looks inside the eggs of a chicken and alligator as each creature develops over time, in five stages from embryo to hatchling. Text in the upper-left corner of each spread presents the topic. Realistic torn- and cut-paper images set on a plain white background are identified and explained in short paragraphs. The backmatter includes thumbnails and further information about the 54 egg-laying creatures picturedfrom slugs and simple animals through insects, spiders, fish, amphibians and birds, plus two mammals (the mongoose and the platypus). Appealing, accessible and accurate, this is another admirable creation. (additional reading) (Informational picture book. 4-9) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780547959092 This attractive volume looks at animals that lay eggs, the qualities of those eggs, and how the parents protect, package, carry, and incubate them. Presented on two-page and four-page spreads, each topic begins with a brief discussion, several pictures showing different species, and informative captions. This approach offers a sense of the many, varied, and sometimes surprising ways that species have developed to deal with common issues. For example, where do they lay their eggs? Yes, a nest (cowbird) is one option. But so is a bare branch (white tern), water (horned starfish), a carnivorous pitcher plant (black-spotted sticky frog), or a spider's abdomen (spider wasp). Near the end of the book, parallel panels of illustrations show a chicken and an alligator developing inside their respective eggs. Created from cut and torn papers with interesting coloration and textures, Jenkins' distinctive illustrations show up well against the white backgrounds. This intriguing presentation will be an asset to many kindergarten and primary-grade classes.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2010 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780547959092 Gr 2-4-Jenkins and Page present a collection of facts about animals and their eggs. The layout is divided into spreads that present a different topic ("Where should I lay my eggs?" "Egg Packaging") in an introductory paragraph. That's followed by several examples ("Incubation" describes the male emperor penguin, which keeps eggs warm in a brood pouch), accompanied by beautiful illustrations rendered in Jenkins's trademark cut-and-torn paper collages, scattered across the page, leaving the copious amount of white space characteristic of this team's style. Some cases tend toward the grotesque (readers learn that the spider wasp stings a spider, lays her eggs on its body, and leaves it as food for her hatchlings), but all are presented in a purely scientific, factual tone. A diagram at the beginning of the book gives readers a look at the actual sizes of different eggs (a tarantula's, a leopard frog's, a scorpion fish's). The work concludes with cross-sectional diagrams of chicken and alligator eggs, showing the interior at different stages of development. There's also a list of very brief facts about each of the animals pictured. VERDICT Like Jenkins and Page's other works, this delightful purchase combines big, bold illustrations with intriguing science. A solid addition to the 590s.-Jill Ratzan, I. L. Peretz Community Jewish School, Somerset, NJ © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780547959092 Brief, clear paragraphs introduce each section of this exposition of "Nature's Perfect Package," including "Egg Layers," "Egg Eaters," and "Incubation." Attention to details such as scale and color inform the labeled torn- and cut-paper collage illustrations; captions are focused, helpful, and interesting. A final double-spread compares the internal development of a chicken and an alligator egg. Additional species facts appended. Reading list. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Emu
Book Jacket   Claire Saxby
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763674793 The life cycle and habits of emus are told through the story of a male emu raising his young in an Australian eucalyptus forest (female emus depart after egg-laying). Spiky digital illustrations perfectly display the birds' hairlike feathering, their awkward-looking flightless movement, and the landscape's rough textures. On each spread, additional statistics and facts about emus accompany the main narrative. Ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763674793 K-Gr 3-This attractive picture book takes a look at emus, those strange-looking, flightless birds native to Australia. Byrne's sketchy, digitally created illustrations perfectly capture the essence of these scraggly birds, and the panoramic scenes of the Australian outback in the neutral tones of an arid savannah bring depth to the book. Saxby's simple text is ideal for curious readers. Each spread includes bits of a story about one particular bird, Emu, as well as basic animal facts. The narrative follows Emu as he watches over a brood of eggs, keeps them safe, and eventually raises his young (Saxby explains that emu fathers are the primary parents, as the mothers leave after laying eggs). VERDICT A strong choice for the 590s.-Dorcas Hand, Annunciation Orthodox School, Houston, TX © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780763674793 After Emu's mate lays her final egg and departs, he keeps the eggs safe and warm in their leafy ground nest for eight weeks, rarely leaving even to eat or drink. Finally, the eggs hatch. Emu guards the curious chicks and shows them how to find food. As they grow over the next six months, he guards them from predators. In one dramatic incident, he fights off an attacking eagle with his beak and claws. In this picture book first published in Australia, the story of Emu and his young family is printed in standard type as a read-aloud story, while small-type paragraphs in a hand-lettered font provide additional information related to elements in the narrative. A short index and a page of additional emu-related information are appended. A bit darker and edgier than standard picture-book illustrations of animals, the digital artwork is distinctive and handsome in its own way. A fine companion volume to Saxby and Byrne's Big Red Kangaroo (2015).--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2010 Booklist
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2016
Eyewitness Explorer: Nature Ranger
 DK
  Book Jacket
2016
The Fantastic Ferris Wheel: The Story of Inventor George Ferris
 Betsy Harvey Kraft
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781627790727 Nineteenth-century engineer George Ferris wanted to contribute something breathtaking to the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, and this beautifully crafted picture book shows readers how, in spite of widespread doubts, he came to design the world's first, enormous Ferris wheel. Salerno's multimedia art shows Ferris' boyhood fascination with water wheels, details of his design process, and the enthusiasm of the World's Fair attendees taking a ride. Kraft packs a lot of historical information into her narrative without overpowering the exciting story of Ferris fulfilling his thrilling dream, and the lasting influence his designs have had on the world. Excellent as a research source or an addition to STEM curriculum, this volume is likely to interest readers who delight in building and designing, and maybe even those who are timid about amusement-park rides. This kid-friendly resource is a solid choice for collections in need of thrill-ride histories or engineering and invention titles. Pair with Kathryn Gibbs Davis' Mr. Ferris and His Wheel (2014) for more freewheeling fun.--Goldsmith, Francisca Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781627790727 Gr 1-3-The planners of the 1893 Chicago World's Fair were looking for a spectacular, extraordinary, and never-before-seen attraction that would draw in huge crowds. The idea they eventually accepted was George Ferris's huge observation wheel-what we now call the Ferris wheel. An amazing and awe-inspiring crowd-pleaser, the wheel was 264 feet high and held 36 passenger cars, each of which could hold 60 passengers. This book chronicles the story of Ferris's invention, explains how he overcame the initial reluctance of the members of the fair committee, and describes the glorious success of the invention, despite a storm with gale-force winds that hit Chicago during the fair. The writing is crisp, clear, and descriptive, moving the story along at a quick pace. While the narrative flows smoothly, a number of thoughts and quotes attributed to Ferris are not documented. The book's strength are the dramatic, mixed-media illustrations, which capture the enormity of Ferris's wheel and its spectacular appearance when lit up at night, that steal the show. With an old-fashioned, vintage flavor perfect for the subject matter, these spreads accurately depict the wheel and Chicago in the 1800s-its buildings and its people. Pair with Kathryn Gibbs Davis's Mr. Ferris and His Wheel (HMH, 2014) for even more information about this remarkable invention. VERDICT A strong addition to book collections dealing with inventors and inventions and useful for discussing how written texts and illustrations work together.-Myra Zarnowski, City University of New York © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781627790727 Kraft and Salerno highlight the technical difficulties and skepticism that accompanied the creation of what's now known as the Ferris wheel as they profile inventor George Ferris. During preparations for the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago, Ferris presented designs for a steam engine-driven observation wheel with 36 passenger cars. Many doubted the plausibility (and safety) of such a mechanism, but on May 1, the wheel welcomed its first passengers to soaring success. Salerno's precisely drafted illustrations give a solid sense of the era, including intricate renderings of Chicago architecture and the construction of the wheel, while Kraft creates a genuine suspense in the lead-up to its debut. Ages 5-9. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781627790727 This absorbing picture-book biography of the engineer and inventor focuses on the design, construction, and success of his twenty-six-story observation wheel at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, later known as the Ferris wheel. Young readers will be drawn into Salerno's energetic, bright mixed-media illustrations, which strike the perfect balance between wonder, technical detail, and historical accuracy. "More About George Ferris" is appended. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Fire Birds: Valuing Natural Wildfires and Burned Forests
Book Jacket   Sneed B. Collard
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780984446070 Collard sets out to debunk the misconception that forest fires leave nothing but desolation in their wakes in this straightforward, informative book about bird life in the forest after a major burn. Opening on an ornithologist conducting field research, the text highlights numerous bird species that thrive in burned forests. Woodpeckers in particular seek out the wealth of beetle grubs in burned trees, and the cavities their nests leave behind are excellent, ready-made dwellings for other animals. Full-color photos of birds in charred trees and scientists in the field are interspersed among pages of large-print, clearly written text describing not only bird life but also the scientists' research process and the complicated ecology of managing forests after wildfires. Collard asserts that the majority of approaches to forest management everything from spending millions of dollars to prevent naturally occurring forest fires to turning swaths of forest into tree farms after a burn are not ecologically sound. Though some minor editing fumbles are irksome, the clear focus on ecology and critical-thinking skills is a plus.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780984446070 Gr 4-8-Blame it on Smokey the Bear and his "Only you can prevent forest fires!" campaign. We know today that the long-held U.S. Forest Service fire suppression policy led to a build-up of large amounts of dead wood and leaves, which, coupled with warmer temperatures and drier forests, has been responsible for some of the extreme fires witnessed in recent years. Adding to that information are the discoveries made by scientists studying these devastated areas, who have learned that various species flock to them and, in some cases, prefer them. In particular, Collard follows the work of Richard Hutto, a Montana ornithologist, who has been monitoring birds in charred landscapes since 1988. The book is both a look at the benefits of these potentially dangerous events of nature and an exploration of ecosystems that thrive in their wake. Wood-boring beetles that detect the infrared radiation emitted by fires arrive to lay eggs, and woodpeckers come to feast on the beetle larvae and nest. With a steady supply of food and fewer predators, avian young survive in greater numbers, and so it goes. The author also discusses private vs. public policy in response to forest fires and the questions surrounding the efficacy of salvage logging. Large print, glossy pages, and numerous full-page, up-close color photos of bird species add up to a handsome volume. VERDICT A book that will leave readers asking questions and challenging assumptions-and with a keener appreciation of our environment. A first purchase for most libraries.-Daryl Grabarek, School Library Journal © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780984446070 Beginning with a brief report lamenting wildfire danger and damage, Collard devotes the rest of the book to a contemporary, enlightened view of such fires, with specific birds as the main beneficiary of the resulting food and shelter. Salvage logging also receives thoughtful treatment as an economic boon but an ecological bust. Colorful nature photos illustrate the account. Reading list, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780984446070 Collard explores how a forest devastated by a fire slowly recuperates, focusing on the work of biologist Richard Hutto, who studies the birds that thrive in burned forests. Photographs of birds perched atop blackened tree trunks are striking and intriguing, as is the chronicle of Hutto's meticulous field work ("Dick discovered that birds don't just use or visit burned areas. Many birds depend on them"). Individual birds like the hairy woodpecker and mountain bluebird are profiled in sidebars, and a chart lists the birds that most frequently populate new burn areas. While Collard doesn't suggest that "we should let all fires run amuck," he challenges the practice of fire suppression, pointing to how the excess dead wood and vegetation have resulted in more extreme fires. The resounding message: forest fires offer an opportunity to learn more about nature's spectacular resilience. Ages 8-up. (Jan.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
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2016
Flying Cars: The True Story
Book Jacket   Andrew Glass
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780618984824 Gr 5-8-Despite the promises of movies such as Back to the Future II, most of us do not ride in flying cars as of 2015. Glass explains why not in this intriguing work of history. Readers learn about many intriguing airplane-car hybrids, such as the Airphibian, invented by Robert Fulton, who flew his vehicle at 110 miles per hour, landed it, single-handedly converted it into a car in under five minutes, then "drove the convertible proudly into Manhattan at a breezy 55 miles per hour." These stories of invention are undeniably appealing, although Glass's storytelling sometimes obscures the history, and extraneous details occasionally distract from the book's focus. The author does not explicitly define the difference between a flying car and a plane with wheels. This distinction only becomes clear after a few chapters, and readers may be put off by lengthy technical descriptions. While a brief glossary follows the text, terms like carburetor, piston, gondola, and horsepower are not defined. VERDICT This flawed but fascinating book is best suited to larger collections and communities with strong interest in cars or aviation.-Rachel Anne Mencke, St. Matthew's Parish School, Pacific Palisades, CA © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780618984824 The concept of the flying car is the automotive industry's white whale. For years dreamers, tinkerers, engineers, and entrepreneurs have envisioned not just an airplane but a vehicle that could easily toggle between road and air travel at the flip of a switch. As readers would expect, the quest to achieve this goal has been full of danger, folly, and failure. From the earliest concepts, which predate the invention of the modern car, to surprisingly feasible incarnations of the Airphibian and plans currently still in development, Glass chronicles attempts of varying success. Many engineers came close to achieving their goals, and Glass celebrates the process of learning from mistakes as some inventors watch their visions crash and burn and then return to the drawing board to make revisions. Packed with period photographs, artists' renderings, and advertising ephemera that highlight the progression of prototypes, Glass' story of an idiosyncratic corner of the history of flight has ample eye-catching visual appeal. A revealing history celebrating thinkers who are not easily deterred, either by popular opinion or outright disaster.--Anderson, Erin Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780618984824 In this enthusiastic overview, young readers are introduced to a number of attempts to create a car that could also serve as a viable aircraft. Each chronological entry discusses the technology of an inventor's attempted design; features diagrams and archival photos, advertisements, and media clips; and offers reasons these vehicles never really caught on. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Cars that fly? Only in stories like Harry Potter or Chitty Chitty Bang Bang or fantasy films, right? Nope, flying cars have been in existence since the beginning of the 1900s. Who knew? Author-illustrator Glass departs from the world of picture books (The Wondrous Whirligig, 2003, etc.) to apply his hand to long-form nonfiction. And what a high-flying job he has done. He devotes a chapter to each of 14 visionary men who believed they could prove that cars and planes could be fused into one flying machine. First was Gustave Whitehead, who designed a bird-shaped glider named the Condor in 1901; the last was Daniel Zuck, who predicted squadrons of commuters in Plane-Mobiles. The names of their machines were as imaginative as their inventions: Henry Ford's Sky Flivver, Harold Pitcairn's Autogiro, and Buckminster Fuller's Dymaxion car are just a sampling. The fascinating details of the dangers and difficulties each man faced read smoothly and engagingly. Glass' research is extensive and impeccable, and the archival black-and-white photos provide visual context. All in all, it's a tremendous narrative-nonfiction debut for a creator who's long been associated with the 32-page format. Start your engines and get ready to take off for an amazing read. (author's note, glossary, source notes, bibliography) (Nonfiction. 9-13) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
Food Engineering: From Concept to Consumer
 Michael Burgan
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780531218983 Gr 5-8-Thorough, accurate, and engaging, these titles explore four unique STEM-related careers and convey their importance through engrossing text and striking photographs. Including rich historical context and fun nods to the past, such as the print ad for Tang circa 1966, the volumes focus on the current state of each innovative profession while considering where each may be headed in the years to come. What makes this series stand out is its currency. Students will learn about cutting-edge technology, from cotton candy-flavored green grapes to 3-D printers that create food. Interviews with professionals provide firsthand information, while sidebars such as "Career Stats" fill readers in on median annual salary, projected job growth, required education, and more. Both features succeed in presenting an honest look at the realities associated with the careers. Graphics appear on every page and present visuals that support the text, and a brief time line highlighting advancements in the field begins every chapter. Even the design of the table of contents feels fresh and is perfectly in line with the forward-thinking scientists at the heart of these innovative professions. VERDICT Delightful and dynamic additions. © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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  Book Jacket
2016
The Fruits We Eat
 Gail Gibbons
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823432042 K-Gr 3-Gibbons, the author of The Vegetables We Eat (Holiday House, 2007), now turns her attention to fruit. She begins by stating the importance of incorporating it into a healthy diet, the difference between annual and perennial varieties, and various ways to consume them (fresh, juices, sauces). The author provides details about how fruits grow: on plants, bushes, trees, and vines. Each section contains an informative, eye-catching heading; succinctly presented text; and delightful, cheery watercolor illustrations. Gibbons depicts examples of fruits that grow on different kinds of vegetation (for instance, pineapple plants, cherry trees), provides labeled cutaways of their parts, and describes how they are harvested. Readers learn the differences between wild and cultivated berries and what parts of various fruits are planted to produce more. The text also briefly covers large industrial farms and small fruit growers, fruit processing and transportation, and the fresh produce available in stores and farm stands. Kids will learn some surprising facts (for instance, olives are fruits), and a trivia section at the end may encourage further research. Stoke children's enthusiasm by pairing this useful overview with April Pulley Sayre's rousing Go, Go Grapes!: A Fruit Chant (S. & S., 2012). VERDICT A charming addition to nutrition and food units.-Marianne Saccardi, Children's Literature Consultant, Greenwich, CT (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823432042 With short, simple sentences, Gibbons presents an overview of fruit, discussing why we eat it; how it's grouped according to the type of plant it grows on, such as vines, trees, or bushes; and how it is grown, harvested, and shipped. The bright illustrations feature boxed diagrams, often with cross sections, that label the parts of many fruits. Websites. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823432042 K-Gr 3-Gibbons, the author of The Vegetables We Eat (Holiday House, 2007), now turns her attention to fruit. She begins by stating the importance of incorporating it into a healthy diet, the difference between annual and perennial varieties, and various ways to consume them (fresh, juices, sauces). The author provides details about how fruits grow: on plants, bushes, trees, and vines. Each section contains an informative, eye-catching heading; succinctly presented text; and delightful, cheery watercolor illustrations. Gibbons depicts examples of fruits that grow on different kinds of vegetation (for instance, pineapple plants, cherry trees), provides labeled cutaways of their parts, and describes how they are harvested. Readers learn the differences between wild and cultivated berries and what parts of various fruits are planted to produce more. The text also briefly covers large industrial farms and small fruit growers, fruit processing and transportation, and the fresh produce available in stores and farm stands. Kids will learn some surprising facts (for instance, olives are fruits), and a trivia section at the end may encourage further research. Stoke children's enthusiasm by pairing this useful overview with April Pulley Sayre's rousing Go, Go Grapes!: A Fruit Chant (S. & S., 2012). VERDICT A charming addition to nutrition and food units.-Marianne Saccardi, Children's Literature Consultant, Greenwich, CT © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. The prolific Gibbons tackles fruitshow they grow, their parts, and what portions we eat. Beginning with facts about perennial and annual fruits and how many servings children should aim for each day, the book then looks at how fruits can grow on plants, bushes, vines, and trees. Good vocabulary is introduced and defined along the waybotanist, pollination, cultivated. The middle of the book is taken up by individual looks at 13 different kinds of fruits that show cutaway views labeled with parts, the whole plant/bush/vine/tree, and some of the popular varietiesfor grapes, golden muscat, red flame, and concord. This is followed by a discussion of growing seasons and climates, large farms versus backyard ones, harvesting fruit and getting it to market, and some other fruits that were not featured in the text, including star fruits, apricots, and persimmons. A final page lists more fruit facts and two websites (one for the United States, one for Canada) about food guidelines. The text sometimes gets lost in Gibbons' busy and full pages, and while her illustrations are detailed and specific for each type of fruit, the watercolors won't make mouths water. This lacks the information of other nonfiction titles and the pizzazz of April Pulley Sayre's Go, Go, Grapes! (2012), but it may be just the ticket before a school trip to a farm. (Informational picture book. 4-8) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
The Great Monkey Rescue: Saving the Golden Lion Tamarins
Book Jacket   Sandra Markle
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781467780308 Gr 3-6-Markle brings to life the complex, decades-long work that scientists and volunteers around the world have done to save the golden lion tamarin from extinction. As the number of monkeys dwindled due to the destruction of Brazil's Atlantic Forest, zoos implemented breeding programs. However, they were unsuccessful until researchers realized how tamarins interact in family groups. Once the numbers increased, new challenges included how to prepare zoo-raised tamarins to survive in the wild and how to provide more habitat by reclaiming pasture land to create forest corridors. Numerous photographs of the golden lion tamarins and the humans working to insure their survival introduce readers to the lives of these intriguing monkeys. VERDICT Readers gain insights into the research, hard work, and patience involved in conservation efforts while learning about a fascinating animal. A fine choice for most collections.-Kathy Piehl, Minnesota State University Library, Mankato © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781467780308 Golden lion tamarins are small monkeys native to Brazil's Atlantic Forest. After centuries of logging and the encroachment of agriculture, roads, and towns, the tamarins' habitat has shrunk to a few disconnected patches of suitable forested land. The book opens with a young female who is isolated because the existing family groups in her patch of forest will not accept a second breeding female and the limited habitat will not support a new family. Attention shifts to the intriguing history of a 50-year-old movement to research tamarins, reverse the trend of their dwindling population, and enable them to thrive in the wild. Markle clearly explains the work of several scientists and acknowledges the contributions of committed Brazilians and their government to save the species through reforestation. Told in an engaging manner, the tamarin rescue story is enhanced by large, brilliant photos that appear on every page. From its endearing cover image onward, the book encourages readers to learn about this little-known species and care about its future.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781467780308 Once nearly extinct in the wild due to deforestation, golden lion tamarins have made a comeback in their native Brazilian rainforest through zoos reintroducing captive-born monkeys and people planting "living bridges" of trees to help the tamarins travel from one forest patch to another. Excellent photos, interesting text, and an inspiring message will engage readers. Reading list, timeline, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Markle chronicles the amazing efforts to save a tiny (and adorable) species. In 1960 there were only an estimated 200 golden lion tamarins in the wild. Their habitat along the coast of Brazil was being destroyed by logging. In 1975 there were about 122 in captivity, but they weren't breeding; when they did, the young died. After laying out this grim reality, the economical text goes on to describe how zoologist Devra Kleiman discovered that golden lion tamarins had a different family structure than chimps and other primates. When the tamarins were housed appropriately, their populations in captivity skyrocketed, reaching 500 in the '80s. Efforts then began to reintroduce them to the wild. Initial attempts failed, but mixing wild-born tamarins with zoo-born worked; then came the push to expand their available habitats. Markle does her usual excellent job presenting information in a page-turning narrative young zoologists will not be able to put down. Varied page layouts, vibrant photographs, and charming monkey mugs boost appeal. Contextual definitions of difficult or new concepts and fine backmatter, including further resources (both Web and print), a glossary, and a timeline, make this a must for nonfiction collections seeking more than just-the-facts series animal titles. An animal conservation tale with a happy ending (3,200 estimated in the wild today) and a must-read for monkey lovers. (index) (Nonfiction. 9-12) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
High Tide for Horseshoe Crabs
Book Jacket   Lisa Kahn Schnell
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896047 It's starting." This informative picture book deftly builds anticipation for the yearly spawning of the horseshoe crabs and the attendant migratory bird feast and scientific data collection. Realistic watercolor and pencil illustrations include mesmeric moonlit scenes, an endnote explains the crabs' importance to medical science, and helpful endpapers identify the crabs' body parts and their functions. Reading list, websites. Bib. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580896047 This nonfiction picture book balances information with literary language to provide an engaging choice for very young seashore scientists. Each watercolor-filled, double-page spread illustrates a moment in the life cycle of this arthropod: their nighttime arrival above the tide line to lay their eggs; the shore birds that prey on those eggs; beach walkers and environmentalists who tag individual horseshoe crabs to track migratory patterns and behavior; and the eventual departure of the hatchlings back into the ocean until the next season. Schnell weaves together the crabs' behavior and that of other creatures on the beach, including humans, which gives a well-rounded and interesting view of the beach ecosystem. Marks' watercolor-and-pencil illustrations depict a wide range of perspectives, both above and below the water, as well as a diverse cast of people and realistic renderings of horseshoe crabs. The fairly extensive back matter offers further information, including websites about different types of shore life, a map of the richest horseshoe crab mating areas in America, and activities and resources for expanded learning.--Goldsmith, Francisca Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896047 Gr 2-4-This charming picture book describes the annual spawning of horseshoe crabs at Delaware Bay. Softly hued, delicately detailed watercolor spreads depict the events: the crabs gathering on the beach to mate and lay their eggs in the sand, migratory birds arriving to feast on the eggs that haven't been buried deeply enough, scientists and volunteers coming to watch, and the baby crabs eventually hatching and making their way to the sea. Brief, bold action statements introduce the different sections, and the language provides analogies children can grasp ("Some of these birds weigh only as much as a handful of paper clips. Still, they are powerful enough to fly thousands of miles."). Readers will learn about the spawning process, as well as how scientists and volunteers tag these animals for identification purposes. Thorough back matter provides more information, including how products made from the crabs can benefit people. End pages present detailed anatomical diagrams of the top and underside of a horseshoe crab. Schnell also lets readers know how they can witness the spawning for themselves. VERDICT A wonderful introduction to these creatures and the importance of monitoring them. A particularly strong addition for Eastern seaboard locations, as well as for collections across the country.-Tamara Saarinen, Pierce County Library, WA © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Home Address: ISS: International Space Station
 James Buckley Jr.
  Book Jacket
2016
How to Swallow a Pig: Step-by-Step Advice from the Animal Kingdom
 Steve Jenkins
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544313651 Gr 2-5-Jenkins and Page team up once again for a glimpse into the animal kingdom. The authors outline 18 behaviors step by step, addressing readers directly as they explain how whales fish, wasps build nests, and grebes dance. Though the text is quite witty ("If you are a guy, start things off by offering a female grebe a gift of water plants"), some adults might wish for precautionary notes for the literal-minded, who might attempt to reenact instructions such as "Pop the millipede in your mouth." Impressive torn-and-cut paper collage artwork on white backgrounds work well with the conversational writing style. Students will be enthralled by the descriptions of an octopus disguising itself, a crocodile hunting for a meal, and a python swallowing a pig. The book includes single-page treatments and spreads of each behavior, with numbered directions laid out clockwise. Back matter provides additional information about the animals, such as their sizes and native environments. VERDICT Jenkins and Page present another fascinating, fun, and attractive look at the natural world.-Lynn Vanca, Freelance Librarian, Akron, OH © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780544313651 Jenkins and Page are back with a tongue-in-cheek "how to" guide to hunting, building, and protecting oneself like more than a dozen animals. Numbered instructions, accompanied by Jenkins's always excellent paper collages, demonstrate how to repel insects like a capuchin monkey, catch a meal like a crocodile ("When an egret lands nearby to pick up one of your sticks, you know what to do"), or defend oneself like an armadillo. Beneath the irreverent tone, there's ample information about the animals' traits and behavior (and even more in an appendix), adding up to a highly enjoyable mix of science and humor. Ages 6-9. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544313651 *Starred Review* Even if you have never wondered how to swallow a pig, one of the best ways to understand how a python accomplishes this feat is to imagine yourself doing so, following the step-by-step directions here. Similarly, readers will learn how tailorbirds sew their nests together, how beavers construct their dams, and 17 other skills that are equally intriguing or amazing. Highlights include How to Repel Insects like a Capuchin (catch a millipede, roll it around on your tongue, and rub it on your fur) and How to Crack a Nut like a Crow (fly above a busy intersection, drop the nut, wait for a car to run over it, and let the traffic light stop vehicles before retrieving the nut). Each single- or double-page presentation includes attractively laid-out instructions and a picture illustrating almost every numbered step. There's enough detail in the simply written, amusing text to make the processes interesting and informative, but an additional paragraph on each animal appears in an appended section along with an illustration miniaturized to postage-stamp size. Colorful, precise, and often striking against the white pages, the cut-paper collage illustrations fulfill their purpose beautifully. Fascinating facts presented with droll wit a winning combination.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544313651 The authors impart considerable information about certain behaviors of eighteen animals via numbered instructions for readers to duplicate, say, a python swallowing a pig. While this conceit is maintained throughout ("you'll have to do a few things that you're probably not used to"), the steps are accurate and the jaunty language catchy; Jenkins's collages are striking as always. An afterword gives additional facts. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Hurricane Watch
Book Jacket   Melissa Stewart
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780062327765 After explaining how hurricanes form, this volume explores the role of scientists tracking hurricanes and gives a toned-down description of conditions when a hurricane makes landfall. Although a few of the simplifications may cause confusion, the clear layout; dynamic, full-bleed, digitally enhanced watercolor illustrations; and plain, reassuring language will help readers understand this dramatic type of weather. Activities appended. Websites. Glos. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780062327765 Gr 1-3-The life cycle of a hurricane and its potential effects on a community are presented in this engaging series entry. A family hears the news of an approaching tropical storm from a TV weather person and reviews a checklist of precautions and preparations. Satellites track the storm's progress, and planes fly into it to measure its strength. Scientists on the ground give the hurricanes separate names to keep track of them. Stewart succinctly explains how hurricanes form and develop. Scientific terms are used in sentences and defined in the text. The clear, full-color illustrations amplify scientific concepts, such as how warm ocean water evaporates and spirals up, thereby allowing cooler air to rush in, replace the rising warm air, and begin the rotation of a tropical storm. One of the activities in the "Find Out More About Hurricanes" section invites children to use string, scissors, paper, and a light bulb to explore how heat causes this spiraling. VERDICT Readers and browsers will find a lot to read and see in these spreads.-Frances E. Millhouser, formerly at Fairfax County Public Library, VA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780062327765 This informational picture book offers a colorfully illustrated introduction to hurricanes. The lucid text explains the nature of these storms as well as when, where, and how they form. The expressive illustrations watercolors with digitally added elements offer views of hurricanes, scientists studying them, broadcasters explaining them, and people preparing for the high winds and heavy rains they bring. The pictures sometimes incorporate arrows, labels, and diagrams to clarify concepts such as cloud formation, the earth's rotation, the Saffir-Simpson scale of hurricane wind-speed categories, and the progressive weakening of a storm over land. Offering plenty of facts for kids intrigued by extreme weather as well as some practical advice and a couple of hands-on activities to try, this attractive book is the latest addition to the respected Let's-Read-and-Find-Out series.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Inside Biosphere 2: Earth Science Under Glass
Book Jacket   Mary Kay Carson
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544416642 Gr 5-8-The latest installment in this stellar series examines Biosphere 2, a research facility in Oracle, AZ. Biosphere 2 began as an engineering marvel and an experiment in creating a self-sustaining, closed biological system that could support a team of humans for two years. In 1993, when the original Biosphere 2 experiment ended amid controversy, few could have predicted what the future would hold for the research facility. While briefly addressing the original experiment and its triumphs and shortcomings, Carson focuses on telling a compelling story of the scientific research being conducted at Biosphere 2 today and the importance of that work in understanding our biosphere: the planet Earth. This enlightening title adeptly connects Biosphere 2's past with its present and future. Stunning photographs, clear and colorful graphics, and illuminating insets enhance the appeal, and direct quotes from the Biosphere 2 scientists are liberally incorporated throughout. The processes, products, and purposes of the research are addressed, and information about the facility's past is provided in a series of "Flashback to the Biospherians" photographic sidebars. VERDICT Highly recommended for all middle school science collections.-Kelly Kingrey-Edwards, Mirus Academy Library, TX © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544416642 *Starred Review* Continuing the tradition of excellence established by other award-winning titles in the Scientists in the Field series is Carson's latest on the Arizona-based research project Biosphere 2. Formerly a self-contained mini-Earth inhabited by a group of scientists for a 730-day stretch starting in 1991, Biosphere 2 now acts as a bridge between a laboratory and the real world, combining research with public education and tours. Well-organized chapters, extensive color photographs, and diagrams supplement an engaging narrative that follows several scientists and their hands-on research. Scientists whose work is explored include a biogeochemist, a marine ecologist, an earth scientist and water expert, and a sustainability expert. No longer focused on how to colonize Mars, Biosphere 2's research directly impacts people's lives. From examining how forests handle climate change and the impact of the ocean becoming more acidic, to developing a deeper understanding of the water cycle for soil erosion and predicting climate conditions, the scope of the research is vast. There's not another experiment like this in the world, says Biosphere scientist Luke Pangle. A glossary, bibliography, and extensive list of online sources provide an excellent jumping-off point for further student research. Truly eye-opening.--Barnes, Jennifer Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A 1990s science experiment aimed at space exploration finds a new purpose in the 21st century. Built to test long-term human survival in a closed ecological system like a potential Mars colony, the 3.14-acre glass-enclosed structure called Biosphere 2 is now being used for investigations of climate change here on Earth. Framing her narrative as a tour of the facility, now open to and welcoming visitors, Carson's information-packed text introduces the original experiment, in which eight people survived for 2 years, and then, chapter by chapter, describes new studies. In the rain forest, biogeochemist Joost van Haren investigates how much carbon dioxide a forest can hold and the effects of drought. An "ocean" with a no-longer-viable coral reef is being repurposed into a model of the nearby Gulf of California, under the supervision of marine biologist Rafe Sagarin. What was once a farm is now a Landscape Evolution Observatory, with replicas of a nearby hillside where hydrologist Luke Pangle studies how water, energy, and carbon move through landscapes. Sustainability coordinator Nate Allen works underneath in the Technosphere, where power and plumbing systems support the entire structure. Well-chosen, clearly captioned photographs support the text, while flashback boxes inform readers of what came before. For middle and high school readers, an encouraging example of earth scientists working to understand and deal with climate change in new and amazing ways. (glossary, resources, index) (Nonfiction. 12-15) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544416642 Carson takes readers into Biosphere 2, the research facility designed to be a self-sustaining model of Earth's environments. There's brief coverage of the "biospherians" who were sealed inside from 1991 to 1993, but the focus is primarily on current research under the direction of scientists at the University of Arizona. Plentiful photos capture the feel of a busy research center. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
The Inventors Secret.
 Suzanne Slade
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580896672 This dual picture-book biography of how Thomas Edison inspired Henry Ford succeeds in showing the emotional side of the life of an inventor: success requires more than just one or two or even two dozen attempts. Reinhardt's soft, amiable watercolor, ink, and colored-pencil artwork provides a lot of visual detail about both Edison's and Ford's passions, while Slade's text explains each man's inspiration and the way his inventions fundamentally changed the world. Ample source notes and a comprehensive dual time line help explain some of Slade and Reinhardt's depictions of Ford and Edison, and photo-illustrated notes about each inventor's most memorable creations provide substantial information to get kids started on research projects. While there are abundant compilations for kids about inventions and inventors, Slade and Reinhardt keep the focus solidly on the human element of frustration, persistence, and the power of a mentor. It's an unusual angle and well executed, which makes it a good fit for STEM-oriented programs as well as storytimes about the benefit of good friendships.--Goldsmith, Francisca Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896672 Two boys who "just had to see how things worked" grow into two of America's great inventors and manufacturers: Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. When Henry, frustrated by repeated failure, meets Thomas, he gets simple yet critical advice: "Keep at it." A lively tale of tenacity and passion, illustrated with watercolor and pencil-and-ink illustrations that reflect the text's energy and high spirits. Timeline. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781580896672 "What's his secret?" That's the question dogging Henry Ford as he watches Thomas Edison's phonograph and incandescent bulb take off, while his own attempts to create steam and gas engines sputter. Slade shifts between the developing careers of both men until, while discussing engines with Edison at a dinner in 1896, Ford gets his answer: "Keep at it!" Edison shouts encouragingly. Reinhardt's mixed-media artwork includes several lighthearted moments (parallel scenes featuring Edison and Ford as children highlight the explosive results of early failed experiments). Extensive endnotes discuss Slade's and Reinhardt's processes and several of the inventions mentioned, along with a time line and source notes. It's a rewarding look at the importance of persistence, as well as the friendship that developed between these prominent inventors. Ages 6-9. Illustrator's agent: Marietta Zacker, Nancy Gallt Literary Agency. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896672 Gr 3-6-Emphasizing the power of perseverance, this cheery picture book alternates between the lives of two inventors, beginning with Thomas Edison, who was 16 years Henry Ford's senior. Many of Edison's major inventions are touched on, and young Ford is portrayed as curious as to the secret of Edison's success. Ford continues to work on developing engines and designing cars and finally seizes the opportunity to meet Edison in person. The two go over Ford's designs, and Edison urges the younger man to "keep at it!" With that, Ford discovers that "he'd known Thomas's secret all along!"-a realization illustrated with a light bulb over Ford's head. The rest of the story focuses on Ford's work on creating a car for all Americans, which resulted in the Model-T. Fanciful watercolor sketches depict Edison and Ford dreaming, inventing, and working, with a variety of expressions on their faces. The drawings are framed on the page, providing an old-fashioned feel. Inset images provide details and information on their inventions. The front and endpapers are filled with sketches of various light bulbs and gears in muted brown tones. The early lives and activities of these men are covered briefly. The factual text emphasizes how both started as dreamers who took action. Back matter includes a section on Edison and Ford's friendship, more material about the inventions, author and illustrator notes, and extensive source notes with citations for dialogue and other facts. VERDICT A suitable addition for those seeking biographies of inventors.-Tamara Saarinen, Pierce County Library, WA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Little Puffins First Flight
 London, Jonathan
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A horned puffin hatches, grows and flies for the first time on the Alaskan coast.London's characteristically lyrical, clipped free verse describes the meeting of two puffins, followed by nesting, tending their single egg and the hatching of their "hungry gray fuzz-ball." Taking turns to guard the chick and hunt, Mother and Father Puffin raise Little Puffin to fledging. One night, spectacularly foregrounded against the rising moon by Van Zyle in three successive spreads, Little Puffin makes his way to the edge of the cliff and then jumps, first falling and then flyingto find his own mate four years later. With the exception of naming his puffin family, London largely avoids anthropomorphizing his subjects even as he uses figurative language his preschool audience will understand: "Dressed in her life jacket / of carefully fluffed feathers, / Mother Puffin bobs like a cork / in the icy cold ocean." Scientific facts (puffins have heavy bones; their predators include gulls) are woven neatly into the brief, just-dramatic-enough narrative. Van Zyle keeps his palette realistically limited to cold grays and blues except for that tremendous yellow moon and the puffins' beaks, relying on shifts in perspective and scale to maintain visual interest. In one humorous image, three herrings droop comically from Father Puffin's beak. A two-page author's note provides further information. A bracing nature adventure for animal-loving preschoolers. (Informational picture book. 2-6) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781941821404 Little Puffin is born on a cliffside and cared for by his parents until the time comes for him to strike out on his own. In a lyrical text, London traces the life cycle of a horned puffin, from mating to nesting to first flight; Van Zyle's somewhat fuzzy paintings alternate close-up views of the birds with sweeping landscapes. An author's note provides more information. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781941821404 PreS-Gr 3-After 42 days of caring for their egg in the nest, mother and father puffin are about to meet their "hungry, gray fuzzball"of a chick as he taps his way out. It is spring on the coast of Alaska and the baby puffin is hungry. The parents take turns bringing fish back to the rocky ledge where little puffin waits. It isn't always easy, as there are many predators (gulls, eagles, falcons) trying to grab the puffins for themselves. For six weeks the adult puffins care for the baby. One night, when little puffin's wing feathers have grown in, he leaps into the air and tumbles over the cliff. "Just as he's about to crash into the sea, Little Puffin spreads his wings and takes off!" At four years old, Little Puffin will choose a mate for himself, and they will raise a chick of their own. London's captivating prose appears at various places on the page and utilizes size changes and text shaping to add drama to the fact-infused narrative. Van Zyle's beautiful, full-bleed paintings use a palette of mostly blacks, blues, and grays, while a bright yellow moon illuminates Little Puffin's first flight. An author's note provides more information. VERDICT A recommended purchase for most collections.-Sara-Jo Lupo Sites, George F. Johnson Memorial Library, Endicott, NY © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Magnificent Minds: 16 Pioneering Women in Science and Medicine
Book Jacket   Pendred E. Noyce
2016
Mrs. Carters Butterfly Garden
Book Jacket   Steve Rich
 
2016
Next Time You See a Spiderweb
 Emily Morgan
  Book Jacket
2016
Ocean: A Visual Encyclopedia
 DK
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781465436641 Gr 4-7-This exploration of the undersea world is divided into seven different color-coded topics that address areas of knowledge including the location and structure of oceans and the life found there. Another section examines the relationship of humans with the ocean. Numerous crisp color photographs, charts, maps, tables, and diagrams are featured. Sections topics are in a bold font while image captions are presented in italics. Throughout, fact circles labeled "WOW!" add fascinating trivia. For example, a photo displays a close-up of a shark's teeth, while the fact bubble lets readers know that a shark has 300 teeth and that it isn't uncommon for the animal to, over the course of its lifetime, go through 30,000 different teeth. The eye-catching cover will draw in students and teachers alike, and the narrative will inform readers about the hunting techniques, habitats, size, and diet of different creatures. Other ocean-related topics are covered as well. Readers will appreciate a chart explaining tsunamis, an overview of types of seaweed, and examples of watery features such as atolls and lagoons. VERDICT Ideal for general interest or to support research projects in science or geography classes supporting the Common Core State Standards.-Beth McGuire, Hempfield Area School District, Greensburg, PA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
The Octopus Scientists
Book Jacket   Sy Montgomery
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. An international team of scientists with varied focuses work together on a remote South Pacific island to study octopus behaviors. Two weeks on Moorea, in French Polynesia, snorkeling and diving around the reefs off the coast, admiring the abundant life, and learning about octopuses. What could be nicer? In her latest observation of scientific fieldwork, Montgomery doesn't ignore the downsidethere's more searching than studying, here, and it's often physically uncomfortablebut she dwells on the joys of admiring the endless variety in the underwater world and learning about these reclusive, intelligent, surprising creatures. With ease that comes from long practice, she weaves a narrative full of fascinating detail, helpful comparisons, direct quotations, and personal reactions that bring readers into the experience. Chapters of action, with smoothly integrated explanatory background, are interspersed with informative passages about octopuses, the field station, and coral reefs. She describes the team's daily explorations in the water and their inside lab work, identifying the food remains they've collected from neat piles outside the octopuses' dens. This is an account of a successful expedition, although it raises more questions than it answers. "The field is about serendipity," expedition leader Jennifer Mather reminds readers. Amazing photographs reveal the octopuses' remarkable shape-changing abilities and help readers visualize this experience. Science in the field at its best. (Nonfiction. 10-16) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544232709 *Starred Review* This color-changing, tentacled shape-shifter can pour itself through a hole the size of a thimble, drill through seashells with its tongue, squirt ink, and paralyze its prey with venom. There's nothing on the planet like an octopus, yet its high intelligence and prowess at camouflage have made this mollusk difficult to study. This beautiful entry in the award-winning Scientists in the Field series follows an expedition to the French Polynesian island of Moorea to study Pacific day octopuses not octopi in the wild and unlock some of the mystery surrounding this marine animal. With infectious enthusiasm, the team searches for octopuses with their dens, so the scientists can study their personalities and diet, of which little is known. Between dives, mind-boggling octopus facts are relayed, as well as the team members' backgrounds. Spectacular underwater photography shows octopuses standing tall and stately on their tentacles, while others lie coiled with their skin drawn up into peaks to mimic coral or displaying a range of colors and patterns (purple and gold, stripes and spots) that they can conjure in one-tenth of a second. Other marine life is also featured in breathtaking shots of sea turtles, dazzling fish, and giant clams. Ultimately, little new information is discovered, but this account of octopuses' lives remains endlessly fascinating.--Smith, Julia Copyright 2010 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232709 Montgomery tags along with four scientists studying the decision-making of the Pacific day octopus in the French Polynesian island region of Moorea. To do so, they first have to find the octopuses. Montgomery explains the scientists' data collection methods, along the way describing all aspects of life in the field. Abundant, stunningly clear underwater photographs highlight a range of marine species. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232709 Gr 6-9-Searching for octopuses along the coast of Moorea in French Polynesia might sound like a dream assignment. However, these elusive mollusks are master of deceptive camouflage: boneless wonders that can ooze into impossibly small spaces and that tend to change their locations abruptly, leaving merely a tidy stack of emptied shells from past meals. Montgomery and Ellenbogen join psychologist Jennifer Mather and her team as they methodically explore Moorea's fringing reefs, recording finds of octopus dens and middens on geographic grids, meeting octopods here and there that peer curiously from their hiding places. Interspersed with this logical, systematic investigation is a series of fascinating asides: discussions of the Centre de Researches Insulaires et Observatoire de l'Environnement de Polynésie Française, of the intelligence of these evasive creatures and their amazing capability to change the color and texture of their skin, and of the coral habitats they select as dwelling places. Through sharply crafted text, Montgomery shares her enthusiasm with readers, and Ellenbogen's vibrant color photos allow a crystalline window into a very special environment. This glimpse into an alien world and mind combines biology and psychology: an exciting pairing. VERDICT Another enticing entry in a series devoted to highlighting enthusiastic scientists hard at work in the fields they love.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
A Passion for Elephants: The Real Life Adventure of Field Scientist Cynthia Moss
Book Jacket   Toni Buzzeo
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780803740907 Even as a small girl, Cynthia Moss never shied away from big things. She rode large horses and observed the wildlife near her home in New York. Her keen eyes and curious nature served her well when she grew up to become a scientist, then a reporter, and later, when she was selected to photograph elephants in the wilds of Africa. For 40 years, Moss would spend her days in Amboseli National Park observing elephant behavior and family dynamics and advocating for a global ban on ivory sales. Buzzeo's text is dense but enthusiastic and will hold strong readers' interest, especially alongside Berry's vibrant art. The illustrations make use of African motifs rendered in bold reds, yellows, and greens and capture the joys and sorrows of Moss' work with the African elephants. The enormous scale of her courageous, continued work is summed up in the biography at the end of the title and in the final lines of her story: Cynthia Moss is not afraid of BIG things. --Jones, Courtney Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780399187254 K-Gr 3-This engaging and descriptive narrative chronicles the life of animal researcher and elephant advocate Cynthia Moss, who has lived alongside and studied these creatures for 40 years. The book begins with Moss developing a love of nature as a child while riding her horse through the woods of Ossining, NY. A few years later, the adventurous teen went away to school in Virginia, where she continued to hone her equestrian skills. After college, she embarked on her biggest adventure of all: moving to Africa. Immediately, she felt at home and found a job photographing elephants for a renowned zoologist. Together, they established the Amboseli Elephant Research Project. Moss fell in love with the "enormous, gentle animals" and devoted her life to studying their behavior and relationships. She took on the monumental task of educating the world about her beloved elephants and spoke out against poachers who kill them for their ivory tusks. Buzzeo points out through a refrain, "Cynthia Moss is not afraid of BIG things." Each spread features a particular episode in the activist's life, recounted in illuminating verse and illustrated with Berry's atmospheric mixed-media illustrations, which evoke the splendor of Africa. The rich colors, interesting textures, and patterns and vast landscapes draw readers into Moss's world. An addendum provides a brief biography of Moss along with back matter. VERDICT This well-executed narrative biography will pique the curiosity of animal lovers and young scientists alike.-Linda L. Walkins, Saint Joseph Preparatory High School, Boston, MA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A childhood love of horses translates into an adult career devoted to learning about and promoting protection for African elephants. For 40 years, field scientist Cynthia Moss has lived with and studied the elephants of Amboseli National Park in Kenya. Buzzeo, who focused on a fictional elephant calf in My Bibi Always Remembers, illustrated by Mike Wohnoutka (2014), here introduces a real-life elephant scientist who has combined her passion for studying these big animals with activism around the world for a big cause: banning the sale of ivory. Choosing details young readers will understand, the author moves quickly from a description of Moss' early life to an explanation of how she came to live in Kenya. She goes on to give examples of the kinds of questions the scientist wondered about and what she learned about elephant family behavior. Colorful illustrations, done with colored pencils, acrylic paint, watercolor, ink, and collage and bordered with appropriate designs, add interesting details. There are wide-angled scenes and close-ups of elephants in the wild. But this narrative has a dark side. Many, many elephants have been killed for the ivory in their tusks. The image of an elephant "lying lifeless in the beating sun" and men loading its bloody tusk into a truck filled with other bloody tusks will distress readers of any age. The simplicity of the narrative and its playful emphasis on and repetition of what is "BIG" seem at odds with the grim reality of ivory poaching, making this a book that may have a hard time finding an audience. (endnote, further reading, additional sources) (Picture book/biography. 7-9) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780399187254 Buzzeo offers a glowing biography of Cynthia Moss, a field scientist and activist who has been studying and advocating for Africa's elephants for more than 40 years. Moving briskly through Moss's childhood love of animals, Buzzeo focuses on Moss's long, hard work of studying elephants as well as her efforts to fight ivory poaching. Variations on a refrain ("It was a big challenge, but Cynthia Moss wasn't afraid of big things") strike an oddly juvenile note, given the harsh realities of the ivory trade and the book's scientific focus, but it still drives home the message about taking on important, difficult tasks and causes. Berry's mixed-media illustrations do an admirable job of capturing the African landscape-and animals-that have captivated Moss. Ages 5-8. Author's agent: Stefanie Von Borstel, Full Circle Literary. Illustrator's agency: Studio Goodwin Sturges. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780803740907 For forty years, Cynthia Moss has studied the elephants in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, and has fought against ivory poaching through lectures and fundraising. The seriousness of the realities of poaching and Moss's work and activism is undermined by the book's jarring refrain ("Cynthia Moss was not afraid of BIG things"). Colorful mixed-media illustrations are naive and charming. Reading list, websites. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
The Pier at the End of the World
 Paul Erickson
  Book Jacket
2016
Raindrops Roll
 April Pulley Sayre
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781481420648 Raindrops get a close-up treatment in this quietly informative picture book. In gorgeous, page-filling, full-color photos of raindrops on lush greenery, Sayre shows typical water behavior. It patters appears on a body of water dimpled by rain. It fills accompanies a waxy leaf tenuously cupping a large droplet. They magnify pairs with a raindrop distorting the spots on a lily petal. Raindrops slowly dry accompanies a picture of a rain-spattered leaf in the sun. Each clearly rendered photo focuses on drops of water as they pool, glob, drip, and slip down leaves and flowers, on beetles and lacy spiderwebs. The spare words altogether are loosely rhythmic, and the simplicity of the motion-based vocabulary is mostly effective at demonstrating what's happening in the photo. It's the rich visuals, however, that steal the show. Not only do the photos beautifully capture water in action but they zoom in on things most kids could see in their own backyards or neighborhoods an especially useful approach for visual or hands-on learners. An author's note explains the water cycle in more detail.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2010 Booklist
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781481420648 "Raindrop spangles/ mark angles./ They cling to curves/ and cover cocoons." In playful rhymes and breathtaking nature photography, Sayre offers a dramatic examination of a rain shower as droplets soak birds, roll down pumpkins, dot the backs of insects, and muddy the forest floor. Sayre's close-up photographs are startling in their intimacy-a bead of water seems to defy gravity as it pools precariously on a green leaf, while dozens of tiny drops illuminate a spider's feather-light web. These images alone are enough to make the book a treasure; an informative closing section exploring water's forms, behavior, and characteristics is icing on the cake. Ages 4-8. (Jan.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481420648 Starred Review. K-Gr 2-This first-rate book highlights the beauty and wonder of rain-a seemingly commonplace occurrence-and shows its effects upon the rest of the natural world. In general but lyrical terms, the work explains what raindrops do ("Raindrops settle. They slip. They dot."). The text is accompanied by scenes from a forest rainforest (drops clinging to flowers or spider webs, insects and birds dealing with the downpour). Sayre has created a poetic atmosphere, using rhyming words ("Raindrop spangles/mark angles."), and her vibrant, close-up photographs, which effectively complement the narrative and will engage children and adults alike. The last two spread, titled "A Splash of Science," offer information on the three forms of water (ice, liquid water, and water vapor) and their characteristics. This attractive work is also ideal for read-alouds and an easy entry for students delving into nonfiction reading, especially in poetry or science units. This excellent title will transform how readers think about rain.-Tracey Wong, P.S. 54/Fordham Bedford Academy, Bronx, NY (c) Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481420648 Captivating photos picture an oncoming storm, followed by shots of raindrops in various stages, configurations, and contexts, such as on a katydid's back or splashing into a stream. Sayre subtly explains the nuances of these appearances in minimal poetic phrases that use alliteration, onomatopoeia, and occasional rhyme and that closely follow the photographs. Scientific information about rain, the water cycle, and more is appended. Reading list. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Remarkable Minds: 17 More Pioneering Women in Science and Medicine
Book Jacket   Penny Noyce
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780990782902 Although Irène Joliot-Curie won her own Nobel Prize in chemistry, most readers will probably be more familiar with her mother, Marie Curie. Many of the other 16 female scientists featured in this collective biography have also been overlooked or forgotten by history, often because of their gender. Arranged chronologically, the book looks at pioneering women (born between 1706 and 1921 in the United States and Europe) in physics, chemistry, astronomy, electrical engineering, medicine, and mathematics. Among them are Sophie Germain, whose work in elasticity helped establish mathematical physics as an area of study, and Helen Taussig, whose research in pediatric congenital heart abnormalities began saving children's lives. Each entry provides an overview of the scientist's personal and professional lives and describes each woman's obstacles and accomplishments in relation to her time period. In the introduction, the author explains the inclusion of only one scientist of color due to lack of opportunities earlier in history. Time lines, archival photographs and reproductions, sidebars, and highlighted quotations add useful visuals to the scholarly text.--Leeper, Angela Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780990782902 Gr 7 Up-This well-researched, interesting companion to the author's Magnificent Minds: 16 Pioneering Women in Science and Medicine (Tumblehome Learning, 2015) adds 17 women. Examining notable figures who worked in areas as diverse as astronomy and DNA research, this exploration is a revelation. Readers may recognize Marie Curie's equally accomplished daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, but what of Émilie du Châtelet, who explored the worlds of mathematics and physics (and found time to delve into the world of love as well-a pastime tolerated by her often absent military husband)? Or Marietta Blau, the first to photograph cosmic rays, who was forced to abandon her research in the face of Nazi threats? Or Jane Cooke Wright, who made great strides in the field of chemotherapy? Here is a solid cadre of determined women, inspired in their approach to their chosen domains, all using their considerable talents to overcome the social expectations of their times to further knowledge. Each is awarded a lucidly written, readable biographical essay that not only delineates her research but also includes personal details that bring her to life. Each chapter is accompanied by a time line of personal experiences from the woman's own life and of historical and world events (including dates such as the start of World War I and Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic). Sidebars on relevant topics add to the appeal, and illustrations (many tiny) are liberally scattered throughout. VERDICT This scholarly look at 17 remarkable, intelligent women devoted to research in science and medicine will round out science or biography collections.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Sally Ride: A Photobiography of Americas Pioneering Woman in Space
Book Jacket   Tam O Shaughnessy
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A uniquely personal portrait of the United States' first woman in space, illustrated with sheaves of public and private photos. As her longtime companion, as well as co-author (of Exploring Our Solar System, 2003, etc.) and business partner, O'Shaughnessy is in an unparalleled position to illuminate Ride's inner life as much as her well-known outer one. She does so here in a frank, engagingly detailed account that tenders as much about her subject's significant friendships and loves as it does about her outstanding academic, athletic, astronautical, and post-NASA achievements. All of these are also traced in the illustrations, which begin with baby and toddler pictures, close with images of post-mortem tributes (Ride died in 2012, of pancreatic cancer), and in between mix family snapshots and posed portraits with report cards, yearbook photos, news clippings, mementos, and letters. Sue Macy's excellent Sally Ride: Life on a Mission (2014) covers much of the same territory (and broke the news to younger readers that Ride was gay), but both the visual material and the author's personal memories here add significant insights and angles of view to her subject. They describe the growth and complex character of a smart but unmotivated young "underachiever" who became anything but and stands as an exemplar for budding scientists of any sex. A perceptive, loving tribute. (timeline, index) (Biography. 10-13) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781596439948 There are plenty of biographies of Sally Ride, but few have as much insider knowledge as this one, written by Ride's partner, who was present for many of the pivotal moments in the astronaut's life. Each glossy page is plastered with photos and memorabilia, and her tone is conversational and intimate, as if sharing a beloved family story. O'Shaughnessy begins with Ride's childhood interest in science and tennis, before moving on to her study of physics and groundbreaking career at NASA. She speaks of Ride's homosexuality frankly, if a little abruptly, and writes pointedly about her frustration with gender inequality. She also emphasizes Ride's love of learning sometimes her grades weren't stellar (readers even get a peek at her report cards), but she didn't let that get in the way of pursuing her dream of space travel. Ride was notoriously private, and this glimpse into her life and background will be both eye-opening and inspiring for many young readers. The irresistible photos and appealing page layouts make it an especially good pick for reluctant readers.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Sand Swimmers: The Secret Life of Australias Desert Wilderness
 Narelle Oliver
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780763667610 Dead Heart is one of earth's most inhospitable places a desert in the isolated center of Australia. In spite of the harsh conditions, it is teeming with life and offers some of the best examples of adaptation on the globe. Using the journals of Charles Sturt, a British explorer who, in 1844, was one of the first Europeans to brave Australia's interior, Oliver seamlessly weaves a true narrative with stunning artwork and a scientific catalog of animal life. She uses Sturt's fruitless search for an inland sea to walk readers through scrubland, desolate fields of red-hot rock, and endless sand dunes. These places that so few humans ever visit are home to all manner of animals, from geckos and honey ants to marsupials and snakes, each with its own peculiar adaptation for survival. Oliver's expressive and detailed linocut illustrations, filled in with earth-toned colored pencil, include a numbered index of all the species mentioned. Using primary sources, firsthand experiences, and scientific observations, Oliver manages to marry human and natural history into a beautiful and symbolic book about perseverance.--Anderson, Erin Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763667610 In this fascinating, handsome introduction to Australia's "Dead Heart" desert, its evolutionary history, and the plant and animal life surviving there today, Oliver combines a gripping narrative of human exploration with compelling descriptions of the hardy flora and fauna of this little-known habitat. Her linocut illustrations provide views of the mysterious landscape and lifeforms which will catch readers' attention. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763667610 Gr 2-5-This picture book gives readers an enchanting look at the Australian wilderness. The succinct narrative is rife with visual imagery ("frogs burrow deep into the forest clay and make a waterproof cocoon, like plastic wrap"), and the beautiful illustrations, rendered in detailed pen and ink, depict the colors of the desert, from turquoise to rust, Oliver portrays Australia's unique geographic center: the Dead Heart, home to a host of extraordinary flora and fauna. Children will learn about a notable British explorer, Charles Sturt (1795-1869), who led several expeditions into Australia in search of an inland sea. The addition of Sturt will cultivate interest in the historical aspects of discovery and further enhance the descriptions of the desert itself, such as the mention of spinifex (a "strange prickly grass") that frequently entrapped Sturt's horses. Boxed graphics, pictorial borders, and indigenous language etymology further elaborate detailed descriptions of this strange yet wonderful ecosystem. Highly recommended for science and history collections.-Kathryn Diman, Bass Harbor Memorial Library, Bernard, ME (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Small Wonders: Jean-Henri Fabre and His World of Insects
 Matthew Clark Smith
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781477826324 Gr 2-5-This enchanting picture book biography examines the life and work of 19th-century French entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre. Fairy tale-like in tone, the first few pages will easily draw in children, as Smith describes the actions of an old hermit who was considered a local eccentric by those in his village for his habit of speaking to animals and collecting insects ("Whether he was a sorcerer, or simply a madman, no one could agree."). The villagers were shocked, however, when Fabre received a visit from the president of France. Readers are then taken back in time to learn about Fabre's childhood, education, and ever-present interest in the natural world, as well as his unconventional teaching and writings on insect behavior. Indeed, he often shocked fellow scientists with his bizarre findings. Smith's engaging text conveys Fabre's zeal for his subject, while Ferri's gorgeously detailed watercolor and pencil illustrations of plant life and insects beg readers to stop and look both at the pages as well as at the natural world around them. Historical and author's notes and a useful time line add further context. VERDICT A must-have.-Jennifer Wolf, Beaverton City Library, OR © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781477826324 First-time author Smith offers a rewarding overview of naturalist Jean-Henri Fabre, opening his recounting in southern France, where the elderly scientist was a figure of mystery, known for collecting and speaking to animals: "Whether he was a sorcerer or a madman no one could agree." Village curiosity peaks when the president of France arrives to speak with Fabre. Smith then backtracks to explore the often melancholy life of his subject, who found solace and splendor studying and writing about insects. Ferri's vibrant watercolor-and-pencil illustrations revel in the details and diversity of the insects that so fascinated Fabre, while end notes offer extensive historical background to bolster this rousing tribute to the rewards of following one's passions. Ages 6-9. (May) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781477826324 When the president of France arrives in the small village of Serignan, no one expects he is there to announce that the bug-crazy old man who lives there has been nominated for a Nobel Prize. Nineteenth-century entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre, the insects' poet, spent his life enraptured by the natural world, studying it and sharing his knowledge whenever he could. His journey from enthusiast to lauded scientist, however, was rife with setbacks. Smith recounts Fabre's early years spent observing small wonders, before discussing his time as a teacher, a position he lost due to his controversial views. Eventually, he earned his reputation through prolific, lyrical, and accessible scientific writing. Ferri's pencil-and-watercolor illustrations are marked by vitality and light, and readers will love seeing the different bugs crawling about the pages. Further information on Fabre's life is appended in a historical note and time line. A comprehensive and tender account of one of science's lesser-known figures that will have kids itching to grab their bug jars and get outside.--Smith, Julia Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781477826324 Little-known outside his native France, nineteenth-century entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre made important discoveries by observing living insects: he learned about metamorphosis and instinctual behaviors hard-wired into wasps and termites, and he proved that insects communicate via pheromones. Ferri's watercolor and pencil illustrations in earthy tones help to draw us into Fabre's fascinating world of curious intimacy with nature. Timeline. Bib. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
So, You Want to Work with the Ancient and Recent Dead?
Book Jacket   J. M. Bedell
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781582705460 Gr 6-10-Hooking readers with references to the macabre, this title offers glimpses into a wide spectrum of fields. Profiles of different individuals (a mortician, a taxidermist, a federal government archaeologist) provide perspective on training and other requirements, job expectations, and related points of interest. A funeral director who blogs about her work and speaks frankly about her battle with depression is particularly insightful. Some of the profiles examine students with a passion for a given field, such as a 12-year-old bug collector, offering both an entry point for readers and a view of hobbies that may lead to a career choice later on. Frequent sidebars break up the text and add context about, for example, cremation and burial customs. The variety of subjects tends to the quirky; there's a profile of an actor who portrays dead characters, a look at "interesting animals of taxidermy," and a lengthy discussion of various methods for radiocarbon dating. Career profiles are presented in a formal questionnaire format, and some are unfocused and overly long. Though there are some ink drawings, there are no photographs. The volume concludes with nearly 30 pages of resources, including web addresses for professional organizations, an extensive glossary, and listings of books and journal articles outlining many of the professions. VERDICT While this title probably won't serve as narrative reading, it's a strong career reference for younger teens.-Bob Hassett, Luther Jackson Middle School, Falls Church, VA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781582705453 The latest in the Be What You Want series takes the mystique out of jobs relating to mortuary science and forensics. Bedell asserts that these jobs, rather than being reserved for people who are fascinated with blood and gore, are actually perfect for those who love to help others, make scientific discoveries, and study the way that people in the past lived. The focus is truly interdisciplinary, exploring careers in both the sciences, social services, and humanities. Cutting-edge technology careers involving advanced techniques in cryonics are described alongside the jobs of those who explore cultural and historical differences in the ways groups of people deal with death. Interviews with real working professionals discuss job conditions and educational requirements, while activities that introduce readers to methodologies in certain jobs are both fun and easily executed. A detailed list of additional resources is included in the end matter, arranged by topic. Using humor and straightforward descriptions, Bedell manages to make jobs dealing with death seem like perfectly natural career choices.--Anderson, Erin Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Space!
Book Jacket   DK
 
2016
Spidermania: Friends on the Web
 Alexandra Siy
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780823428717 In this companion to Bug Shots (2011), Siy explains that arachnids are worthy of fascination, not fear. Kunkel's electron micrograph photographs zoom in on the subjects, giving them an almost puppetlike appearance, even as the descriptions convey their predatory natures. "Toxic venom is delivered through an opening near the end of each fang, similar to the opening in a hypodermic needle," Siy writes of the brown recluse. Vibrant coloring makes it easy to identify the spiders' anatomical features, and after learning about bionic eyes, "ballooning" spiderlings, and other topics, readers should be impressed by the arachnids' versatility and capability, even if they aren't quite ready to cuddle up with them. Ages 6-10. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823428717 A combination of close-up photography and electron microscopy creates unforgettable, colorful visuals in this informative, almost-affectionate explanation of spider classification, anatomy, behavior, and capabilities. Venom is noted, but the emphasis is on "Friends," from fishing spiders to spitting spiders. Helpful captions are often color-coded, but some body parts are hard to identify. Reading list, websites. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. For their latest memorable venture into microscopic worlds, two veteran collaborators bring children face to face with the original "web masters" (Bug Shots, 2011, etc.). "To know a spider you must first look into its eyes." Along with being a proposition as riveting as it is uninviting for most readers, Siy's observation is literally true, as the arrangement of their multiple eyes is often a key to spider identification. Expanding on her taxonomic topic, the author focuses on observable behaviors and physical characteristics throughout a general overview and brief introductions to 10 arachnids. She closes with specific methodology that includes both a chart of eye patterns and a set of systematic questions that will help distinguish true spiders from close relatives. As always, Kunkel's bright, sharp, close-up photographs and even closer-up electron micrographs, all with detailed production notes, are a highlightthe former artfully angled to show body parts and coloration, the latter using false colors to make spinnerets and other tiny physical features easily visible. Though the author's argument that spiders are our friends (in support of which she even enlists E.B. White's Charlotte) is vitiated by frequent images and mentions of black widows, brown recluses, some Australian spiders, and how seldom anyone actually dies from venomous bites, the mixed message will still draw both budding naturalists and readers after cheap thrills in equal numbers. An unusual approach to the creepiest of crawlies, likely to snare unwary passers-by in droves. (index, multimedia resource lists, glossary) (Nonfiction. 8-11) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823428717 Gr 4-6-A brilliantly colorized microphotograph of a jumping spider crouches on the dust jacket like some alien nightmare, an electric lure to attract browsers to the many enlightening pages that follow. Many other Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) photos, also colorized, are strewn about, offering vivid details of spinnerets, fangs, and eye patterns; regular color photos of spiders are included as well. The writing flows well, and Siy discusses a wide selection of arachnid topics-basic physiology, behaviors, and silk, for instance-before branching into specific varieties. Some of the species examined are the diving bell spider, the daddy longlegs spider (not to be confused with the equally long-legged harvestman), the wolf spider, and, of course, the black widow. Asides on topics such as courtship, parenting, and web-building are interspersed throughout, and the book ends with Siy delving into how she and Kunkel identified an unknown spider sample. She also explains how the dramatic SEM photos so liberally lavished throughout were taken and colorized. Back matter, which features information on eye-patterns, an identification key to eight common orders, and a segment on spider classification, is sure to delight educators. Similar in scope to Seymour Simon's handsome (nonindexed) Spiders (HarperCollins, 2004, 2007) and Nic Bishop's dramatic Spiders (Scholastic, 2007), this eye-catcher will appeal to students. VERDICT Arresting photos and illuminating text weave a neat web to capture readers.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780823428717 Featuring abundant boldly colored visuals and a wealth of information, Siy and Kunkel (Bug Shots, 2011) offer a lively introduction to spiders. The book first covers general characteristics and behaviors, from their physical makeup to how they create silk. Then they go on to discuss 10 spider types, such as black widows, tarantulas, and orb-weavers, as well as the diving bell spiders, which live underwater. Siy's clearly written text then addresses spiders' unique aspects, typical life cycles, and whether they're poisonous to humans. Siy conveys scientific concepts and terminology very well, and her text is nicely complemented by Kunkel's detailed, vivid photographs and digitally enhanced electron micrographs, all of which are accompanied by descriptive captions. Though some squeamish or bugphobic folks might balk at the large photos (and shudder to learn about common household hiding spaces for spiders), readers will come away with a fairly comprehensive understanding of spiders and spider diversity. The extensive back matter includes the typical elements as well as a guide for recognizing and identifying particular spiders by eye pattern.--Rosenfeld, Shelle Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Spit and Sticks: A Chimney Full of Swifts
 Marilyn Grohoske Evans
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580895880 This informative book follows a pair of chimney swifts as they arrive in Texas, build their nest in a farmhouse chimney, raise their chicks, and fly south for the winter. Attractive watercolor collages add extra meaning by showing the farmhouse humans (not mentioned in the narrative) engaging in parallel "nesting" activities, preparing for and welcoming a new baby. Additional facts about chimney swifts are appended. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781580895880 A biracial family of three prepares to welcome a new baby boy while swifts nesting in the chimney of their quaint Texas country home raise their own fledglings. In calming prose, debut author Evans keeps the narrative focus on the birds ("Chittering, the fledglings jubilantly feast and frolic, consuming tons of insects"), letting the human family's story play out silently in Gsell's soft, loose watercolors, which include digitally collaged elements. Together, Evans and Gsell convey the quiet intersection of human and animal life, while an endnote offers more detailed information about the migration of chimney swifts. Ages 3-7. Illustrator's agent: Susan Cohen, Writers House. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580895880 One spring in Texas, a chimney swift flies back from South America to the farmhouse where it was born. In the chimney, the swift and its mate build a nest, and the female lays three white eggs. Three weeks later, they hatch. Eating all the insects their parents can bring them, the young birds grow up quickly, and soon they are trying their wings and flying about the farm with their family. In early winter, the swifts join a flock flying southward. The text is simple and informative, but it tells only part of the story in this appealing offering. Created with broad brushstrokes of watercolor and including digital elements, the vivid illustrations also show people on the farm: a father, mother, little girl, and (around the time the swifts' eggs hatch) new baby brother. There's little direct interplay between the human and avian families, which is realistic. But those scenes, such as the father and daughter waving at the fledgling birds, become a rewarding part of the visual narrative. An engaging, informational picture book.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. While a pair of swifts raises a family in their chimney, a Texas family grows as well. The straightforward text in Evans' first picture book follows a family of swifts from the pair's return to the chimney of the farmhouse where they were born through nest-building, egg-laying and hatching, and feeding their chicks, who eventually fledge, fly, and feed themselves. In fall, the birds take off, joining a swarm of swifts heading for their winter home in the Southern Hemisphere. This simple narrative focuses exclusively on the birds, but it is mirrored by the activities of the mixed-race farming family shown in artfully primitive watercolor illustrations (with collage elements). One page shows the birds building their nest inside the chimney; opposite, the human father and daughter construct a crib while the visibly pregnant mother knits. While the birds "snuggle close" on the eggs, the human father reads to his daughter on his lap. A striking double-page spread shows the chicks emerging from their eggs. On the next pages, "It's a Boy" balloons fly from the farmhouse mailbox. Throughout the summer the baby grows ever more capable, just as the chicks do. An endnote includes further information about swifts and suggestions for readers to learn more and help preserve these interesting birds. A clever connection to the natural world for young readers and listeners. (Informational picture book. 3-7) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2016
Steve Jobs: Insanely Great
Book Jacket   Jessie Hartland
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780307982957 Gr 8 Up-Hartland ably captures the many facets of entrepreneur and innovator Steve Jobs in this graphic biography. Jobs's entire lifespan is here, from his precocious childhood tinkering to his determination to see his final product, the iPad, through before his untimely death. In between, Hartland portrays Jobs in all his geeky, passionate, difficult glory. This work doesn't shy away from Jobs's demanding, perfectionist side, but it also portrays his delight in the "perfect product": an odd mixture that Hartland describes as Jobs's "reality distortion field." Apple is, of course, center stage, and readers will find the graphic representation of the evolution of various Apple products helpful. Hartland also covers Jobs's ouster from Apple in 1985, his development of the NeXT computer, and his work with Pixar. Throughout, panels depicting the latest technology (for instance, color TVs and digital watches in the late 1970s, cordless phones and the Sony Walkman in the 1980s) provide readers with a feel for competing products. The artwork is deceptively simple, at first blush appearing like the doodles of an average teenager, but these loose, expressive illustrations are detailed and convey large amounts of information. VERDICT Luddites and iFans alike should find this volume an illuminating introduction to Jobs's life and the recent history of consumer electronics.-Eric Norton, McMillan Memorial Library, Wisconsin Rapids, WI © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780307982957 Gr 5-8-A recounting of Jobs's life story is distilled through the context of the technological development that Apple helped advance. Loose and scrabbly artwork with handwritten narration makes the story accessible and informal. Jobs is portrayed as motivated to explore new challenges and readers are encouraged to innovate their own world accordingly. © Copyright 2016. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780307982957 Harland brings the style of simple drawings paired with easy-to-digest facts she used in her first novel, Bon Appétit! The Delicious Life of Julia Child, to a breezy yet thorough illustrated biography of Apple pioneer Jobs. Beginning with his literal birth and following through the important moments of his life, Harland's take is both engaging and educational, though not especially demanding of the reader. The black and white art is unrefined but pleasant and contributes to the overall tone, which is effortlessly charming without being terribly enlightening or revealing. Harland uses the page layouts to full advantage, with maps, diagrams and call-outs galore. Though it's certainly informative for all ages, some readers will yearn for something with more depth and complexity in its execution, even as they whiz through the Richard-Scarry-for-grown-ups pages. Agent: Brenda Bowen, Sanford J. Greenburger Assoc. (July) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780307982957 Recently, there have been a multitude of biographies about Steve Jobs; author and illustrator Hartland adds to the collection with a unique yet informative look at the subject in this graphic biography. Covering his formative years challenging authority, to his time founding and then re-creating Apple, Hartland explains his life and the technology of his time while not shying away from Jobs' many eccentricities and erratic behaviors. Although there is always a smile drawn on Jobs' face, Hartland shows his many frustrations with technology, his anger toward his coworkers, and his hurt over his eventual cancer diagnosis. But her prose never judges his intentions or motives; she simply states the facts, providing a thorough history of a complex man. Hartland's signature squiggle style and handwritten text create a disarming, intimate view of the subject, as does the lack of any color. Like Job's innovative designs, her approach is sleek and simplistic, covering just what is needed while still standing out from the competition.--Blenski, Peter Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A free-wheeling graphic biography of Steve Jobs. The late visionary behind Apple and Pixar lent himself to caricature, and illustrator Hartland (Bon Apptit: The Delicious Life of Julia Child, 2012, etc.) takes full advantage. Her inspirational version of the "insanely great" Jobs is a misfit who refused to follow the rules or play well with others, who was as rebellious as he was smart. Eventually becoming one of the richest men in the world, he followed a spiritual path of asceticism, looking for gurus, seeking a purer truth than can be found in material possessions. Yet he showed a remarkable lack of compassion and empathy toward his associates and was forced out of the Apple he had founded because others considered him so difficult. He wasn't the computer whiz that his early collaborator Steve Wozniak was, but the marketing acumen of his passion for design and simplicity proved equally crucial in Apple's transformation of the personal computer from a hobbyist pursuit into a paradigm-shifting commercial product. "Woz is the engineering genius," the author writes in a kid's scrawl that matches the rough-hewn illustrations. "Steve is the salesman with the big picture." As she later quotes her subject, who saw Apple prosper beyond anyone's wildest expectations, "I don't think it would have happened without Woz and I don't think it would have happened without me." Recognizing his own deficiencies, Jobs recruited Pepsi's John Sculley to run the company: "While Steve knows himself to be quirky, tactless, confrontational, and insensitive, he knows Sculley is polite, polished, and easygoing"though inevitably, there was a power struggle between the two. The narrative somehow squeezes Jobs' important innovationsthe iMac, the music empire of iPods and iTunes, the smartphone revolution, the iPadinto a breezy narrative that engages and entertains. Nothing new or revelatory here, but the book can serve as a good introduction to Jobs and will impress with its concision those who already know a lot about him. Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780307982957 Through her jam-packed, roughhewn, kitchen-sink visual style, Hartland provides readers with a plethora of information, both personal and professional, about a complex, driven, sometimes difficult individual. Beginning with his birth in 1955 and ending with his death in 2011, a mostly chronological retelling of well-known events in Jobs's career unfolds. The book delivers a depiction of Jobs that is well balanced and accessible. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Terrible Typhoid Mary: A True Story of the Deadliest Cook in America
Book Jacket   Susan Campbell Bartoletti
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544313675 What was it like to be a servant, an immigrant, a woman in the early twentieth century? Bartoletti weaves the answers into the beginning of "Typhoid Mary" Mallon's story--using Mary as a lens to view a wider swath of American society--then covers epidemiologist George Soper's cat-and-mouse game of tracking Mary down. Excellent nonfiction with a novelistic trim size and narrative. Timeline. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544313675 Gr 5 Up-This well-researched biography of Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary, begins in 1906, when Mallon was hired as a cook for a wealthy family vacationing in Oyster Bay, Long Island. The outbreak of typhoid that swept through the household a few weeks later turned out to be a pivotal event that forever changed her life. George Soper, a sanitation engineer and typhoid expert, was hired to discover the source of the disease. He eventually determined that Mallon was what was known as a healthy carrier: although she experienced no symptoms of typhoid, her body continued to produce the bacteria, which she inadvertently shed. Soper took his discovery to the New York City Board of Health, and soon thereafter, Mallon was arrested and quarantined against her will on North Brother Island. Mallon has often been described as ignorant and a menace to society due to her refusal to stop working as a cook when she was later briefly released from quarantine, but Bartoletti tells the woman's story with empathy and understanding. The author also explores the myriad violations of Mallon's civil rights and her unusually harsh treatment in comparison to other healthy typhoid carriers (nationwide 50 carriers were identified at the time, but only Mary was quarantined). Energetic, even charming prose (chapter headings include "In Which Mrs. Warren Has a Servant Problem") will easily engage readers. Pair this work with Gail Jarrow's Fatal Fever: Tracking Down Typhoid Mary (Boyds Mills, 2015). VERDICT Middle grade biography lovers will gravitate toward this compelling title.-Ragan O'Malley, Saint Ann's School, Brooklyn, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780544313675 In this thoroughly researched biography, Bartoletti (They Called Themselves the KKK) seeks to illuminate the backstory of "Typhoid Mary," who allegedly infected nearly 50 individuals with the disease. Mary Mallon cooked for wealthy families in turn-of-the-20th-century New York City until she became the first documented "healthy carrier" of typhoid in the U.S. and was imprisoned in hospitals for most of her remaining life. Little is known about Mallon outside of one six-page letter she wrote, official documents, newspaper reports, journal articles, and other firsthand accounts of her. Though Bartoletti forms an objective portrait of Mallon's case, she often has to rely on conjecture ("Mary probably didn't understand that she could be a healthy carrier"), filling in gaps using deductive reasoning based on facts from that era. In the end, this study of Mallon's ill-fated life is as much an examination of the period in which she lived, including the public's ignorance about the spread and treatment of disease, the extreme measures health officials took to advance science, and how yellow journalism's sensationalized stories could ruin someone's reputation. Ages 10-up. Agent: Ginger Knowlton, Curtis Brown. (Aug.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A creative approach, strong on vivid details and words that appeal to the senses, animates this biography of Typhoid Mary. It opens like a novel, with a scene in 1906 of a wealthy woman firing her cook. In "a terrible fix" to find a new one, she hires an Irish immigrant named Mary Mallon, who, unknowingly, turns out to be a typhoid-fever carrier later dubbed Typhoid Mary. The chapter's title, "In Which Mrs. Warren Has a Servant Problem," and its final one-sentence cliffhanger, "Mary's life was about to change forever," reflect literary techniques typically found in fiction, while art nouveau typeface for chapter titles and a closing "Photo Album" create an old-fashioned tone. The chronological narrative quotes from such primary sources as contemporary newspapers and books and incorporates information about the disease and the fight to eliminate it. In trying to supplement limited personal sources about Mallon, Bartoletti bogs down her writing with language like "perhaps," "most likely," "must have," and "may have." Responsible though such introductions to supposition are, the result is a narrative that feels uncertain and may have readers wondering about unvoiced alternative scenarios. One section, meant to tie the past to the present, misinterprets a Gallup poll, incorrectly stating that most Americans don't trust their local governments. Awkward attempts to improve on an inherently interesting topic undermine this otherwise fine account. (Nonfiction. 10-14) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781681415130 Gr 5-8-Bartoletti brings to life not only the story of Mary Mallon, but also both the historical context and science behind typhoid fever. Mary was a cook for a wealthy family, and when her employers' children fell ill, Mary was believed to be the problem. She was quarantined and mistreated by health and government officials. This work provides a look into the time period, the deadly disease, and the life story of someone caught in a storm of misinformation and fear. Narrator Donna Postel's voice does sound a bit robotic, but listeners may find this beneficial as the story discusses complex health terms and historical aspects. While the print book version offers a time line, pictures, and a bibliography, the audiobook does not. VERDICT This is a great option for teachers to use in class or for students interested in medical mysteries. A solid purchase for libraries looking to add nonfiction audio books with substance. ["Energetic, even charming prose...will easily engage readers": SLJ 5/15 starred review of the HMH book.]-Katie Llera, Bound Brook High School, NJ © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544313675 *Starred Review* Little is known about Mary Mallon, better known as Typhoid Mary, apart from what can be garnered from case studies and wildly sensational newspaper articles, but Bartoletti impressively fills in the gaps with illuminating historical context and lively descriptions of events. At the turn of the twentieth century, typhoid could swiftly kill thousands, and the public health department would go to great lengths to stave off an epidemic. Once investigators identified Mallon as an unwitting spreader of the disease, she was quarantined and tested against her will, but her imprisonment raised questions. Can the health department go too far when protecting the public? Why was Mallon locked up but not scores of other healthy carriers who infected far more people? While addressing these questions, Bartoletti also explains the prejudice that led Mallon a single, lower-class, immigrant woman to be treated differently, the extent to which yellow journalism had a hand in Mallon's infamy, and the generalized suspicion of science and medicine (which is still alive and kicking today) that contributed to her demonization. Expertly weaving together both historical background and contemporary knowledge about disease and public health, Bartoletti enlivens Mallon's story with engrossing anecdotes and provocative critical inquiry while debunking misconceptions. Extensive back matter and illustrations round out this completely captivating volume.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
The Walking Fish
 Kopel Burk
  Book Jacket
2016
Welcome to Mars: Making a Home on the Red Planet
 Buzz Aldrin
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781426322068 With Marianne J. Dyson. Astronaut Aldrin, drawing on his lifetime of science and space experiences, invites readers to imagine themselves among the first people to visit Mars. Detailed considerations of the technology needed for extended space travel, exploration, and colonization alternate with descriptions of and photographs from prior Mars missions. Several included activities encourage readers to explore related science concepts. Reading list, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781426322068 Gr 4-8-Drawing on his experiences as an astronaut, Aldrin takes readers on a journey to the Red Planet. Written in the first person, Aldrin's narrative addresses his audience as though they are part of the first group to populate Mars. The history of space travel is covered-students will get a sense of just how much has been discovered over the years to make this "journey" a possibility-as well as what we know about Mars itself (the surface, gases, dust). Aldrin discusses what readers will need to do to successfully inhabit the planet, such as finding a home and growing food. Activities including making "Swiss cheese" terrain and comparing the sizes of Mars and Earth are interspersed throughout, offering potential astronauts an idea of what to expect on a voyage to Mars. Colorful images, a time line, and a map of Mars enhance the text. VERDICT A solid option for readers doing school reports or those curious about exploring a new frontier.-Denise Moore, formerly at O'Gorman Junior High School, Sioux Falls, SD © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781426322068 Apollo 11 astronaut Aldrin welcomes young people to his crew for a journey to build the first city on Mars, while related passages fill in information about the planet and the challenges of colonizing it. Aldrin wrote the book with Dyson, a science writer, physicist, and one-time NASA flight controller. The text includes first-person narrative passages directed at the reader (It will be our job to build the first city on Mars), as well as fact-packed informational sections. Brightening almost every page of this colorful book are photos, NASA images of space objects, and digital pictures (sometimes incorporating photo elements) of imagined scenes that occasionally look stilted. A number of hands-on activities are included, with small-print directions and modest photos as illustrations. The book's text and the visuals sometimes strike a tone intended for younger kids, while at other times they seem to target an older audience. Aldrin's name will draw readers among space-exploration fans, including the many who see Mars as the next frontier.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2016
Welcome to New Zealand:
Book Jacket   Sandra Morris
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780763674779 In this nature journal, Morris, a native of New Zealand, combines her love for her country's natural world with suggestions for young naturalists to create their own journals. Just as her journal reflects New Zealand's flora and fauna, children are encouraged to record the native plants and animals encountered in their own lives. In the introduction, Morris identifies parts of a bird and a flower, sketches important materials and tools for nature observers, and illustrates the creative use of fonts and color. Next she takes readers on a visual and textual trip through a garden, a beach, the sky, and more each described and sketched or painted in delicate detail. Text boxes taped to the page offer tips, such as how to arrange and sketch seed pods or do leaf rubbings. The New Zealand focus could limit appeal, but the sound journaling principles have a universal quality. As much an exercise in artistic expression as naturalistic observation, Morris' lovely guide encourages kids to explore and appreciate the world around them.--Petty, J. B. Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763674779 Gr 3-6-A beautifully designed guide to keeping a nature journal. Morris provides examples of different activities that children might want to use their journals for, such as keeping a moon and cloud log, drawing birds from the forest and swamplands, and leaf pressing. Gentle illustrations, rendered in pen, pencil charcoal, crayon, and watercolor, take center stage, with brief bits of text describing what might be found in different locations. Directions are also simple; information on keeping tadpoles to observe their metamorphosis, for example, is limited to one paragraph, with little detail on how to find, raise, and house them. Nor is there clear guidance on how readers should draw what they see; the illustrations are more inspirational than instructive. In keeping with the hand-produced theme, there is different lettering for each of the headings. While most of the flora and fauna mentioned here are from New Zealand, there are also a number of plants and creatures common in Europe and North America. Though a title on nature journals might be a useful addition, most North American children may overlook this one because of the emphasis on New Zealand. VERDICT While this charming work is attractive and inspirational, it may not find its intended audience in every library.-Michelle Anderson, Tauranga City Libraries, New Zealand © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763674779 Morris urges budding scientists to look keenly at the world around them and keep a "nature journal" ("Since I live in New Zealand, my observations are based on...that region...each person's nature journal is unique"). The text is upbeat and encouraging, and the naturalistic mixed-media illustrations are lovely, but the mishmash of suggestions can be a little hard to follow. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
When the Earth Shakes: Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis
Book Jacket   Simon Winchester
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780670785360 The author combines scientific information about volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis and detailed considerations of major historical events with his own personal experiences as a geologist and science writer. The text includes excellent explanations of the ways in which geologists conduct research, reason from evidence, and develop theories. Impressive modern and historical photographs, many depicting wreckage, are included. Reading list, websites. Ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780670785360 Gr 5-8-Winchester, a journalist and former geologist, examines earth-shaking phenomena. In the opening pages, the author discusses his experience on a university research team that confirmed the key scientific theory of continental drift; his powerful writing conveys the excitement of discovery. After this first chapter, descriptions of earthquakes, volcanos, and tsunamis are told in the third person. This contrast between personal narrative and straightforward factual writing is incredibly effective and makes the book an excellent mentor text for demonstrating the differences among various narrative styles. The visuals, too, are strong. Spectacular photographs are included, such as an aerial view of the San Andreas fault and images of the devastation following the 2004 tsunami. A reproduction of Edvard Munch's The Scream is included, and Winchester explains that the vivid sunset that the artist portrayed was caused by dust from the volcanic eruption of Krakatoa. There are several diagrams of cross-cuts of the rock formations found below the surface of the earth (with simple yet thorough captions). Information about the Richter scale and a similar scale that describes volcanos' intensity are also incorporated. The in-depth index is outstanding. An afterword warns readers of the importance of protecting the planet, and Winchester closes with the words "We inhabit this planet subject to geological consent-which can be withdrawn at any time, and without notice." VERDICT A must-buy for libraries serving middle school, this title works both as a basic overview of earth science and as a fine example of how to incorporate personal narrative into nonfiction.-Amy Thurow, New Glarus School District, WI © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2016
Wild at Heart: Mustangs and the Young People Fighting to Save Them
 Terri Farley
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544392946 Gr 5-8-Wearing her heartfelt agenda on both sleeves, Farley focuses on the plight of feral horses in this country, which are, in her view, being brutally rounded up by the thousands and either relocated or auctioned to "kill buyers" for animal food. Along with statistics (which, she claims, are hard to pin down due to government "secrecy and disorganization"), she presents comments from researchers, uncomfortably explicit eyewitness reports from observers, and even a set of tweets that she sent during an auction as evidence of ongoing cruel treatment and poor management. In appeals to the emotions that are underscored by Farlow's lyrical photos of mustangs running free or posing in graceful stances, Farley also describes the social behavior of wild horses, their history on this continent (cogently arguing that they are still "native species" despite having died out and later reintroduced by European settlers), and the achievements of rescue workers from early champion Velma Johnston to nine young current activists. VERDICT An urgent call to action, supported with detailed endnotes and a substantial bibliography.-John Peters, Children's Literature Consultant, New York City © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544392946 Wild horses were officially declared symbols of the American West in 1971, but it was a long road to get them there, and the effort to protect them is far from over. From the campaign of animal-rights activist Velma Johnston (known as Wild Horse Annie), beginning in the 1950s, to the efforts of teenagers today, a small but determined group has fought to preserve wild mustangs and to combat the unethical treatment they still face. This volume reaches back into the evolutionary history of the horse before turning a sharp eye to the herd dynamics of wild herds today and the danger mustangs are in due to rough roundups that end with many being sent to slaughterhouses. Interspersed throughout the text are various eyewitness accounts that detail the actions of activists, photographers, and advocates, both on the range and at auctions. The finished book boasts a crisp, square layout with exceptionally eye-catching photography, and a final chapter on children and teens involved in the fight to save wild horses is particularly evocative and will surely usher in a new generation of activists.--Reagan, Maggie Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544392946 Beginning with "Wild Horse Annie," the 1950s activist who secured protections for America's wild horses, this wide-ranging volume explores horses' prehistoric ancestors, herd dynamics, the horrors of government roundups, and today's young activists fighting to make a difference. Emotional language and first-person sidebars try to recruit readers to the cause, while crisp color photos depict beautiful horses in their natural habitats. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
About Habitats: Polar Regions
 by Cathryn Sill
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781561458325 This picture-book introduction to polar areas sets the stage with three round maps of Earth: one centered on the equator, another on the Arctic, and a third on Antarctica. Each right-hand page in the book's main section features a large, distinctive watercolor painting of wildlife in the Arctic or Antarctic, while the facing page carries a brief identification of the locale and any animals pictured, as well as a line or two of simply written text pertaining to the scene. Some creatures are shown on snow or tundra, while others are in the air, beneath the sea, or (in cross-sectional scenes) hibernating in underground dens or tunneling beneath the snow. In the afterword, each picture appears in miniature along with additional information on the animals and other features shown, such as permafrost and the aurora australis (southern lights). Given the demand for informational picture books on Arctic and Antarctic regions and their wildlife, libraries will find this a particularly useful addition to the Sills' handsome About Habitats series.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781561458325 K-Gr 2-In the most recent addition to this series, the husband-and-wife team cover the Arctic and Antarctica. The author's experience as an elementary teacher is evident in her ability to explain complex topics in simple but never condescending text. The verso features a fairly general explanatory statement, while the recto contains a beautifully painted watercolor, labeled with the name of the plant or animal species depicted. The book opens with a map, while the back matter includes more in-depth information about the flora and fauna portrayed. VERDICT A solid read-aloud to introduce young children to this area of the world.-Maggie Chase, Boise State University, ID © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781561458325 One simple sentence of text faces a detailed full-page painting of a feature (e.g., a narwhal, Antarctic hair grass) of a polar region, both Arctic and Antarctic. Each numbered plate corresponds to an afterword containing a paragraph about the feature and further information. Easily accessible initially, the information expands with the reader's skill; repeating labels would improve coordination of text and afterword. Websites. Bib., glos. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Ada Byron Lovelace and the Thinking Machine
Book Jacket   by Laurie Wallmark
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Two hundred years after her birth in 1815, the world is finally beginning to pay attention to Ada Byron Lovelace, considered by many to be the inventor of computer programming. Computer scientist and debut author Wallmark introduces her subject as a child fascinated by numbers, lucky enough to be born to a geometry-loving mother with the means and inclination to nurture her daughter's talents. She focuses on her subject's adolescence, choosing details that highlight Lovelace's development as a mathematical genius. The girl sketches models for flying machines, works endless calculations to compute the wings' poweryoung readers will sympathize as they hear how "writing for so long made her fingers hurt"and studies a toy boat to see how minute adjustments to its sails affect its speed. A bout of measles that leaves her temporarily blind and paralyzed serves to further hone her brilliance, as her mother drills her with math problems. She is perfectly positioned for her fateful meeting with Charles Babbage, whose proposed Analytical Engine prompts her to write the algorithm (described as "a set of mathematical instructions") that becomes the world's very first computer program. Chu's illustrations, digitally colored in a deep, jewel-toned palette, accompany the lively prose. Lovelace is a Pre-Raphaelite beauty set against a backdrop of teeming Victorian interiors littered with diagrams and pages of figures; children will enjoy spotting the girl's loyal cat. A splendidly inspiring introduction to an unjustly overlooked woman. (author's note, timeline, bibliography) (Picture book/biography. 5-8) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781939547200 Gr 1-4-This well-written and handsomely illustrated picture book biography details how Ada Lovelace Byron was able to write the first computer program more than 100 years before the first computer was built. Ever since she was a young girl, Lovelace was fascinated by numbers. As she was growing up, she filled her journals with ideas for inventions and equations. Her mother provided tutors to further develop Lovelace's passion for mathematics. When one of these tutors invited Lovelace and her mother to a gathering of scientists, she met the famous mathematician and inventor Charles Babbage. He was so impressed by Lovelace's knowledge that he invited her to his laboratory, where she learned about his idea for an Analytical Engine, a mechanical computer that would solve difficult problems by working them through step-by-step. She realized that this "computer" would only work if it were provided with detailed instructions, and after much work, she succeeded in writing what is now referred to as the first computer program and in creating the profession of computer programming. The descriptive text and dazzling spreads work seamlessly to provide a sense of Lovelace's growing passion for mathematics and invention. The illustrations reflect the 19th-century setting and contain numerous supporting details. For example, gears that will eventually become part of the design of the Analytic Engine are featured throughout: in the corners of the title page, on the pages of Ada's journals, and on Babbage's chalkboard. VERDICT An excellent addition to STEM collections.-Myra Zarnowski, City University of New York © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781939547200 *Starred Review* Although her father, the Romantic poet Lord Byron, was bewitched by language, it was numbers that captured Ada Byron Lovelace's imagination. Raised by her mother, known as the Princess of Parallelograms for her passion for geometry, young Ada filled journals with invention ideas, particularly a flying machine. When the measles left Ada blind and paralyzed for years, her mother kept her mind sharp with number problems. And, of course, Ada dreamed of her flying machine. A healthier, teenage Ada was tutored by the accomplished female mathematician Mary Fairfax Somerville, and she was introduced to Charles Babbage and his Difference Machine, a revolutionary calculator. Despite their age difference (she 17 and he 41), Ada was considered an equal, and Babbage asked for her help with his Analytical Engine, a mechanical computer. As she spent months creating an algorithm for the machine, she developed a new profession: computer programming. Soft, delicate yet detailed illustrations evoke Ada's wonder and accomplishments, with a final spread depicting a spacecraft a flying machine come true running a computer language called Ada in her honor. Back matter offers more information on Ada's life and the world's first computer program. A beautiful tribute to this female computer pioneer.--Leeper, Angela Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
After the Ashes
Book Jacket   Sara K Joiner
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780823434411 Joiner uses the devastating 1883 eruption of the volcano Krakatau as the basis of her first book. When readers meet 13-year-old Katrien Courtlandt, she is writing an admiring letter to Charles Darwin from her home in Java, where she has just finished reading On the Origin of Species. In her spare time, she collects beetles to contribute to his research, but her father and aunt-believing she has become too unladylike and unsociable-limit her time in the jungle, try to teach her how to run a household, and encourage her to spend time with a "polite and kind" girl named Brigitta, rather than her native friend Slamet. When Krakatau erupts, ash fall and tsunamis wipe out the majority of the population of Katrien's town, claiming the lives of many close to her; Katrien and Brigitta form a reluctant partnership, which transforms into a friendship. Joiner's story is slow to start, but once the eruption and its aftermath are underway, it shifts into a breakneck, and often heartbreaking, coming-of-age survival story. Ages 10-up. Agent: Carrie Pestritto, Prospect Agency. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823434411 In 1883 Java, after the eruption of Krakatau and the tsunami, rival colonist girls Katrien and Brigitta must endure the harsh tragedy of their circumstances (including death of family members) to survive. Strong-willed aspiring scientist Katrien's obsession with Darwin proves helpful but feels forced at times. Some impacts of Dutch East Indies colonialism are cursorily addressed in the story. An author's note adds historical details. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823434411 Gr 4-6-Based on the catastrophic explosion of the volcano island Krakatoa in 1883, Joiner's historical novel tells the story of 13-year-old Katrien, a Dutch girl who has spent her entire life in the Dutch East Indies. She feels most at home exploring the jungle with her best friend, Slamet, an indigenous boy, and collecting beetles to prove Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Katrien is also close to her father, who has encouraged her interest in the natural world, until recently when he seems to have joined forces with Tante Greet to teach Katrien to become "a productive member of society." After a series of events, both in the natural world and in Katrien's close-knit community, which foreshadow the impending disaster, Krakatoa erupts, leaving Katrien alone to navigate the destruction and chaos on her beloved island. She joins forces with another survivor, Brigitta Burkart, who had been Katrien's closest friend until Brigitta's 10th birthday when the two girls dramatically parted ways. Alone in the jungle with all familiar markings washed away by destructive waves, the girls make their way through realistically portrayed scenes of human loss, come to terms with their youthful misjudgments, and realize that their survival depends on mutual trust and collaboration. VERDICT Recommend this adventurous and often heart-stopping novel to fans of Katherine Rundell's Cartwheeling in Thunderstorms (S. & S., 2014) and Andrea Davis Pinkney's The Red Pencil (Little, Brown, 2014).-Shelley Sommer, Inly School, Scituate, MA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Joiner's debut novel draws readers in with familiar themes but raises the stakes by setting it during one of modern history's most violent natural disastersthe eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883. Born in the Dutch East Indies, Katrien Courtlandt is Dutch by ancestry but Javanese by all other accounts. Katrien struggles to fit into the mold of a 13-year-old Dutch girl and would much rather be exploring the jungle with her best friend, indigenous boy Slamet, than learning how to sew from Tante Greet, who is trying to groom her into the perfect Dutch lady. Her carefree days end when Mount Krakatau erupts, spewing ash across the sky and snatching everything dear to herher father, her aunt, her friend, and her home. As fate would have it, Katrien is thrown together with her nemesis, Brigitta, and the rivals must overcome their differences to survive not just the loss of their families, but also deadly tsunamis and extreme thirst and hunger. Despite contrived speech patterns (why do indigenous people speak Dutch translated into broken English and "in a thick accent" generations after the Dutch arrived?) and inaccuracies (a "kampong" is a village not a thatched cottage, and the so-called Javanese language used is actually Bahasa Indonesia), the story is saved by an intriguing, if at times incredible, storyline. Despite cultural slips, this heart-rending story of love and loss, family ties, and friendship will keep readers hooked till the end. (Historical fiction. 10-15) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780823434411 In 1883, 13-year-old Katrien lives with her father, a Dutch official, and her aunt in an island town within sight of a volcanic island, Krakatau. Her former friend Brigitta and the other girls at school view her hobby of collecting insects with disgust, while she disdains their interest in boys and bustles and babies. But when the volcano erupts and tidal waves wipe out their community, Katrien and Brigitta must depend upon each other to survive a harrowing ordeal. A subplot involving Katrien's childhood friendship with an Indonesian boy raises issues related to social structure, class consciousness, and colonial power. The strongest part of the novel is the characterization of Katrien, which enables readers to believe that she could survive the catastrophic events that kill nearly everyone around her. In her first novel, Joiner brings together a great deal of historical background material related to the Dutch East Indies, relations between colonials and native Indonesians, and the eruption of the volcano. An absorbing adventure story with a vividly drawn setting.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
Ancient Earth Journal: The Early Cretaceous:
 by Juan Carlos Alonso, Gregory S. Paul
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781633220331 Dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals are presented as if on the pages of a naturalist's journal. Multiple sketches of each species provide details on anatomy, size, and behaviors, carefully combining artistic interpretation with known facts about the creature. Notes that explain conditions in the featured period (100144 million years ago) accompany the illustrations. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781633220331 Gr 3-6-Similar in tone to Henry Gee and Luis V. Rey's fictional A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs: The Essential Handbook for Travelers in the Mesozoic, this so-called journal includes facts and a great deal of guesswork. Presented as a paleontologist or explorer's field notebook, with color-washed pen and ink drawings, it is a "record of sightings and observations" during the early Cretaceous period. There's a bit of speculation here. For example, do we know Acrocanthosaurus was "solitary, very aggressive"? Probably the latter, as it was a large theropod, but did it "attack prey by biting the hindquarters"? It was found in Oklahoma, Texas, and Wyoming; was in the family Charcharodontosauridae; was big; and might very likely have looked like the tawny-washed illustrations and sketches stretching over four pages. But for young readers, this commingling of definitive fact and speculation can be misleading. However, the attractive design will spark children's imaginations. VERDICT Presenting current facts with a soupcon of creativity, this eye-catching title will be coveted by young dinophiles.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781633220331 The high-quality illustrations of this short but fascinating book are a sign of the expertise of the creators: Alonso is an artist and graphic designer, and Paul is an illustrator and researcher who worked on projects such as Jurassic Park. Though they cover only 19 dinosaurs (plus 2 early birds), they do give readers a good overview of life during the early Cretaceous period. The dinosaurs are organized into four suborders: theropods, sauropods, ornithischians, and pterosaurs. Each suborder's section offers examples of some of the dinosaurs it classifies and covers a range of sizes and scientific families. There are informational passages at the beginning of each section offering detailed descriptions of each suborder, but the real draw for budding paleontologists are the illustrations, which are realistic, in full color, and labeled, much like an old-fashioned nature journal. The only thing missing are details on how the artists developed their vision of each dinosaur, but that is a small quibble for a book that is sure to be popular with dinosaur-mad readers.--Wildsmith, Snow Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Two accomplished paleoartists invite armchair paleontologists to go eye to eye with 21 dinosaurs and flying reptiles. Each chosen dino is presented in a two- to four-page gallery of full-body color portraits supplemented with sepia close-ups of claws and maws. They range from toothy theropods like Carcharodontosaurus saharicusposed with jaws open, closed, and drenched in goreand towering sauropod Argentinosaurus huinculensis to Enaliornis barretti, an early bird. All are carefully identified and caught in natural poses with faint shadows but almost no other background detail. Nearly all gaze directly up at viewers with predatory or (if vegetarian) cautionary mien. Their physical details and brightly patterned, scaly hides are worked with fine-lined realism, and colors, particularly in feathers, glow iridescently. Each entry includes a tally of basic information, a select set of descriptive labels, and a scale drawing of the creature next to a (usually much smaller) human figure. Perhaps in an effort to add verisimilitude, though, the authors salt the captions and commentary with unsupported notes on "Temperament" and behavior ("Microraptor emits a high-pitched squawk"), nor do they cite any sources or leads to further information. Eye candy for both serious and casual dinophiles, with an admixture of facts and fancies. (pronunciation guide) (Nonfiction. 8-11) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2015
Animal Mouths
 by Mary Holland
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781628555523 In this companion to Holland's Animal Eyes (2014), photographs and concise text examine the mouths belonging to hawks, butterflies, beavers, weasels, and other creatures. The layout is bare-bones, with white text dropped inelegantly onto the images, but Holland takes care to identify the 12 animals she photographs, while introducing pertinent vocabulary (molars, prey) and some enticing trivia (robber flies "use their piercing-sucking mouthparts to drink the [liquified] insides of their prey"). While nicely shot and framed, the photographs do a mixed job of actually showcasing the animals' mouths; supplemental images of certain animals' skulls help compensate, and back matter provides additional information, activities, and resources. Ages 4-8. (Apr.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781628555523 Close-up photographs accompany this discussion of a variety of animals' mouths. Different types of teeth, beaks, and mandibles are featured along with explanations of how each mouth and its unique components are best suited for each animal. Simple (but overly long in places) text makes this suitable for beginning nature enthusiasts. Back matter provides review and encourages further exploration. Glos. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Bilby: Secrets of an Australian Marsupial
Book Jacket   by Edel Wignell
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763667597 With charm and appreciation for their full range of behaviors, Wignell conveys information about bilbies through the perspective of a growing baby bilby and the nocturnal movements of its mother as she forages for food in an Australian desert filled with predators and danger. Jackson's impressionistic brushstrokes and contrasting colors of the blue-tinged bilbies in the oranges of Australia emphasize their darting and twitching movements. Ind. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Birdology: 30 Activities and Observations for Exploring the World of Birds
Book Jacket   by Monica Russo
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781613749494 This wide-format guide to everything avian is a great starting point for burgeoning bird-watchers. Each chapter offers a dizzying wealth of information about birds and their songs, field markings, beaks, wings, diet, behavior, habitats, and more. Russo also includes helpful activities encouraging basic observation skills that range from the exceedingly easy (listen to bird calls; look at different types of feathers) to the more complicated (build a bird feeder; plant a hummingbird garden; help prevent window collisions). A closing chapter on bird banding, wildlife rehabilitation, and conservancy, moreover, encourages kids to consider the environment and civilization's effects both positive and negative on bird populations and reminds them of the many current laws protecting birds. Though the chapter organization is a bit confusing and the sheer volume of facts about myriad types of birds would have benefited from even more illustrations, there is enough information and photos of birds in these pages not to mention the emphasis on recording observations, a cornerstone of many scientific disciplines that those drawbacks are fairly minimal. Nature lovers will likely have a field day.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2014 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781613749494 Gr 4-6-One way to address today's "nature deficit" is to focus on the birds outside almost every window. Observation activities set off in color text boxes are designed to develop observation skills and cultivate an understanding of bird behavior. Each chapter focuses on a different aspect of birds, such as field marks, beaks and feet, wings, eyes and nests, and more. Feathers make birds unique, and the first chapter describes the different kinds. Color photos of wing and tail feathers highlight their different shapes, and photographs of birds in flight show how the feathers function. One "Eyes Only" box explains that since picking up a wild bird feather is not only illegal but also not healthy, looking without touching is best. "Try This" boxes highlight such activities as bird feeding, walking like a heron, and building a small brush pile where birds can roost. One "Listen For" alerts novice bird observers to figure out different bird songs, calls and alarm signals, and the honking and quacking of birds in flight. An excellent glossary of "Bird Words" provides definitions, and the four-page index differentiates pictures from text with italics. Beautifully illustrated with full color photographs and sketches, this is sure to create new bird watchers.-Frances E. Millhouser, formerly at Fairfax County Public Library, VA (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A longtime nature columnist invites young people to use their eyes, ears, hands and minds to learn about birds. More than an introduction, this is an immersion in the world of birding. Chapter by chapter, the author discusses field marks, beaks and feet, wings, eyes and nests, habitats, feeding, migration, and ways to protect and nurture birds. Each chapter also includes directions for activities: things to look and listen for, things to make and do. The author's stated aim is "to foster independent study by careful observation and hands-on activities." While many of the birds described and pictured are labeled, the focus isn't naming but what else readers might learn through close attention. Her lengthy text is full of information, presented in a chatty, conversational way that often directly addresses readers: "By now you might be confused." While the author adds interesting facts about birds from faraway places, she's mostly discussing birds that will be familiar to residents of the United States and southern Canada. (Both author and photographer live in Maine.) She even suggests observing chickens. The activities are relatively simple and could easily be done independently or as a family or class project. For older readers or adults who hope to encourage young nature watchers, a thorough and interesting exploration. (Nonfiction. 9 up) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2015
Call of the Osprey
 by Dorothy Hinshaw Patent
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232686 Gr 5-8-Patent's lucid prose and Muñoz's clear color photos work together to document the efforts of the Montana Osprey Project, which studies the negative effects of toxic metals released into the environment during mining operations on these raptors. The book follows three scientists-Erick Greene, Heiko Langner, and Rob Domenech-as they study established pairs during the nesting season. They band osprey chicks, take blood samples and feather clippings for chemical analysis, fit birds with electronic transmitters to follow their wanderings, scoop silt from riverbeds to check for pollutants, and focus two webcams on osprey nests to check on parenting skills and chick development. The trio also talk with wildlife biology students and cooperate with locals who are fascinated by ospreys. Sidebars abound on a wide variety of topics, many pertaining to the ospreys: their biology, food, nesting behaviors, and migration patterns. Others include biographical background on the three scientists, an article on a young student and her experiments on fish in metal-contaminated waters, and information about the use of mercury in mining operations and the dangers that baling twine poses to nest building ospreys. An extensive author's note describes Patent's experience with some very far-flung pollution. VERDICT An exciting addition to a stellar series.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232686 Readers learn basic osprey information from Montana Osprey Project scientist Erick Greene's presentation to a high school group. Patent thoroughly describes the raptors' behaviors as well as field and laboratory research conducted by the scientists. The pages are filled with current and historical photographs; biographical sketches of scientists and students; and details about the region's ecological history. Reading list, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544232686 From the Scientists in the Field series, this handsome volume introduces the Montana Osprey Project, beginning with an empty nest. Awaiting the annual return of the ospreys, it sits on a platform atop a tall pole. Nearby, Patent and Muñoz watch as a roofing truck lifts two scientists up to adjust a webcam aimed at the nest. Well researched and clearly written, the text offers plenty of information about ospreys in the area and the work of the scientists who study them. They band the chicks, take blood and feather samples, and track pollutants in the local environment, where heavy metals can sometimes be traced to runoff from old mines. Sidebars tackle topics such as Superfund sites, DDT, and the hazards of plastic baling twine in osprey nests. One engaging, diarylike feature pairs written observations with photos of the adult birds, their eggs, and the chicks as they grow and prepare to fly. Illustrated with many fine color photos, this is a solid addition to science collections.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Ospreys, severely affected by DDT in the 1960s, now serve as indicators for the success of pollution remediation on a Superfund cleanup site. Scientists from the Montana Osprey Project invite the public to share their enthusiasm for these amazing raptors, bringing young people to visit the nests and maintaining two webcams while carrying on the work of collecting and analyzing samples of blood and feathers from osprey chicks along the Clark Fork River. Patent introduces the birds and the project, explaining environmental issues resulting from mining in the Clark Fork area, various dangers for ospreys, and the research. A chapter of osprey observations done through Web cameras, watching two pairs raise their chicks, is followed by an explanation of the problem of mercury and then a description of the attachment of transmitters to these birds to research migration patterns. There's a great deal of information crammed into this title; many sidebars and special sections interrupt the exposition. Readers without a solid science background may have difficulty following the steps of data analysis. Libraries still holding Patent and Muoz's Ospreys (1993) will find that simpler title a helpful overview of the species, but this one demonstrates how studying these birds may help address some knottier scientific problems. More science than adventure, this is a challenging addition to the Science in the Field series. (Nonfiction. 12-16) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2015
Chocolate: Sweet Science and Dark Secrets of the Worlds Favorite Treat
 by Kay Frydenborg
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544175662 Gr 6-8-This fascinating book presents a deep, multifaceted glimpse at a delectable dessert: chocolate. Engaging-even witty in places-and enlightening, it gives a history of the sweet treat, speculating about its little-known origins 1,500 years ago in the Upper Amazon Basin of South America, exploring its role in the European conquest of Central and South America, and discussing the dark side of chocolate: the use of slave labor to grow and harvest it. Frydenborg examines the development of chocolate as an industry in Europe and America in the 18th and 19th centuries. The book also goes into the science of the confection, such as why it's considered so tasty and its potential health benefits. Along the way, Frydenborg seamlessly weaves in information about relevant historical figures, including confectioner Milton S. Hershey; Russian scientist Nikolai Vavilov, who traced the origins of the cacao tree; and explorers such as Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizzaro. Photographs enhance readers' understanding, though the recipes and sidebars are occasionally distracting. Robert Burleigh's celebrated Chocolate: Riches from the Rainforest (Abrams, 2002), aimed at elementary school students, is better designed, but those looking for a more detailed history for an older audience would do well to consult Frydenborg's work. VERDICT An excellent and highly original addition to history collections.-Shauntee Burns-Simpson, New York Public Library, Staten Island (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780544175662 Frydenborg (Wild Horse Scientists) examines the considerable impact, both good and bad, that chocolate and the cacao tree have had and continue to have on cultures around the globe in this wide-ranging treatment of the subject. Primarily a chronological history of the tropical plant and its deliciously addictive by-products, the fascinating, fast-moving narrative also delves into the socioeconomic, scientific, and culinary importance of the cacao bean. Recipes, from Aztec foaming chocolate to Toll House cookies, conclude many of the 13 chapters, which include "Tree of Myth and Money" and "Candy, Food, or Medicine?" A full-color insert includes photos of the tree itself and modern-day Peruvian cacao farmers, as well as reproductions of artwork depicting Mesoamerican people and events touched by chocolate. With a rise in social justice, sustainable food sourcing, and global warming, the author considers how the crop might benefit the Amazonian rainforest and its native peoples: "Could chocolate be the key to preserving this precious, threatened ecosystem and to helping people whose livelihood depends on it?" A bibliography, website list, and time line conclude this expansive chocolate primer. Ages 12-up. (Apr.)? © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544175662 Frydenborg explores chocolate's complex history, from the cacao tree's probable origins to today's Big Candy, without sugarcoating the sweet's "dark secrets." The book closes by covering modern-day attempts to make chocolate production more sustainable and ethical. Informative sidebars, photos and maps, and historical recipes interspersed throughout, plus a full-color photographic insert, enhance the presentation. Timeline, websites. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544175662 The history of chocolate is a troubling one, riddled as it is with slavery, exploitation, and risky environmental practices, and the food itself, particularly its health benefits, is often a source of mystery. Frydenborg sets out to untangle that mystery, beginning with chocolate's vital role in ancient Mesoamerican culture, its discovery by conquistadores, and its eventual worldwide popularity. Today, as demand for chocolate starts to outpace supply, scientists and growers are seeking out ways to adopt more sustainable cultivation practices as well as searching for wild cacao trees, which might offer clues about the plant's origin. Covering controversy over labor laws, the chemical makeup of chocolate, and recent attempts to map the cacao genome, Frydenborg offers a wealth of information that will likely encourage students to think critically about the ecological and human cost of their favorite candies and maybe even prompt them to choose sustainable alternatives. This is a great choice for school projects or chocolate fans curious about their beloved treat.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Stories of ancient cultures, religion, conquest, slavery, privilege, invention, medicine, culinary experimentation, science and more are all confected together in this flavorful, richly textured historical chronicle of chocolate.Once confined to religious rituals and royalty, consumption of chocolate is now an $83 billion worldwide business, with the average European eating 24 pounds per year and the average U.S. citizen, 11 pounds per year. Frydenborg begins this fascinating history in Mesoamerica, where cocoa beans were used as currency; it was so valuable that its consumption was reserved for emperors. The conquistadors brought cocoa to Europe, where its popularity grew quickly among the privileged. With the decimation of indigenous populations thanks to European invaders, African slaves had to be imported for cocoa bean cultivation. The kind of chocolate we know today was developed through experimentation in the 19th century. We have the Swiss to thank for milk chocolate and the Dutch for the chocolate bar. The author lays it all out in a lively text punctuated by archival illustrations, photographs and sidebars, taking care to impress upon readers that even today, chocolate is more than just dessert. Its medicinal properties and applications have long been noted, as has its usefulness as a stimulant. A deliciously informative, engaging and sweeping chronicle of one of the most popular treats in the world. (timeline, bibliography, websites) (Nonfiction. 12-18) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544175662 Gr 6-8-This fascinating book presents a deep, multifaceted glimpse at a delectable dessert: chocolate. Engaging-even witty in places-and enlightening, it gives a history of the sweet treat, speculating about its little-known origins 1,500 years ago in the Upper Amazon Basin of South America, exploring its role in the European conquest of Central and South America, and discussing the dark side of chocolate: the use of slave labor to grow and harvest it. Frydenborg examines the development of chocolate as an industry in Europe and America in the 18th and 19th centuries. The book also goes into the science of the confection, such as why it's considered so tasty and its potential health benefits. Along the way, Frydenborg seamlessly weaves in information about relevant historical figures, including confectioner Milton S. Hershey; Russian scientist Nikolai Vavilov, who traced the origins of the cacao tree; and explorers such as Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizzaro. Photographs enhance readers' understanding, though the recipes and sidebars are occasionally distracting. Robert Burleigh's celebrated Chocolate: Riches from the Rainforest (Abrams, 2002), aimed at elementary school students, is better designed, but those looking for a more detailed history for an older audience would do well to consult Frydenborg's work. VERDICT An excellent and highly original addition to history collections.-Shauntee Burns-Simpson, New York Public Library, Staten Island © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Dirty Rats?
Book Jacket   by Darrin Lunde
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781580895668 Few animals are as maligned as rats, something mammal specialist Lunde knows well. "Dirty rats. Their beady eyes and naked tails make us scream. Eek! Aargh! Yikes!" he writes as a frightened woman in hair curlers tries to sweep rats off her apartment's fire escape. Lunde sets out to challenge misconceptions about these ubiquitous rodents, while introducing different rats from around the world, pointing out how they vary significantly from those seen in urban subway stations ("Not all rats have ugly, naked tails. The bushy-tailed cloud rat's tail is completely covered in fur"). Readers learn how rats scatter seeds that enable plants to grow and how laboratory rats help find cures for disease. Gustavson's typically lush oil paintings do their part to help sway opinions-his sewer rats come across as intelligent, curious, and even adorable. Ages 3-7. Illustrator's agent: Abigail Samoun, Red Fox Literary. (Feb.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580895668 Rats spread disease, but there's a positive side, too: some "help plants spread their seeds," and rats are a vital part of the food chain. Double-page oil paintings introduce various species around the world; the brief text mentions physical adaptations to different habitats. The presentation lacks depth, but given the subject, that might draw in rat-phobic readers. Websites. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580895668 Lunde starts out this closer shudder look at rats just how you might expect: in grimy subway tunnels and moonlit gutters, where rats swarm and scurry in the night. Rats are hated, hunted, trapped, and feared, and we see a harried woman bashing rats from her fire escape and rats approaching a skull-labeled mousetrap. But then Lunde, rat-apologist extraordinaire, suggests a broader view. Not all rats eat garbage; some, like the long-tailed marmoset rat, eat strictly bamboo. It continues from there: not all rats live in sewer pipes; some live in rivers. Not all rats scurry; some hop like a kangaroo. In smaller type, additional scientific information fills out further details about each atypical rat mentioned. Of course, none of this is quite enough to make rats cuddly, though there is a somewhat comical hard-luck-life expression in many of Gustavson's otherwise realistic oil depictions. The colors are especially evocative: the streaky browns of a tunnel, the steel blue of a street at night, the dark purple of mountain twilight. Rats: useful! Still kinda gross, though.--Kraus, Daniel Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
Egg: Natures Perfect Package
Book Jacket   by Robin Page
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. With their characteristic design and choice of intriguing details, this prolific author-illustrator pair introduces "nature's perfect package": the egg.An egg-shaped introduction encapsulates the main ideas of this latest offering in a series of titles exploring nature's wonders. Almost every animal begins life in an egg. Some, like human eggs, are nurtured internally, but many more develop outside. Eggs come in an astonishing variety of shapes, sizes, colors and numbers and are tended to in myriad ways or simply strewn, developing on their own. All contain what's necessary to form and nurture the new creature. Spread by spread readers learn about the range of egg layers, egg sizes, how many are lain and where, egg eaters, egg protection, packaging, carrying, incubation and emergence. A final spread looks inside the eggs of a chicken and alligator as each creature develops over time, in five stages from embryo to hatchling. Text in the upper-left corner of each spread presents the topic. Realistic torn- and cut-paper images set on a plain white background are identified and explained in short paragraphs. The backmatter includes thumbnails and further information about the 54 egg-laying creatures picturedfrom slugs and simple animals through insects, spiders, fish, amphibians and birds, plus two mammals (the mongoose and the platypus). Appealing, accessible and accurate, this is another admirable creation. (additional reading) (Informational picture book. 4-9) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780547959092 This attractive volume looks at animals that lay eggs, the qualities of those eggs, and how the parents protect, package, carry, and incubate them. Presented on two-page and four-page spreads, each topic begins with a brief discussion, several pictures showing different species, and informative captions. This approach offers a sense of the many, varied, and sometimes surprising ways that species have developed to deal with common issues. For example, where do they lay their eggs? Yes, a nest (cowbird) is one option. But so is a bare branch (white tern), water (horned starfish), a carnivorous pitcher plant (black-spotted sticky frog), or a spider's abdomen (spider wasp). Near the end of the book, parallel panels of illustrations show a chicken and an alligator developing inside their respective eggs. Created from cut and torn papers with interesting coloration and textures, Jenkins' distinctive illustrations show up well against the white backgrounds. This intriguing presentation will be an asset to many kindergarten and primary-grade classes.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2010 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780547959092 Gr 2-4-Jenkins and Page present a collection of facts about animals and their eggs. The layout is divided into spreads that present a different topic ("Where should I lay my eggs?" "Egg Packaging") in an introductory paragraph. That's followed by several examples ("Incubation" describes the male emperor penguin, which keeps eggs warm in a brood pouch), accompanied by beautiful illustrations rendered in Jenkins's trademark cut-and-torn paper collages, scattered across the page, leaving the copious amount of white space characteristic of this team's style. Some cases tend toward the grotesque (readers learn that the spider wasp stings a spider, lays her eggs on its body, and leaves it as food for her hatchlings), but all are presented in a purely scientific, factual tone. A diagram at the beginning of the book gives readers a look at the actual sizes of different eggs (a tarantula's, a leopard frog's, a scorpion fish's). The work concludes with cross-sectional diagrams of chicken and alligator eggs, showing the interior at different stages of development. There's also a list of very brief facts about each of the animals pictured. VERDICT Like Jenkins and Page's other works, this delightful purchase combines big, bold illustrations with intriguing science. A solid addition to the 590s.-Jill Ratzan, I. L. Peretz Community Jewish School, Somerset, NJ © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780547959092 Brief, clear paragraphs introduce each section of this exposition of "Nature's Perfect Package," including "Egg Layers," "Egg Eaters," and "Incubation." Attention to details such as scale and color inform the labeled torn- and cut-paper collage illustrations; captions are focused, helpful, and interesting. A final double-spread compares the internal development of a chicken and an alligator egg. Additional species facts appended. Reading list. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Emu
 by Claire Saxby
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763674793 The life cycle and habits of emus are told through the story of a male emu raising his young in an Australian eucalyptus forest (female emus depart after egg-laying). Spiky digital illustrations perfectly display the birds' hairlike feathering, their awkward-looking flightless movement, and the landscape's rough textures. On each spread, additional statistics and facts about emus accompany the main narrative. Ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763674793 K-Gr 3-This attractive picture book takes a look at emus, those strange-looking, flightless birds native to Australia. Byrne's sketchy, digitally created illustrations perfectly capture the essence of these scraggly birds, and the panoramic scenes of the Australian outback in the neutral tones of an arid savannah bring depth to the book. Saxby's simple text is ideal for curious readers. Each spread includes bits of a story about one particular bird, Emu, as well as basic animal facts. The narrative follows Emu as he watches over a brood of eggs, keeps them safe, and eventually raises his young (Saxby explains that emu fathers are the primary parents, as the mothers leave after laying eggs). VERDICT A strong choice for the 590s.-Dorcas Hand, Annunciation Orthodox School, Houston, TX © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780763674793 After Emu's mate lays her final egg and departs, he keeps the eggs safe and warm in their leafy ground nest for eight weeks, rarely leaving even to eat or drink. Finally, the eggs hatch. Emu guards the curious chicks and shows them how to find food. As they grow over the next six months, he guards them from predators. In one dramatic incident, he fights off an attacking eagle with his beak and claws. In this picture book first published in Australia, the story of Emu and his young family is printed in standard type as a read-aloud story, while small-type paragraphs in a hand-lettered font provide additional information related to elements in the narrative. A short index and a page of additional emu-related information are appended. A bit darker and edgier than standard picture-book illustrations of animals, the digital artwork is distinctive and handsome in its own way. A fine companion volume to Saxby and Byrne's Big Red Kangaroo (2015).--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2010 Booklist
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  Book Jacket
2015
Eyewitness Explorer: Nature Ranger
 by DK
  Book Jacket
 
2015
The Fantastic Ferris Wheel: The Story of Inventor George Ferris
Book Jacket   by Betsy Harvey Kraft
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781627790727 Nineteenth-century engineer George Ferris wanted to contribute something breathtaking to the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, and this beautifully crafted picture book shows readers how, in spite of widespread doubts, he came to design the world's first, enormous Ferris wheel. Salerno's multimedia art shows Ferris' boyhood fascination with water wheels, details of his design process, and the enthusiasm of the World's Fair attendees taking a ride. Kraft packs a lot of historical information into her narrative without overpowering the exciting story of Ferris fulfilling his thrilling dream, and the lasting influence his designs have had on the world. Excellent as a research source or an addition to STEM curriculum, this volume is likely to interest readers who delight in building and designing, and maybe even those who are timid about amusement-park rides. This kid-friendly resource is a solid choice for collections in need of thrill-ride histories or engineering and invention titles. Pair with Kathryn Gibbs Davis' Mr. Ferris and His Wheel (2014) for more freewheeling fun.--Goldsmith, Francisca Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781627790727 Gr 1-3-The planners of the 1893 Chicago World's Fair were looking for a spectacular, extraordinary, and never-before-seen attraction that would draw in huge crowds. The idea they eventually accepted was George Ferris's huge observation wheel-what we now call the Ferris wheel. An amazing and awe-inspiring crowd-pleaser, the wheel was 264 feet high and held 36 passenger cars, each of which could hold 60 passengers. This book chronicles the story of Ferris's invention, explains how he overcame the initial reluctance of the members of the fair committee, and describes the glorious success of the invention, despite a storm with gale-force winds that hit Chicago during the fair. The writing is crisp, clear, and descriptive, moving the story along at a quick pace. While the narrative flows smoothly, a number of thoughts and quotes attributed to Ferris are not documented. The book's strength are the dramatic, mixed-media illustrations, which capture the enormity of Ferris's wheel and its spectacular appearance when lit up at night, that steal the show. With an old-fashioned, vintage flavor perfect for the subject matter, these spreads accurately depict the wheel and Chicago in the 1800s-its buildings and its people. Pair with Kathryn Gibbs Davis's Mr. Ferris and His Wheel (HMH, 2014) for even more information about this remarkable invention. VERDICT A strong addition to book collections dealing with inventors and inventions and useful for discussing how written texts and illustrations work together.-Myra Zarnowski, City University of New York © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781627790727 Kraft and Salerno highlight the technical difficulties and skepticism that accompanied the creation of what's now known as the Ferris wheel as they profile inventor George Ferris. During preparations for the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago, Ferris presented designs for a steam engine-driven observation wheel with 36 passenger cars. Many doubted the plausibility (and safety) of such a mechanism, but on May 1, the wheel welcomed its first passengers to soaring success. Salerno's precisely drafted illustrations give a solid sense of the era, including intricate renderings of Chicago architecture and the construction of the wheel, while Kraft creates a genuine suspense in the lead-up to its debut. Ages 5-9. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781627790727 This absorbing picture-book biography of the engineer and inventor focuses on the design, construction, and success of his twenty-six-story observation wheel at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, later known as the Ferris wheel. Young readers will be drawn into Salerno's energetic, bright mixed-media illustrations, which strike the perfect balance between wonder, technical detail, and historical accuracy. "More About George Ferris" is appended. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Fire Birds
Book Jacket   by Sneed B. Collard III
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780984446070 Collard sets out to debunk the misconception that forest fires leave nothing but desolation in their wakes in this straightforward, informative book about bird life in the forest after a major burn. Opening on an ornithologist conducting field research, the text highlights numerous bird species that thrive in burned forests. Woodpeckers in particular seek out the wealth of beetle grubs in burned trees, and the cavities their nests leave behind are excellent, ready-made dwellings for other animals. Full-color photos of birds in charred trees and scientists in the field are interspersed among pages of large-print, clearly written text describing not only bird life but also the scientists' research process and the complicated ecology of managing forests after wildfires. Collard asserts that the majority of approaches to forest management everything from spending millions of dollars to prevent naturally occurring forest fires to turning swaths of forest into tree farms after a burn are not ecologically sound. Though some minor editing fumbles are irksome, the clear focus on ecology and critical-thinking skills is a plus.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780984446070 Gr 4-8-Blame it on Smokey the Bear and his "Only you can prevent forest fires!" campaign. We know today that the long-held U.S. Forest Service fire suppression policy led to a build-up of large amounts of dead wood and leaves, which, coupled with warmer temperatures and drier forests, has been responsible for some of the extreme fires witnessed in recent years. Adding to that information are the discoveries made by scientists studying these devastated areas, who have learned that various species flock to them and, in some cases, prefer them. In particular, Collard follows the work of Richard Hutto, a Montana ornithologist, who has been monitoring birds in charred landscapes since 1988. The book is both a look at the benefits of these potentially dangerous events of nature and an exploration of ecosystems that thrive in their wake. Wood-boring beetles that detect the infrared radiation emitted by fires arrive to lay eggs, and woodpeckers come to feast on the beetle larvae and nest. With a steady supply of food and fewer predators, avian young survive in greater numbers, and so it goes. The author also discusses private vs. public policy in response to forest fires and the questions surrounding the efficacy of salvage logging. Large print, glossy pages, and numerous full-page, up-close color photos of bird species add up to a handsome volume. VERDICT A book that will leave readers asking questions and challenging assumptions-and with a keener appreciation of our environment. A first purchase for most libraries.-Daryl Grabarek, School Library Journal © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780984446070 Beginning with a brief report lamenting wildfire danger and damage, Collard devotes the rest of the book to a contemporary, enlightened view of such fires, with specific birds as the main beneficiary of the resulting food and shelter. Salvage logging also receives thoughtful treatment as an economic boon but an ecological bust. Colorful nature photos illustrate the account. Reading list, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780984446070 Collard explores how a forest devastated by a fire slowly recuperates, focusing on the work of biologist Richard Hutto, who studies the birds that thrive in burned forests. Photographs of birds perched atop blackened tree trunks are striking and intriguing, as is the chronicle of Hutto's meticulous field work ("Dick discovered that birds don't just use or visit burned areas. Many birds depend on them"). Individual birds like the hairy woodpecker and mountain bluebird are profiled in sidebars, and a chart lists the birds that most frequently populate new burn areas. While Collard doesn't suggest that "we should let all fires run amuck," he challenges the practice of fire suppression, pointing to how the excess dead wood and vegetation have resulted in more extreme fires. The resounding message: forest fires offer an opportunity to learn more about nature's spectacular resilience. Ages 8-up. (Jan.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
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2015
Flying Cars: The True Story
 by Andrew Glass
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780618984824 Gr 5-8-Despite the promises of movies such as Back to the Future II, most of us do not ride in flying cars as of 2015. Glass explains why not in this intriguing work of history. Readers learn about many intriguing airplane-car hybrids, such as the Airphibian, invented by Robert Fulton, who flew his vehicle at 110 miles per hour, landed it, single-handedly converted it into a car in under five minutes, then "drove the convertible proudly into Manhattan at a breezy 55 miles per hour." These stories of invention are undeniably appealing, although Glass's storytelling sometimes obscures the history, and extraneous details occasionally distract from the book's focus. The author does not explicitly define the difference between a flying car and a plane with wheels. This distinction only becomes clear after a few chapters, and readers may be put off by lengthy technical descriptions. While a brief glossary follows the text, terms like carburetor, piston, gondola, and horsepower are not defined. VERDICT This flawed but fascinating book is best suited to larger collections and communities with strong interest in cars or aviation.-Rachel Anne Mencke, St. Matthew's Parish School, Pacific Palisades, CA © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780618984824 The concept of the flying car is the automotive industry's white whale. For years dreamers, tinkerers, engineers, and entrepreneurs have envisioned not just an airplane but a vehicle that could easily toggle between road and air travel at the flip of a switch. As readers would expect, the quest to achieve this goal has been full of danger, folly, and failure. From the earliest concepts, which predate the invention of the modern car, to surprisingly feasible incarnations of the Airphibian and plans currently still in development, Glass chronicles attempts of varying success. Many engineers came close to achieving their goals, and Glass celebrates the process of learning from mistakes as some inventors watch their visions crash and burn and then return to the drawing board to make revisions. Packed with period photographs, artists' renderings, and advertising ephemera that highlight the progression of prototypes, Glass' story of an idiosyncratic corner of the history of flight has ample eye-catching visual appeal. A revealing history celebrating thinkers who are not easily deterred, either by popular opinion or outright disaster.--Anderson, Erin Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780618984824 In this enthusiastic overview, young readers are introduced to a number of attempts to create a car that could also serve as a viable aircraft. Each chronological entry discusses the technology of an inventor's attempted design; features diagrams and archival photos, advertisements, and media clips; and offers reasons these vehicles never really caught on. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Cars that fly? Only in stories like Harry Potter or Chitty Chitty Bang Bang or fantasy films, right? Nope, flying cars have been in existence since the beginning of the 1900s. Who knew? Author-illustrator Glass departs from the world of picture books (The Wondrous Whirligig, 2003, etc.) to apply his hand to long-form nonfiction. And what a high-flying job he has done. He devotes a chapter to each of 14 visionary men who believed they could prove that cars and planes could be fused into one flying machine. First was Gustave Whitehead, who designed a bird-shaped glider named the Condor in 1901; the last was Daniel Zuck, who predicted squadrons of commuters in Plane-Mobiles. The names of their machines were as imaginative as their inventions: Henry Ford's Sky Flivver, Harold Pitcairn's Autogiro, and Buckminster Fuller's Dymaxion car are just a sampling. The fascinating details of the dangers and difficulties each man faced read smoothly and engagingly. Glass' research is extensive and impeccable, and the archival black-and-white photos provide visual context. All in all, it's a tremendous narrative-nonfiction debut for a creator who's long been associated with the 32-page format. Start your engines and get ready to take off for an amazing read. (author's note, glossary, source notes, bibliography) (Nonfiction. 9-13) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2015
Food Engineering:
 by Michael Burgan
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780531218983 Gr 5-8-Thorough, accurate, and engaging, these titles explore four unique STEM-related careers and convey their importance through engrossing text and striking photographs. Including rich historical context and fun nods to the past, such as the print ad for Tang circa 1966, the volumes focus on the current state of each innovative profession while considering where each may be headed in the years to come. What makes this series stand out is its currency. Students will learn about cutting-edge technology, from cotton candy-flavored green grapes to 3-D printers that create food. Interviews with professionals provide firsthand information, while sidebars such as "Career Stats" fill readers in on median annual salary, projected job growth, required education, and more. Both features succeed in presenting an honest look at the realities associated with the careers. Graphics appear on every page and present visuals that support the text, and a brief time line highlighting advancements in the field begins every chapter. Even the design of the table of contents feels fresh and is perfectly in line with the forward-thinking scientists at the heart of these innovative professions. VERDICT Delightful and dynamic additions. © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
The Fruits We Eat
Book Jacket   by Gail Gibbons
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823432042 K-Gr 3-Gibbons, the author of The Vegetables We Eat (Holiday House, 2007), now turns her attention to fruit. She begins by stating the importance of incorporating it into a healthy diet, the difference between annual and perennial varieties, and various ways to consume them (fresh, juices, sauces). The author provides details about how fruits grow: on plants, bushes, trees, and vines. Each section contains an informative, eye-catching heading; succinctly presented text; and delightful, cheery watercolor illustrations. Gibbons depicts examples of fruits that grow on different kinds of vegetation (for instance, pineapple plants, cherry trees), provides labeled cutaways of their parts, and describes how they are harvested. Readers learn the differences between wild and cultivated berries and what parts of various fruits are planted to produce more. The text also briefly covers large industrial farms and small fruit growers, fruit processing and transportation, and the fresh produce available in stores and farm stands. Kids will learn some surprising facts (for instance, olives are fruits), and a trivia section at the end may encourage further research. Stoke children's enthusiasm by pairing this useful overview with April Pulley Sayre's rousing Go, Go Grapes!: A Fruit Chant (S. & S., 2012). VERDICT A charming addition to nutrition and food units.-Marianne Saccardi, Children's Literature Consultant, Greenwich, CT (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823432042 With short, simple sentences, Gibbons presents an overview of fruit, discussing why we eat it; how it's grouped according to the type of plant it grows on, such as vines, trees, or bushes; and how it is grown, harvested, and shipped. The bright illustrations feature boxed diagrams, often with cross sections, that label the parts of many fruits. Websites. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823432042 K-Gr 3-Gibbons, the author of The Vegetables We Eat (Holiday House, 2007), now turns her attention to fruit. She begins by stating the importance of incorporating it into a healthy diet, the difference between annual and perennial varieties, and various ways to consume them (fresh, juices, sauces). The author provides details about how fruits grow: on plants, bushes, trees, and vines. Each section contains an informative, eye-catching heading; succinctly presented text; and delightful, cheery watercolor illustrations. Gibbons depicts examples of fruits that grow on different kinds of vegetation (for instance, pineapple plants, cherry trees), provides labeled cutaways of their parts, and describes how they are harvested. Readers learn the differences between wild and cultivated berries and what parts of various fruits are planted to produce more. The text also briefly covers large industrial farms and small fruit growers, fruit processing and transportation, and the fresh produce available in stores and farm stands. Kids will learn some surprising facts (for instance, olives are fruits), and a trivia section at the end may encourage further research. Stoke children's enthusiasm by pairing this useful overview with April Pulley Sayre's rousing Go, Go Grapes!: A Fruit Chant (S. & S., 2012). VERDICT A charming addition to nutrition and food units.-Marianne Saccardi, Children's Literature Consultant, Greenwich, CT © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. The prolific Gibbons tackles fruitshow they grow, their parts, and what portions we eat. Beginning with facts about perennial and annual fruits and how many servings children should aim for each day, the book then looks at how fruits can grow on plants, bushes, vines, and trees. Good vocabulary is introduced and defined along the waybotanist, pollination, cultivated. The middle of the book is taken up by individual looks at 13 different kinds of fruits that show cutaway views labeled with parts, the whole plant/bush/vine/tree, and some of the popular varietiesfor grapes, golden muscat, red flame, and concord. This is followed by a discussion of growing seasons and climates, large farms versus backyard ones, harvesting fruit and getting it to market, and some other fruits that were not featured in the text, including star fruits, apricots, and persimmons. A final page lists more fruit facts and two websites (one for the United States, one for Canada) about food guidelines. The text sometimes gets lost in Gibbons' busy and full pages, and while her illustrations are detailed and specific for each type of fruit, the watercolors won't make mouths water. This lacks the information of other nonfiction titles and the pizzazz of April Pulley Sayre's Go, Go, Grapes! (2012), but it may be just the ticket before a school trip to a farm. (Informational picture book. 4-8) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2015
The Great Monkey Rescue:
Book Jacket   by Sandra Markle
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781467780308 Gr 3-6-Markle brings to life the complex, decades-long work that scientists and volunteers around the world have done to save the golden lion tamarin from extinction. As the number of monkeys dwindled due to the destruction of Brazil's Atlantic Forest, zoos implemented breeding programs. However, they were unsuccessful until researchers realized how tamarins interact in family groups. Once the numbers increased, new challenges included how to prepare zoo-raised tamarins to survive in the wild and how to provide more habitat by reclaiming pasture land to create forest corridors. Numerous photographs of the golden lion tamarins and the humans working to insure their survival introduce readers to the lives of these intriguing monkeys. VERDICT Readers gain insights into the research, hard work, and patience involved in conservation efforts while learning about a fascinating animal. A fine choice for most collections.-Kathy Piehl, Minnesota State University Library, Mankato © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781467780308 Golden lion tamarins are small monkeys native to Brazil's Atlantic Forest. After centuries of logging and the encroachment of agriculture, roads, and towns, the tamarins' habitat has shrunk to a few disconnected patches of suitable forested land. The book opens with a young female who is isolated because the existing family groups in her patch of forest will not accept a second breeding female and the limited habitat will not support a new family. Attention shifts to the intriguing history of a 50-year-old movement to research tamarins, reverse the trend of their dwindling population, and enable them to thrive in the wild. Markle clearly explains the work of several scientists and acknowledges the contributions of committed Brazilians and their government to save the species through reforestation. Told in an engaging manner, the tamarin rescue story is enhanced by large, brilliant photos that appear on every page. From its endearing cover image onward, the book encourages readers to learn about this little-known species and care about its future.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781467780308 Once nearly extinct in the wild due to deforestation, golden lion tamarins have made a comeback in their native Brazilian rainforest through zoos reintroducing captive-born monkeys and people planting "living bridges" of trees to help the tamarins travel from one forest patch to another. Excellent photos, interesting text, and an inspiring message will engage readers. Reading list, timeline, websites. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. Markle chronicles the amazing efforts to save a tiny (and adorable) species. In 1960 there were only an estimated 200 golden lion tamarins in the wild. Their habitat along the coast of Brazil was being destroyed by logging. In 1975 there were about 122 in captivity, but they weren't breeding; when they did, the young died. After laying out this grim reality, the economical text goes on to describe how zoologist Devra Kleiman discovered that golden lion tamarins had a different family structure than chimps and other primates. When the tamarins were housed appropriately, their populations in captivity skyrocketed, reaching 500 in the '80s. Efforts then began to reintroduce them to the wild. Initial attempts failed, but mixing wild-born tamarins with zoo-born worked; then came the push to expand their available habitats. Markle does her usual excellent job presenting information in a page-turning narrative young zoologists will not be able to put down. Varied page layouts, vibrant photographs, and charming monkey mugs boost appeal. Contextual definitions of difficult or new concepts and fine backmatter, including further resources (both Web and print), a glossary, and a timeline, make this a must for nonfiction collections seeking more than just-the-facts series animal titles. An animal conservation tale with a happy ending (3,200 estimated in the wild today) and a must-read for monkey lovers. (index) (Nonfiction. 9-12) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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2015
High Tide for Horseshoe Crabs
 High Tide for Horseshoe Crabs
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896047 It's starting." This informative picture book deftly builds anticipation for the yearly spawning of the horseshoe crabs and the attendant migratory bird feast and scientific data collection. Realistic watercolor and pencil illustrations include mesmeric moonlit scenes, an endnote explains the crabs' importance to medical science, and helpful endpapers identify the crabs' body parts and their functions. Reading list, websites. Bib. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580896047 This nonfiction picture book balances information with literary language to provide an engaging choice for very young seashore scientists. Each watercolor-filled, double-page spread illustrates a moment in the life cycle of this arthropod: their nighttime arrival above the tide line to lay their eggs; the shore birds that prey on those eggs; beach walkers and environmentalists who tag individual horseshoe crabs to track migratory patterns and behavior; and the eventual departure of the hatchlings back into the ocean until the next season. Schnell weaves together the crabs' behavior and that of other creatures on the beach, including humans, which gives a well-rounded and interesting view of the beach ecosystem. Marks' watercolor-and-pencil illustrations depict a wide range of perspectives, both above and below the water, as well as a diverse cast of people and realistic renderings of horseshoe crabs. The fairly extensive back matter offers further information, including websites about different types of shore life, a map of the richest horseshoe crab mating areas in America, and activities and resources for expanded learning.--Goldsmith, Francisca Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896047 Gr 2-4-This charming picture book describes the annual spawning of horseshoe crabs at Delaware Bay. Softly hued, delicately detailed watercolor spreads depict the events: the crabs gathering on the beach to mate and lay their eggs in the sand, migratory birds arriving to feast on the eggs that haven't been buried deeply enough, scientists and volunteers coming to watch, and the baby crabs eventually hatching and making their way to the sea. Brief, bold action statements introduce the different sections, and the language provides analogies children can grasp ("Some of these birds weigh only as much as a handful of paper clips. Still, they are powerful enough to fly thousands of miles."). Readers will learn about the spawning process, as well as how scientists and volunteers tag these animals for identification purposes. Thorough back matter provides more information, including how products made from the crabs can benefit people. End pages present detailed anatomical diagrams of the top and underside of a horseshoe crab. Schnell also lets readers know how they can witness the spawning for themselves. VERDICT A wonderful introduction to these creatures and the importance of monitoring them. A particularly strong addition for Eastern seaboard locations, as well as for collections across the country.-Tamara Saarinen, Pierce County Library, WA © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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  Book Jacket
2015
Home Address: ISS: International Space Station
 by James Buckley
  Book Jacket
 
2015
How to Swallow a Pig: Step-by-Step Advice from the Animal Kingdom
Book Jacket   by Steve Jenkins
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544313651 Gr 2-5-Jenkins and Page team up once again for a glimpse into the animal kingdom. The authors outline 18 behaviors step by step, addressing readers directly as they explain how whales fish, wasps build nests, and grebes dance. Though the text is quite witty ("If you are a guy, start things off by offering a female grebe a gift of water plants"), some adults might wish for precautionary notes for the literal-minded, who might attempt to reenact instructions such as "Pop the millipede in your mouth." Impressive torn-and-cut paper collage artwork on white backgrounds work well with the conversational writing style. Students will be enthralled by the descriptions of an octopus disguising itself, a crocodile hunting for a meal, and a python swallowing a pig. The book includes single-page treatments and spreads of each behavior, with numbered directions laid out clockwise. Back matter provides additional information about the animals, such as their sizes and native environments. VERDICT Jenkins and Page present another fascinating, fun, and attractive look at the natural world.-Lynn Vanca, Freelance Librarian, Akron, OH © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780544313651 Jenkins and Page are back with a tongue-in-cheek "how to" guide to hunting, building, and protecting oneself like more than a dozen animals. Numbered instructions, accompanied by Jenkins's always excellent paper collages, demonstrate how to repel insects like a capuchin monkey, catch a meal like a crocodile ("When an egret lands nearby to pick up one of your sticks, you know what to do"), or defend oneself like an armadillo. Beneath the irreverent tone, there's ample information about the animals' traits and behavior (and even more in an appendix), adding up to a highly enjoyable mix of science and humor. Ages 6-9. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544313651 *Starred Review* Even if you have never wondered how to swallow a pig, one of the best ways to understand how a python accomplishes this feat is to imagine yourself doing so, following the step-by-step directions here. Similarly, readers will learn how tailorbirds sew their nests together, how beavers construct their dams, and 17 other skills that are equally intriguing or amazing. Highlights include How to Repel Insects like a Capuchin (catch a millipede, roll it around on your tongue, and rub it on your fur) and How to Crack a Nut like a Crow (fly above a busy intersection, drop the nut, wait for a car to run over it, and let the traffic light stop vehicles before retrieving the nut). Each single- or double-page presentation includes attractively laid-out instructions and a picture illustrating almost every numbered step. There's enough detail in the simply written, amusing text to make the processes interesting and informative, but an additional paragraph on each animal appears in an appended section along with an illustration miniaturized to postage-stamp size. Colorful, precise, and often striking against the white pages, the cut-paper collage illustrations fulfill their purpose beautifully. Fascinating facts presented with droll wit a winning combination.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544313651 The authors impart considerable information about certain behaviors of eighteen animals via numbered instructions for readers to duplicate, say, a python swallowing a pig. While this conceit is maintained throughout ("you'll have to do a few things that you're probably not used to"), the steps are accurate and the jaunty language catchy; Jenkins's collages are striking as always. An afterword gives additional facts. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Hurricane Watch
Book Jacket   by Melissa Stewart
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780062327765 After explaining how hurricanes form, this volume explores the role of scientists tracking hurricanes and gives a toned-down description of conditions when a hurricane makes landfall. Although a few of the simplifications may cause confusion, the clear layout; dynamic, full-bleed, digitally enhanced watercolor illustrations; and plain, reassuring language will help readers understand this dramatic type of weather. Activities appended. Websites. Glos. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780062327765 Gr 1-3-The life cycle of a hurricane and its potential effects on a community are presented in this engaging series entry. A family hears the news of an approaching tropical storm from a TV weather person and reviews a checklist of precautions and preparations. Satellites track the storm's progress, and planes fly into it to measure its strength. Scientists on the ground give the hurricanes separate names to keep track of them. Stewart succinctly explains how hurricanes form and develop. Scientific terms are used in sentences and defined in the text. The clear, full-color illustrations amplify scientific concepts, such as how warm ocean water evaporates and spirals up, thereby allowing cooler air to rush in, replace the rising warm air, and begin the rotation of a tropical storm. One of the activities in the "Find Out More About Hurricanes" section invites children to use string, scissors, paper, and a light bulb to explore how heat causes this spiraling. VERDICT Readers and browsers will find a lot to read and see in these spreads.-Frances E. Millhouser, formerly at Fairfax County Public Library, VA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780062327765 This informational picture book offers a colorfully illustrated introduction to hurricanes. The lucid text explains the nature of these storms as well as when, where, and how they form. The expressive illustrations watercolors with digitally added elements offer views of hurricanes, scientists studying them, broadcasters explaining them, and people preparing for the high winds and heavy rains they bring. The pictures sometimes incorporate arrows, labels, and diagrams to clarify concepts such as cloud formation, the earth's rotation, the Saffir-Simpson scale of hurricane wind-speed categories, and the progressive weakening of a storm over land. Offering plenty of facts for kids intrigued by extreme weather as well as some practical advice and a couple of hands-on activities to try, this attractive book is the latest addition to the respected Let's-Read-and-Find-Out series.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
Inside Biosphere 2: Earth Science Under Glass
 by Mary Kay Carson
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544416642 Gr 5-8-The latest installment in this stellar series examines Biosphere 2, a research facility in Oracle, AZ. Biosphere 2 began as an engineering marvel and an experiment in creating a self-sustaining, closed biological system that could support a team of humans for two years. In 1993, when the original Biosphere 2 experiment ended amid controversy, few could have predicted what the future would hold for the research facility. While briefly addressing the original experiment and its triumphs and shortcomings, Carson focuses on telling a compelling story of the scientific research being conducted at Biosphere 2 today and the importance of that work in understanding our biosphere: the planet Earth. This enlightening title adeptly connects Biosphere 2's past with its present and future. Stunning photographs, clear and colorful graphics, and illuminating insets enhance the appeal, and direct quotes from the Biosphere 2 scientists are liberally incorporated throughout. The processes, products, and purposes of the research are addressed, and information about the facility's past is provided in a series of "Flashback to the Biospherians" photographic sidebars. VERDICT Highly recommended for all middle school science collections.-Kelly Kingrey-Edwards, Mirus Academy Library, TX © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544416642 *Starred Review* Continuing the tradition of excellence established by other award-winning titles in the Scientists in the Field series is Carson's latest on the Arizona-based research project Biosphere 2. Formerly a self-contained mini-Earth inhabited by a group of scientists for a 730-day stretch starting in 1991, Biosphere 2 now acts as a bridge between a laboratory and the real world, combining research with public education and tours. Well-organized chapters, extensive color photographs, and diagrams supplement an engaging narrative that follows several scientists and their hands-on research. Scientists whose work is explored include a biogeochemist, a marine ecologist, an earth scientist and water expert, and a sustainability expert. No longer focused on how to colonize Mars, Biosphere 2's research directly impacts people's lives. From examining how forests handle climate change and the impact of the ocean becoming more acidic, to developing a deeper understanding of the water cycle for soil erosion and predicting climate conditions, the scope of the research is vast. There's not another experiment like this in the world, says Biosphere scientist Luke Pangle. A glossary, bibliography, and extensive list of online sources provide an excellent jumping-off point for further student research. Truly eye-opening.--Barnes, Jennifer Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A 1990s science experiment aimed at space exploration finds a new purpose in the 21st century. Built to test long-term human survival in a closed ecological system like a potential Mars colony, the 3.14-acre glass-enclosed structure called Biosphere 2 is now being used for investigations of climate change here on Earth. Framing her narrative as a tour of the facility, now open to and welcoming visitors, Carson's information-packed text introduces the original experiment, in which eight people survived for 2 years, and then, chapter by chapter, describes new studies. In the rain forest, biogeochemist Joost van Haren investigates how much carbon dioxide a forest can hold and the effects of drought. An "ocean" with a no-longer-viable coral reef is being repurposed into a model of the nearby Gulf of California, under the supervision of marine biologist Rafe Sagarin. What was once a farm is now a Landscape Evolution Observatory, with replicas of a nearby hillside where hydrologist Luke Pangle studies how water, energy, and carbon move through landscapes. Sustainability coordinator Nate Allen works underneath in the Technosphere, where power and plumbing systems support the entire structure. Well-chosen, clearly captioned photographs support the text, while flashback boxes inform readers of what came before. For middle and high school readers, an encouraging example of earth scientists working to understand and deal with climate change in new and amazing ways. (glossary, resources, index) (Nonfiction. 12-15) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544416642 Carson takes readers into Biosphere 2, the research facility designed to be a self-sustaining model of Earth's environments. There's brief coverage of the "biospherians" who were sealed inside from 1991 to 1993, but the focus is primarily on current research under the direction of scientists at the University of Arizona. Plentiful photos capture the feel of a busy research center. Glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
The Inventors Secret: What Thomas Edison Told Henry Ford
 by Suzanne Slade
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580896672 This dual picture-book biography of how Thomas Edison inspired Henry Ford succeeds in showing the emotional side of the life of an inventor: success requires more than just one or two or even two dozen attempts. Reinhardt's soft, amiable watercolor, ink, and colored-pencil artwork provides a lot of visual detail about both Edison's and Ford's passions, while Slade's text explains each man's inspiration and the way his inventions fundamentally changed the world. Ample source notes and a comprehensive dual time line help explain some of Slade and Reinhardt's depictions of Ford and Edison, and photo-illustrated notes about each inventor's most memorable creations provide substantial information to get kids started on research projects. While there are abundant compilations for kids about inventions and inventors, Slade and Reinhardt keep the focus solidly on the human element of frustration, persistence, and the power of a mentor. It's an unusual angle and well executed, which makes it a good fit for STEM-oriented programs as well as storytimes about the benefit of good friendships.--Goldsmith, Francisca Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896672 Two boys who "just had to see how things worked" grow into two of America's great inventors and manufacturers: Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. When Henry, frustrated by repeated failure, meets Thomas, he gets simple yet critical advice: "Keep at it." A lively tale of tenacity and passion, illustrated with watercolor and pencil-and-ink illustrations that reflect the text's energy and high spirits. Timeline. Bib. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781580896672 "What's his secret?" That's the question dogging Henry Ford as he watches Thomas Edison's phonograph and incandescent bulb take off, while his own attempts to create steam and gas engines sputter. Slade shifts between the developing careers of both men until, while discussing engines with Edison at a dinner in 1896, Ford gets his answer: "Keep at it!" Edison shouts encouragingly. Reinhardt's mixed-media artwork includes several lighthearted moments (parallel scenes featuring Edison and Ford as children highlight the explosive results of early failed experiments). Extensive endnotes discuss Slade's and Reinhardt's processes and several of the inventions mentioned, along with a time line and source notes. It's a rewarding look at the importance of persistence, as well as the friendship that developed between these prominent inventors. Ages 6-9. Illustrator's agent: Marietta Zacker, Nancy Gallt Literary Agency. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580896672 Gr 3-6-Emphasizing the power of perseverance, this cheery picture book alternates between the lives of two inventors, beginning with Thomas Edison, who was 16 years Henry Ford's senior. Many of Edison's major inventions are touched on, and young Ford is portrayed as curious as to the secret of Edison's success. Ford continues to work on developing engines and designing cars and finally seizes the opportunity to meet Edison in person. The two go over Ford's designs, and Edison urges the younger man to "keep at it!" With that, Ford discovers that "he'd known Thomas's secret all along!"-a realization illustrated with a light bulb over Ford's head. The rest of the story focuses on Ford's work on creating a car for all Americans, which resulted in the Model-T. Fanciful watercolor sketches depict Edison and Ford dreaming, inventing, and working, with a variety of expressions on their faces. The drawings are framed on the page, providing an old-fashioned feel. Inset images provide details and information on their inventions. The front and endpapers are filled with sketches of various light bulbs and gears in muted brown tones. The early lives and activities of these men are covered briefly. The factual text emphasizes how both started as dreamers who took action. Back matter includes a section on Edison and Ford's friendship, more material about the inventions, author and illustrator notes, and extensive source notes with citations for dialogue and other facts. VERDICT A suitable addition for those seeking biographies of inventors.-Tamara Saarinen, Pierce County Library, WA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Little Puffins First Flight
Book Jacket   by Jonathan London
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A horned puffin hatches, grows and flies for the first time on the Alaskan coast.London's characteristically lyrical, clipped free verse describes the meeting of two puffins, followed by nesting, tending their single egg and the hatching of their "hungry gray fuzz-ball." Taking turns to guard the chick and hunt, Mother and Father Puffin raise Little Puffin to fledging. One night, spectacularly foregrounded against the rising moon by Van Zyle in three successive spreads, Little Puffin makes his way to the edge of the cliff and then jumps, first falling and then flyingto find his own mate four years later. With the exception of naming his puffin family, London largely avoids anthropomorphizing his subjects even as he uses figurative language his preschool audience will understand: "Dressed in her life jacket / of carefully fluffed feathers, / Mother Puffin bobs like a cork / in the icy cold ocean." Scientific facts (puffins have heavy bones; their predators include gulls) are woven neatly into the brief, just-dramatic-enough narrative. Van Zyle keeps his palette realistically limited to cold grays and blues except for that tremendous yellow moon and the puffins' beaks, relying on shifts in perspective and scale to maintain visual interest. In one humorous image, three herrings droop comically from Father Puffin's beak. A two-page author's note provides further information. A bracing nature adventure for animal-loving preschoolers. (Informational picture book. 2-6) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781941821404 Little Puffin is born on a cliffside and cared for by his parents until the time comes for him to strike out on his own. In a lyrical text, London traces the life cycle of a horned puffin, from mating to nesting to first flight; Van Zyle's somewhat fuzzy paintings alternate close-up views of the birds with sweeping landscapes. An author's note provides more information. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781941821404 PreS-Gr 3-After 42 days of caring for their egg in the nest, mother and father puffin are about to meet their "hungry, gray fuzzball"of a chick as he taps his way out. It is spring on the coast of Alaska and the baby puffin is hungry. The parents take turns bringing fish back to the rocky ledge where little puffin waits. It isn't always easy, as there are many predators (gulls, eagles, falcons) trying to grab the puffins for themselves. For six weeks the adult puffins care for the baby. One night, when little puffin's wing feathers have grown in, he leaps into the air and tumbles over the cliff. "Just as he's about to crash into the sea, Little Puffin spreads his wings and takes off!" At four years old, Little Puffin will choose a mate for himself, and they will raise a chick of their own. London's captivating prose appears at various places on the page and utilizes size changes and text shaping to add drama to the fact-infused narrative. Van Zyle's beautiful, full-bleed paintings use a palette of mostly blacks, blues, and grays, while a bright yellow moon illuminates Little Puffin's first flight. An author's note provides more information. VERDICT A recommended purchase for most collections.-Sara-Jo Lupo Sites, George F. Johnson Memorial Library, Endicott, NY © Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Magnificent Minds: 16 Pioneering Women in Science and Medicine
Book Jacket   by Pendred E. Noyce
 
2015
Mrs. Carters Butterfly Garden
 by Steve Rich
  Book Jacket
2015
Next Time You See a Spiderweb
 by Emily Morgan
  Book Jacket
 
2015
Ocean: A Visual Encyclopedia
Book Jacket   by DK
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781465436641 Gr 4-7-This exploration of the undersea world is divided into seven different color-coded topics that address areas of knowledge including the location and structure of oceans and the life found there. Another section examines the relationship of humans with the ocean. Numerous crisp color photographs, charts, maps, tables, and diagrams are featured. Sections topics are in a bold font while image captions are presented in italics. Throughout, fact circles labeled "WOW!" add fascinating trivia. For example, a photo displays a close-up of a shark's teeth, while the fact bubble lets readers know that a shark has 300 teeth and that it isn't uncommon for the animal to, over the course of its lifetime, go through 30,000 different teeth. The eye-catching cover will draw in students and teachers alike, and the narrative will inform readers about the hunting techniques, habitats, size, and diet of different creatures. Other ocean-related topics are covered as well. Readers will appreciate a chart explaining tsunamis, an overview of types of seaweed, and examples of watery features such as atolls and lagoons. VERDICT Ideal for general interest or to support research projects in science or geography classes supporting the Common Core State Standards.-Beth McGuire, Hempfield Area School District, Greensburg, PA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
The Octopus Scientists
Book Jacket   by Sy Montgomery
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. An international team of scientists with varied focuses work together on a remote South Pacific island to study octopus behaviors. Two weeks on Moorea, in French Polynesia, snorkeling and diving around the reefs off the coast, admiring the abundant life, and learning about octopuses. What could be nicer? In her latest observation of scientific fieldwork, Montgomery doesn't ignore the downsidethere's more searching than studying, here, and it's often physically uncomfortablebut she dwells on the joys of admiring the endless variety in the underwater world and learning about these reclusive, intelligent, surprising creatures. With ease that comes from long practice, she weaves a narrative full of fascinating detail, helpful comparisons, direct quotations, and personal reactions that bring readers into the experience. Chapters of action, with smoothly integrated explanatory background, are interspersed with informative passages about octopuses, the field station, and coral reefs. She describes the team's daily explorations in the water and their inside lab work, identifying the food remains they've collected from neat piles outside the octopuses' dens. This is an account of a successful expedition, although it raises more questions than it answers. "The field is about serendipity," expedition leader Jennifer Mather reminds readers. Amazing photographs reveal the octopuses' remarkable shape-changing abilities and help readers visualize this experience. Science in the field at its best. (Nonfiction. 10-16) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780544232709 *Starred Review* This color-changing, tentacled shape-shifter can pour itself through a hole the size of a thimble, drill through seashells with its tongue, squirt ink, and paralyze its prey with venom. There's nothing on the planet like an octopus, yet its high intelligence and prowess at camouflage have made this mollusk difficult to study. This beautiful entry in the award-winning Scientists in the Field series follows an expedition to the French Polynesian island of Moorea to study Pacific day octopuses not octopi in the wild and unlock some of the mystery surrounding this marine animal. With infectious enthusiasm, the team searches for octopuses with their dens, so the scientists can study their personalities and diet, of which little is known. Between dives, mind-boggling octopus facts are relayed, as well as the team members' backgrounds. Spectacular underwater photography shows octopuses standing tall and stately on their tentacles, while others lie coiled with their skin drawn up into peaks to mimic coral or displaying a range of colors and patterns (purple and gold, stripes and spots) that they can conjure in one-tenth of a second. Other marine life is also featured in breathtaking shots of sea turtles, dazzling fish, and giant clams. Ultimately, little new information is discovered, but this account of octopuses' lives remains endlessly fascinating.--Smith, Julia Copyright 2010 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232709 Montgomery tags along with four scientists studying the decision-making of the Pacific day octopus in the French Polynesian island region of Moorea. To do so, they first have to find the octopuses. Montgomery explains the scientists' data collection methods, along the way describing all aspects of life in the field. Abundant, stunningly clear underwater photographs highlight a range of marine species. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780544232709 Gr 6-9-Searching for octopuses along the coast of Moorea in French Polynesia might sound like a dream assignment. However, these elusive mollusks are master of deceptive camouflage: boneless wonders that can ooze into impossibly small spaces and that tend to change their locations abruptly, leaving merely a tidy stack of emptied shells from past meals. Montgomery and Ellenbogen join psychologist Jennifer Mather and her team as they methodically explore Moorea's fringing reefs, recording finds of octopus dens and middens on geographic grids, meeting octopods here and there that peer curiously from their hiding places. Interspersed with this logical, systematic investigation is a series of fascinating asides: discussions of the Centre de Researches Insulaires et Observatoire de l'Environnement de Polynésie Française, of the intelligence of these evasive creatures and their amazing capability to change the color and texture of their skin, and of the coral habitats they select as dwelling places. Through sharply crafted text, Montgomery shares her enthusiasm with readers, and Ellenbogen's vibrant color photos allow a crystalline window into a very special environment. This glimpse into an alien world and mind combines biology and psychology: an exciting pairing. VERDICT Another enticing entry in a series devoted to highlighting enthusiastic scientists hard at work in the fields they love.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
A Passion for Elephants: The Real Life Adventure of Field Scientist Cynthia Moss
 by Toni Buzzeo
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780803740907 Even as a small girl, Cynthia Moss never shied away from big things. She rode large horses and observed the wildlife near her home in New York. Her keen eyes and curious nature served her well when she grew up to become a scientist, then a reporter, and later, when she was selected to photograph elephants in the wilds of Africa. For 40 years, Moss would spend her days in Amboseli National Park observing elephant behavior and family dynamics and advocating for a global ban on ivory sales. Buzzeo's text is dense but enthusiastic and will hold strong readers' interest, especially alongside Berry's vibrant art. The illustrations make use of African motifs rendered in bold reds, yellows, and greens and capture the joys and sorrows of Moss' work with the African elephants. The enormous scale of her courageous, continued work is summed up in the biography at the end of the title and in the final lines of her story: Cynthia Moss is not afraid of BIG things. --Jones, Courtney Copyright 2015 Booklist
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780399187254 K-Gr 3-This engaging and descriptive narrative chronicles the life of animal researcher and elephant advocate Cynthia Moss, who has lived alongside and studied these creatures for 40 years. The book begins with Moss developing a love of nature as a child while riding her horse through the woods of Ossining, NY. A few years later, the adventurous teen went away to school in Virginia, where she continued to hone her equestrian skills. After college, she embarked on her biggest adventure of all: moving to Africa. Immediately, she felt at home and found a job photographing elephants for a renowned zoologist. Together, they established the Amboseli Elephant Research Project. Moss fell in love with the "enormous, gentle animals" and devoted her life to studying their behavior and relationships. She took on the monumental task of educating the world about her beloved elephants and spoke out against poachers who kill them for their ivory tusks. Buzzeo points out through a refrain, "Cynthia Moss is not afraid of BIG things." Each spread features a particular episode in the activist's life, recounted in illuminating verse and illustrated with Berry's atmospheric mixed-media illustrations, which evoke the splendor of Africa. The rich colors, interesting textures, and patterns and vast landscapes draw readers into Moss's world. An addendum provides a brief biography of Moss along with back matter. VERDICT This well-executed narrative biography will pique the curiosity of animal lovers and young scientists alike.-Linda L. Walkins, Saint Joseph Preparatory High School, Boston, MA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A childhood love of horses translates into an adult career devoted to learning about and promoting protection for African elephants. For 40 years, field scientist Cynthia Moss has lived with and studied the elephants of Amboseli National Park in Kenya. Buzzeo, who focused on a fictional elephant calf in My Bibi Always Remembers, illustrated by Mike Wohnoutka (2014), here introduces a real-life elephant scientist who has combined her passion for studying these big animals with activism around the world for a big cause: banning the sale of ivory. Choosing details young readers will understand, the author moves quickly from a description of Moss' early life to an explanation of how she came to live in Kenya. She goes on to give examples of the kinds of questions the scientist wondered about and what she learned about elephant family behavior. Colorful illustrations, done with colored pencils, acrylic paint, watercolor, ink, and collage and bordered with appropriate designs, add interesting details. There are wide-angled scenes and close-ups of elephants in the wild. But this narrative has a dark side. Many, many elephants have been killed for the ivory in their tusks. The image of an elephant "lying lifeless in the beating sun" and men loading its bloody tusk into a truck filled with other bloody tusks will distress readers of any age. The simplicity of the narrative and its playful emphasis on and repetition of what is "BIG" seem at odds with the grim reality of ivory poaching, making this a book that may have a hard time finding an audience. (endnote, further reading, additional sources) (Picture book/biography. 7-9) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780399187254 Buzzeo offers a glowing biography of Cynthia Moss, a field scientist and activist who has been studying and advocating for Africa's elephants for more than 40 years. Moving briskly through Moss's childhood love of animals, Buzzeo focuses on Moss's long, hard work of studying elephants as well as her efforts to fight ivory poaching. Variations on a refrain ("It was a big challenge, but Cynthia Moss wasn't afraid of big things") strike an oddly juvenile note, given the harsh realities of the ivory trade and the book's scientific focus, but it still drives home the message about taking on important, difficult tasks and causes. Berry's mixed-media illustrations do an admirable job of capturing the African landscape-and animals-that have captivated Moss. Ages 5-8. Author's agent: Stefanie Von Borstel, Full Circle Literary. Illustrator's agency: Studio Goodwin Sturges. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780803740907 For forty years, Cynthia Moss has studied the elephants in Amboseli National Park, Kenya, and has fought against ivory poaching through lectures and fundraising. The seriousness of the realities of poaching and Moss's work and activism is undermined by the book's jarring refrain ("Cynthia Moss was not afraid of BIG things"). Colorful mixed-media illustrations are naive and charming. Reading list, websites. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
The Pier at the End of the World
 by Paul Erickson
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2015
Raindrops Roll
Book Jacket   by April Pulley Sayre
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781481420648 Raindrops get a close-up treatment in this quietly informative picture book. In gorgeous, page-filling, full-color photos of raindrops on lush greenery, Sayre shows typical water behavior. It patters appears on a body of water dimpled by rain. It fills accompanies a waxy leaf tenuously cupping a large droplet. They magnify pairs with a raindrop distorting the spots on a lily petal. Raindrops slowly dry accompanies a picture of a rain-spattered leaf in the sun. Each clearly rendered photo focuses on drops of water as they pool, glob, drip, and slip down leaves and flowers, on beetles and lacy spiderwebs. The spare words altogether are loosely rhythmic, and the simplicity of the motion-based vocabulary is mostly effective at demonstrating what's happening in the photo. It's the rich visuals, however, that steal the show. Not only do the photos beautifully capture water in action but they zoom in on things most kids could see in their own backyards or neighborhoods an especially useful approach for visual or hands-on learners. An author's note explains the water cycle in more detail.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2010 Booklist
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781481420648 "Raindrop spangles/ mark angles./ They cling to curves/ and cover cocoons." In playful rhymes and breathtaking nature photography, Sayre offers a dramatic examination of a rain shower as droplets soak birds, roll down pumpkins, dot the backs of insects, and muddy the forest floor. Sayre's close-up photographs are startling in their intimacy-a bead of water seems to defy gravity as it pools precariously on a green leaf, while dozens of tiny drops illuminate a spider's feather-light web. These images alone are enough to make the book a treasure; an informative closing section exploring water's forms, behavior, and characteristics is icing on the cake. Ages 4-8. (Jan.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481420648 Starred Review. K-Gr 2-This first-rate book highlights the beauty and wonder of rain-a seemingly commonplace occurrence-and shows its effects upon the rest of the natural world. In general but lyrical terms, the work explains what raindrops do ("Raindrops settle. They slip. They dot."). The text is accompanied by scenes from a forest rainforest (drops clinging to flowers or spider webs, insects and birds dealing with the downpour). Sayre has created a poetic atmosphere, using rhyming words ("Raindrop spangles/mark angles."), and her vibrant, close-up photographs, which effectively complement the narrative and will engage children and adults alike. The last two spread, titled "A Splash of Science," offer information on the three forms of water (ice, liquid water, and water vapor) and their characteristics. This attractive work is also ideal for read-alouds and an easy entry for students delving into nonfiction reading, especially in poetry or science units. This excellent title will transform how readers think about rain.-Tracey Wong, P.S. 54/Fordham Bedford Academy, Bronx, NY (c) Copyright 2014. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781481420648 Captivating photos picture an oncoming storm, followed by shots of raindrops in various stages, configurations, and contexts, such as on a katydid's back or splashing into a stream. Sayre subtly explains the nuances of these appearances in minimal poetic phrases that use alliteration, onomatopoeia, and occasional rhyme and that closely follow the photographs. Scientific information about rain, the water cycle, and more is appended. Reading list. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Remarkable Minds: 17 More Pioneering Women in Science and Medicine
Book Jacket   by Pendred Noyce
 
2015
Sally Ride: A Photobiography of Americas Pioneering Woman in Space
 Tam O Shaughnessy
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. A uniquely personal portrait of the United States' first woman in space, illustrated with sheaves of public and private photos. As her longtime companion, as well as co-author (of Exploring Our Solar System, 2003, etc.) and business partner, O'Shaughnessy is in an unparalleled position to illuminate Ride's inner life as much as her well-known outer one. She does so here in a frank, engagingly detailed account that tenders as much about her subject's significant friendships and loves as it does about her outstanding academic, athletic, astronautical, and post-NASA achievements. All of these are also traced in the illustrations, which begin with baby and toddler pictures, close with images of post-mortem tributes (Ride died in 2012, of pancreatic cancer), and in between mix family snapshots and posed portraits with report cards, yearbook photos, news clippings, mementos, and letters. Sue Macy's excellent Sally Ride: Life on a Mission (2014) covers much of the same territory (and broke the news to younger readers that Ride was gay), but both the visual material and the author's personal memories here add significant insights and angles of view to her subject. They describe the growth and complex character of a smart but unmotivated young "underachiever" who became anything but and stands as an exemplar for budding scientists of any sex. A perceptive, loving tribute. (timeline, index) (Biography. 10-13) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781596439948 There are plenty of biographies of Sally Ride, but few have as much insider knowledge as this one, written by Ride's partner, who was present for many of the pivotal moments in the astronaut's life. Each glossy page is plastered with photos and memorabilia, and her tone is conversational and intimate, as if sharing a beloved family story. O'Shaughnessy begins with Ride's childhood interest in science and tennis, before moving on to her study of physics and groundbreaking career at NASA. She speaks of Ride's homosexuality frankly, if a little abruptly, and writes pointedly about her frustration with gender inequality. She also emphasizes Ride's love of learning sometimes her grades weren't stellar (readers even get a peek at her report cards), but she didn't let that get in the way of pursuing her dream of space travel. Ride was notoriously private, and this glimpse into her life and background will be both eye-opening and inspiring for many young readers. The irresistible photos and appealing page layouts make it an especially good pick for reluctant readers.--Hunter, Sarah Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
Sand Swimmers: The Secret Life of Australias Desert Wilderness
 by Narelle Oliver
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780763667610 Dead Heart is one of earth's most inhospitable places a desert in the isolated center of Australia. In spite of the harsh conditions, it is teeming with life and offers some of the best examples of adaptation on the globe. Using the journals of Charles Sturt, a British explorer who, in 1844, was one of the first Europeans to brave Australia's interior, Oliver seamlessly weaves a true narrative with stunning artwork and a scientific catalog of animal life. She uses Sturt's fruitless search for an inland sea to walk readers through scrubland, desolate fields of red-hot rock, and endless sand dunes. These places that so few humans ever visit are home to all manner of animals, from geckos and honey ants to marsupials and snakes, each with its own peculiar adaptation for survival. Oliver's expressive and detailed linocut illustrations, filled in with earth-toned colored pencil, include a numbered index of all the species mentioned. Using primary sources, firsthand experiences, and scientific observations, Oliver manages to marry human and natural history into a beautiful and symbolic book about perseverance.--Anderson, Erin Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763667610 In this fascinating, handsome introduction to Australia's "Dead Heart" desert, its evolutionary history, and the plant and animal life surviving there today, Oliver combines a gripping narrative of human exploration with compelling descriptions of the hardy flora and fauna of this little-known habitat. Her linocut illustrations provide views of the mysterious landscape and lifeforms which will catch readers' attention. Bib., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780763667610 Gr 2-5-This picture book gives readers an enchanting look at the Australian wilderness. The succinct narrative is rife with visual imagery ("frogs burrow deep into the forest clay and make a waterproof cocoon, like plastic wrap"), and the beautiful illustrations, rendered in detailed pen and ink, depict the colors of the desert, from turquoise to rust, Oliver portrays Australia's unique geographic center: the Dead Heart, home to a host of extraordinary flora and fauna. Children will learn about a notable British explorer, Charles Sturt (1795-1869), who led several expeditions into Australia in search of an inland sea. The addition of Sturt will cultivate interest in the historical aspects of discovery and further enhance the descriptions of the desert itself, such as the mention of spinifex (a "strange prickly grass") that frequently entrapped Sturt's horses. Boxed graphics, pictorial borders, and indigenous language etymology further elaborate detailed descriptions of this strange yet wonderful ecosystem. Highly recommended for science and history collections.-Kathryn Diman, Bass Harbor Memorial Library, Bernard, ME (c) Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
Small Wonders: Jean-Henri Fabre and His World of Insects
Book Jacket   by Matthew Clark Smith
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781477826324 Gr 2-5-This enchanting picture book biography examines the life and work of 19th-century French entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre. Fairy tale-like in tone, the first few pages will easily draw in children, as Smith describes the actions of an old hermit who was considered a local eccentric by those in his village for his habit of speaking to animals and collecting insects ("Whether he was a sorcerer, or simply a madman, no one could agree."). The villagers were shocked, however, when Fabre received a visit from the president of France. Readers are then taken back in time to learn about Fabre's childhood, education, and ever-present interest in the natural world, as well as his unconventional teaching and writings on insect behavior. Indeed, he often shocked fellow scientists with his bizarre findings. Smith's engaging text conveys Fabre's zeal for his subject, while Ferri's gorgeously detailed watercolor and pencil illustrations of plant life and insects beg readers to stop and look both at the pages as well as at the natural world around them. Historical and author's notes and a useful time line add further context. VERDICT A must-have.-Jennifer Wolf, Beaverton City Library, OR © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781477826324 First-time author Smith offers a rewarding overview of naturalist Jean-Henri Fabre, opening his recounting in southern France, where the elderly scientist was a figure of mystery, known for collecting and speaking to animals: "Whether he was a sorcerer or a madman no one could agree." Village curiosity peaks when the president of France arrives to speak with Fabre. Smith then backtracks to explore the often melancholy life of his subject, who found solace and splendor studying and writing about insects. Ferri's vibrant watercolor-and-pencil illustrations revel in the details and diversity of the insects that so fascinated Fabre, while end notes offer extensive historical background to bolster this rousing tribute to the rewards of following one's passions. Ages 6-9. (May) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781477826324 When the president of France arrives in the small village of Serignan, no one expects he is there to announce that the bug-crazy old man who lives there has been nominated for a Nobel Prize. Nineteenth-century entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre, the insects' poet, spent his life enraptured by the natural world, studying it and sharing his knowledge whenever he could. His journey from enthusiast to lauded scientist, however, was rife with setbacks. Smith recounts Fabre's early years spent observing small wonders, before discussing his time as a teacher, a position he lost due to his controversial views. Eventually, he earned his reputation through prolific, lyrical, and accessible scientific writing. Ferri's pencil-and-watercolor illustrations are marked by vitality and light, and readers will love seeing the different bugs crawling about the pages. Further information on Fabre's life is appended in a historical note and time line. A comprehensive and tender account of one of science's lesser-known figures that will have kids itching to grab their bug jars and get outside.--Smith, Julia Copyright 2015 Booklist
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781477826324 Little-known outside his native France, nineteenth-century entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre made important discoveries by observing living insects: he learned about metamorphosis and instinctual behaviors hard-wired into wasps and termites, and he proved that insects communicate via pheromones. Ferri's watercolor and pencil illustrations in earthy tones help to draw us into Fabre's fascinating world of curious intimacy with nature. Timeline. Bib. (c) Copyright 2015. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
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2015
So, You Want to Work with the Ancient and Recent Dead?
Book Jacket   by J. M. Bedell
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781582705460 Gr 6-10-Hooking readers with references to the macabre, this title offers glimpses into a wide spectrum of fields. Profiles of different individuals (a mortician, a taxidermist, a federal government archaeologist) provide perspective on training and other requirements, job expectations, and related points of interest. A funeral director who blogs about her work and speaks frankly about her battle with depression is particularly insightful. Some of the profiles examine students with a passion for a given field, such as a 12-year-old bug collector, offering both an entry point for readers and a view of hobbies that may lead to a career choice later on. Frequent sidebars break up the text and add context about, for example, cremation and burial customs. The variety of subjects tends to the quirky; there's a profile of an actor who portrays dead characters, a look at "interesting animals of taxidermy," and a lengthy discussion of various methods for radiocarbon dating. Career profiles are presented in a formal questionnaire format, and some are unfocused and overly long. Though there are some ink drawings, there are no photographs. The volume concludes with nearly 30 pages of resources, including web addresses for professional organizations, an extensive glossary, and listings of books and journal articles outlining many of the professions. VERDICT While this title probably won't serve as narrative reading, it's a strong career reference for younger teens.-Bob Hassett, Luther Jackson Middle School, Falls Church, VA © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781582705453 The latest in the Be What You Want series takes the mystique out of jobs relating to mortuary science and forensics. Bedell asserts that these jobs, rather than being reserved for people who are fascinated with blood and gore, are actually perfect for those who love to help others, make scientific discoveries, and study the way that people in the past lived. The focus is truly interdisciplinary, exploring careers in both the sciences, social services, and humanities. Cutting-edge technology careers involving advanced techniques in cryonics are described alongside the jobs of those who explore cultural and historical differences in the ways groups of people deal with death. Interviews with real working professionals discuss job conditions and educational requirements, while activities that introduce readers to methodologies in certain jobs are both fun and easily executed. A detailed list of additional resources is included in the end matter, arranged by topic. Using humor and straightforward descriptions, Bedell manages to make jobs dealing with death seem like perfectly natural career choices.--Anderson, Erin Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
Space!
 by DK
  Book Jacket
2015
Spidermania: Friends on the Web
 by Alexandra Siy
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9780823428717 In this companion to Bug Shots (2011), Siy explains that arachnids are worthy of fascination, not fear. Kunkel's electron micrograph photographs zoom in on the subjects, giving them an almost puppetlike appearance, even as the descriptions convey their predatory natures. "Toxic venom is delivered through an opening near the end of each fang, similar to the opening in a hypodermic needle," Siy writes of the brown recluse. Vibrant coloring makes it easy to identify the spiders' anatomical features, and after learning about bionic eyes, "ballooning" spiderlings, and other topics, readers should be impressed by the arachnids' versatility and capability, even if they aren't quite ready to cuddle up with them. Ages 6-10. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823428717 A combination of close-up photography and electron microscopy creates unforgettable, colorful visuals in this informative, almost-affectionate explanation of spider classification, anatomy, behavior, and capabilities. Venom is noted, but the emphasis is on "Friends," from fishing spiders to spitting spiders. Helpful captions are often color-coded, but some body parts are hard to identify. Reading list, websites. Bib., glos., ind. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. For their latest memorable venture into microscopic worlds, two veteran collaborators bring children face to face with the original "web masters" (Bug Shots, 2011, etc.). "To know a spider you must first look into its eyes." Along with being a proposition as riveting as it is uninviting for most readers, Siy's observation is literally true, as the arrangement of their multiple eyes is often a key to spider identification. Expanding on her taxonomic topic, the author focuses on observable behaviors and physical characteristics throughout a general overview and brief introductions to 10 arachnids. She closes with specific methodology that includes both a chart of eye patterns and a set of systematic questions that will help distinguish true spiders from close relatives. As always, Kunkel's bright, sharp, close-up photographs and even closer-up electron micrographs, all with detailed production notes, are a highlightthe former artfully angled to show body parts and coloration, the latter using false colors to make spinnerets and other tiny physical features easily visible. Though the author's argument that spiders are our friends (in support of which she even enlists E.B. White's Charlotte) is vitiated by frequent images and mentions of black widows, brown recluses, some Australian spiders, and how seldom anyone actually dies from venomous bites, the mixed message will still draw both budding naturalists and readers after cheap thrills in equal numbers. An unusual approach to the creepiest of crawlies, likely to snare unwary passers-by in droves. (index, multimedia resource lists, glossary) (Nonfiction. 8-11) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
School Library Journal (c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9780823428717 Gr 4-6-A brilliantly colorized microphotograph of a jumping spider crouches on the dust jacket like some alien nightmare, an electric lure to attract browsers to the many enlightening pages that follow. Many other Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) photos, also colorized, are strewn about, offering vivid details of spinnerets, fangs, and eye patterns; regular color photos of spiders are included as well. The writing flows well, and Siy discusses a wide selection of arachnid topics-basic physiology, behaviors, and silk, for instance-before branching into specific varieties. Some of the species examined are the diving bell spider, the daddy longlegs spider (not to be confused with the equally long-legged harvestman), the wolf spider, and, of course, the black widow. Asides on topics such as courtship, parenting, and web-building are interspersed throughout, and the book ends with Siy delving into how she and Kunkel identified an unknown spider sample. She also explains how the dramatic SEM photos so liberally lavished throughout were taken and colorized. Back matter, which features information on eye-patterns, an identification key to eight common orders, and a segment on spider classification, is sure to delight educators. Similar in scope to Seymour Simon's handsome (nonindexed) Spiders (HarperCollins, 2004, 2007) and Nic Bishop's dramatic Spiders (Scholastic, 2007), this eye-catcher will appeal to students. VERDICT Arresting photos and illuminating text weave a neat web to capture readers.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9780823428717 Featuring abundant boldly colored visuals and a wealth of information, Siy and Kunkel (Bug Shots, 2011) offer a lively introduction to spiders. The book first covers general characteristics and behaviors, from their physical makeup to how they create silk. Then they go on to discuss 10 spider types, such as black widows, tarantulas, and orb-weavers, as well as the diving bell spiders, which live underwater. Siy's clearly written text then addresses spiders' unique aspects, typical life cycles, and whether they're poisonous to humans. Siy conveys scientific concepts and terminology very well, and her text is nicely complemented by Kunkel's detailed, vivid photographs and digitally enhanced electron micrographs, all of which are accompanied by descriptive captions. Though some squeamish or bugphobic folks might balk at the large photos (and shudder to learn about common household hiding spaces for spiders), readers will come away with a fairly comprehensive understanding of spiders and spider diversity. The extensive back matter includes the typical elements as well as a guide for recognizing and identifying particular spiders by eye pattern.--Rosenfeld, Shelle Copyright 2015 Booklist
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2015
Spit and Sticks: A Chimney Full of Swifts
Book Jacket   by Marilyn Grohoske Evans
Horn Book (c) Copyright The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. 9781580895880 This informative book follows a pair of chimney swifts as they arrive in Texas, build their nest in a farmhouse chimney, raise their chicks, and fly south for the winter. Attractive watercolor collages add extra meaning by showing the farmhouse humans (not mentioned in the narrative) engaging in parallel "nesting" activities, preparing for and welcoming a new baby. Additional facts about chimney swifts are appended. (c) Copyright 2016. The Horn Book, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Publishers Weekly (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved 9781580895880 A biracial family of three prepares to welcome a new baby boy while swifts nesting in the chimney of their quaint Texas country home raise their own fledglings. In calming prose, debut author Evans keeps the narrative focus on the birds ("Chittering, the fledglings jubilantly feast and frolic, consuming tons of insects"), letting the human family's story play out silently in Gsell's soft, loose watercolors, which include digitally collaged elements. Together, Evans and Gsell convey the quiet intersection of human and animal life, while an endnote offers more detailed information about the migration of chimney swifts. Ages 3-7. Illustrator's agent: Susan Cohen, Writers House. (Sept.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.
Book list From Booklist, Copyright © American Library Association. Used with permission. 9781580895880 One spring in Texas, a chimney swift flies back from South America to the farmhouse where it was born. In the chimney, the swift and its mate build a nest, and the female lays three white eggs. Three weeks later, they hatch. Eating all the insects their parents can bring them, the young birds grow up quickly, and soon they are trying their wings and flying about the farm with their family. In early winter, the swifts join a flock flying southward. The text is simple and informative, but it tells only part of the story in this appealing offering. Created with broad brushstrokes of watercolor and including digital elements, the vivid illustrations also show people on the farm: a father, mother, little girl, and (around the time the swifts' eggs hatch) new baby brother. There's little direct interplay between the human and avian families, which is realistic. But those scenes, such as the father and daughter waving at the fledgling birds, become a rewarding part of the visual narrative. An engaging, informational picture book.--Phelan, Carolyn Copyright 2015 Booklist
Kirkus Copyright © Kirkus Reviews, used with permission. While a pair of swifts raises a family in their chimney, a Texas family grows as well. The straightforward text in Evans' first picture book follows a family of swifts from the pair's return to the chimney of the farmhouse where they were born through nest-building, egg-laying and hatching, and feeding their chicks, who eventually fledge, fly, and feed themselves. In fall, the birds take off, joining a swarm of swifts heading for their winter home in the Southern Hemisphere. This simple narrative focuses exclusively on the birds, but it is mirrored by the activities of the mixed-race farming family shown in artfully primitive watercolor illustrations (with collage elements). One page shows the birds building their nest inside the chimney; opposite, the human father and daughter construct a crib while the visibly pregnant mother knits. While the birds "snuggle close" on the eggs, the human father reads to his daughter on his lap. A striking double-page spread shows the chicks emerging from their eggs. On the next pages, "It's a Boy" balloons fly from the farmhouse mailbox. Throughout the summer the baby grows ever more capable, just as the chicks do. An endnote includes further information about swifts and suggestions for readers to learn more and help preserve these interesting birds. A clever connection to the natural world for young readers and listeners. (Informational picture book. 3-7) Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.
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